Aina Elvius

Aina Margareta Elvius (1917-2019) was a Swedish astronomer. She was professor of astronomy at Stockholm University and director of the Stockholm Observatory. She was known for her work on polarized light from galaxies and on the nuclei of active galaxies. She was the second Swedish woman to be elected to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.[1]

Aina Elvius
Born
Aina Margareta Eriksson

(1917-06-26)26 June 1917
Stockholm, Sweden
Died23 May 2019(2019-05-23) (aged 101)
OccupationAstronomer
Organization

BiographyEdit

Aina Elvius was born on 26 June 1917. In 1945, she finished her master's degree in mathematics, physics, chemistry and astronomy.[2] In 1948, she began her polarimetric studies of galaxies using Öhman's Polarography and in 1951 she published her first polarization study of the spiral galaxy M63. She was later invited by John Scotville Hall to work at the Lowell Observatory, where she made a series of observations of the polarization of light from galaxies and from nebulae in the Milky Way.[3] She defended her doctoral thesis at Stockholm University College in 1956.[1] In the same year, she became an associate professor of astronomy at Stockholm University. In 1960 she received a doctoral degree at Uppsala University and then a post at the Swedish Science Research Council.[2] From 1979 to 1981, she worked as a professor at the Department of Astronomy, which makes her the first female astronomy professor in Sweden.[1]

AffiliationsEdit

Elvius became a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1975.[1] She was the second woman to be elected to the academy, and the first one since 1748.[4]

Elvius was a member of the International Astronomical Union.[5] She held four different membership positions:[5]

  • Member of Division VI Interstellar Matter (until 2012)
  • Member of Division VIII Galaxies & the Universe (until 2012)
  • Member of Commissions 28 Galaxies (until 2015)
  • Member of Commissions 34 Interstellar Matter (until 2015)

WorksEdit

ArticlesEdit

Elvius's first publications were articles she co-authored with John S. Hall and published in the Lowell Observer, a quarterly newsletter of Lowell Observatory.[6] The first was an article published in 1964 titled "Polarimetric observations of NGC 5128 (Cent A) and other extragalactic objects."[7] It was followed two years later in 1966 by "Observations of the color and polarization of the reflection nebulae NGC 2068, NCG 7023 and the Merope Nebula obtained in three spectral regions."[8] Their next article was "Observations of polarization and color in the nebulosity associated with the Pleiades cluster," which was published on 8 September 1967.[9]

Elvius co-authored an article with Hannes Alfvén that was published in Science Magazine.[10] The article, "Antimatter, Quasi-stellar Objects, and the Evolution of Galaxies," was published on 23 May 1969.[10]

In January 1972, Elvius published an article in the Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union called "A Matter-Antimatter Model for Quasi-Stellar Objects."[11] The following year, in January 1973, she published another article with the journal titled, "Polarization of Light by Dust in Galaxies."[12] Another year later, in January 1974, she and two other authors published the article "The Low Density Symmetric Cosmology" with the same journal.[13]

BooksEdit

Elvius was the editor of From Plasma to Planet: Proceedings (Nobel Symposium). The collection was published by John Wiley & Sons Inc in 1972.[14] Topics covered include plasma, interstellar matter, and solar systems.[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Aina Elvius turns 100 years old - Department of Astronomy". www.astro.su.se. Archived from the original on 12 April 2019. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b Bill, Anna (25 June 2012). "Hon har skärskådat galaxkärnors ljus". Upsala Nya Tidning. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  3. ^ "#43: Aina Elvius upptäcker polariserat ljus från galaxer – Svenska astronomiska sällskapet 100 år" [# 43: Aina Elvius detects polarized light from galaxies]. Svenska astronomiska sällskapet 100 år (in Swedish). Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  4. ^ Fisher-Hjalmars, Inga (1982). "Women Scientists in Sweden". In Derek Richter (ed.). Women Scientists: The Road to Liberation. Macmillan. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-1-349-81344-5.
  5. ^ a b "International Astronomical Union | IAU". www.iau.org. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  6. ^ "Lowell Observatory". ftp.lowell.edu. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  7. ^ Elvius, Aina; Hall, John Scoville (1964). "Polarimetric observations of NGC 5128 (Cen A) and other extragalactic objects". Lowell Observatory Bulletin. 6: 123–134. Bibcode:1964LowOB...6..123E.
  8. ^ Elvius, Aina; Hall, John Scoville (1966). "Observations of the color and polarization of the reflection nebulae NGC 2068, NGC 7023 and the Merope Nebula obtained in three spectral regions". Lowell Observatory Bulletin. 6: 257–269. Bibcode:1966LowOB...6..257E.
  9. ^ Elvius, Aina; Hall, John Scoville (1967). "Observations of polarization and color in the nebulosity associated with the Pleiades cluster". Lowell Observatory Bulletin. 7: 17–29. Bibcode:1967LowOB...7...17E.
  10. ^ a b Elvius, Aina; Alfvén, Hannes (23 May 1969). "Antimatter, Quasi-stellar Objects, and the Evolution of Galaxies". Science. 164 (3882): 911–917. doi:10.1126/science.164.3882.911. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17775594.
  11. ^ Elvius, Aina (1972). "A Matter-Antimatter Model for Quasi-Stellar Objects". Symposium - International Astronomical Union. 44: 306–310. doi:10.1017/S0074180900005775. ISSN 0074-1809.
  12. ^ Elvius, Aina (1973), "Polarization of Light by Dust in Galaxies", in Greenberg, J. Mayo; Van De Hulst, H. C. (eds.), Interstellar Dust and Related Topics, International Astronomical Union / Union Astronomique Internationale, Springer Netherlands, pp. 209–212, doi:10.1007/978-94-010-2664-2_30, ISBN 9789401026642
  13. ^ Elvius, Aina; Karlson, Erik T.; Laurent, Bertel E. (1974), Longair, M. S. (ed.), "The Low Density Symmetric Cosmology", Confrontation of Cosmological Theories with Observational Data, International Astronomical Union / Union Astronomique Internationale, Springer Netherlands, pp. 341–345, doi:10.1007/978-94-010-2220-0_30, ISBN 9789401022200
  14. ^ "9780471238751: From plasma to planet;: Proceedings (Nobel Symposium) - AbeBooks - A. Elvius: 0471238759". www.abebooks.com. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  15. ^ Elvius, Aina, ed. (1972). From plasma to planet: proceedings. New York: Wiley. ISBN 9780471238751.