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Ahudemmeh was the Metropolitan of the East of the Syriac Orthodox Church, from 559 until his execution in 575.

Ahudemmeh
Syriac Orthodox Metropolitan of the East
ChurchSyriac Orthodox Church
ArchdioceseMetropolitanate of the East
DioceseTagrit
SeeTagrit
In office559-575
PredecessorOffice created
SuccessorKhameeso
Orders
Consecration559
by Jacob Baradaeus
RankMetropolitan of the East
Personal details
BornBalad, Sassanian Empire
Died2 August 575
Ctesiphon, Sassanian Empire
Previous postBishop of Beth Arbaye

BiographyEdit

Ahudemmeh was born in the 6th century into a Nestorian Assyrian family.[1] In his youth he received religious education from the Nestorians and was elevated to bishop within the church for a time. Ahudemmeh later left the church and converted to Monophysitism, breaking off ties with his family and began to criticise Nestorianism.

According to Bar Hebraeus, Ahudemmeh was consecrated Bishop of Beth Arbaye by the Armenian Catholicos Christopher I in 540.[2] As bishop, Ahudemmeh preached amongst the nomadic Arab tribes of Beth Arbaye and converted many to Monophysitism.[3] He also founded a sanctuary dedicated to St. Sergius in the heart of Beth Arbaye known as Aïnqenia, so that the Arabs did not have to travel to Byzantine territory to pray. However, the sanctuary was destroyed by Nestorians not long after.

During this period, Monophysites were subject to a great deal of persecution from the Sassanians, under suspicion that as they obeyed a spiritual head residing in Byzantine territory, they were therefore inclined to support the Byzantines. This was spurred on by accusations of favouring the Byzantines from Nestorians at the Shah's court at Ctesiphon; thus encouraging further persecution. The Shah Khosrau I decided to hold a debate between the Monophysites and the Nestorians at his court,[4] to see the most convincing of the two.

The Nestorian group was led by the Catholicos of the East, Joseph and the Monophysite group was led by Ahudemmeh. John of Ephesus claims that Khosrau I saw that the Monophysites were superior and consequently gave them freedom to build places of worship throughout the empire. John also states that the result of the conference encouraged Jacob Baradaeus to consecrate Ahudemmeh as Metropolitan of the East in 559.

As metropolitan, Ahudemmeh rebuilt Aïnqenia and also founded the Monastery of Ga'tanî near Tagrit. Here, in 573 Ahudemmeh baptised a son of Khosrau I, who was then forced to flee to the Byzantine Empire.[5] Khosrau I, outraged, ordered Ahudemmeh's arrest and he was brought to the capital of Ctesiphon where he was imprisoned. He remained in prison until he was executed on 2 August 575.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Morony, M.G. (2005). Iraq After the Muslim Conquest. Gorgias Press. p. 374. ISBN 9781593333157. Retrieved 2014-10-05.
  2. ^ "Origin of the Maphrianate of Tigrit - Fr. Dr. Baby Varghese".
  3. ^ Greatrex, G.; Lieu, S.N.C. (2005). The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars AD 363-628. Taylor & Francis. p. 134. ISBN 9781134756469. Retrieved 2014-10-05.
  4. ^ John of Ephesus , Ecclesiastical History , III e part, Book VI, § 20.
  5. ^ Shahîd, I. (2002). Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection. p. 182. ISBN 9780884022848. Retrieved 2014-10-05.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Office created
Syriac Orthodox Metropolitan of the East
559-575
Succeeded by
Khameeso