|Date of birth||17 April 1926|
|Place of birth||Ben Shemen, Mandatory Palestine|
|Knessets||4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|1974–1977||Minister of Education|
Yadlin was born in moshav Ben Shemen during the Mandate era. He was active in the local scouting movement and served as its national coordinator. In 1946 he participated in the 11 points in the Negev project and was among the founders of kibbutz Be'eri. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War he joined the Palmah.
From 1950 to 1952 he was a member of the executive committee of the Histadrut. He received an MA in history, economics and sociology from the Hebrew University. After the split in HaKibbutz HaMeuhad he moved to kibbutz Hatzerim. He was one of the founders of Beit Berl Academic College, where he taught sociology and served as its acting director from 1955 to 1957. From 1964 to 1972 he was chairman of Mapai's public committee for youth movements.
In 1960 he was elected to the fourth Knesset and again to the fifth in 1964, and remained an MK until 1979. He was a member of the Economic Affairs, Education and Culture, Constitution, Law and Justice, Internal Affairs, and the Foreign Affairs & Defense committees. In the ninth Knesset he was chairman of the Education committee. From 1964 to 1972 he was Deputy Minister of Education, and from 1972 to 1974 was secretary general of the Labor Party. From 1974 to 1977 he served as Minister of Education. He set in motion a long school day program in development towns and poverty stricken areas.
After his retirement from the Knesset in 1979 he served in several public roles, including secretary general of the United Kibbutz Movement from 1985 to 1989. He has three sons and eleven grandchildren. One of his sons is high ranking IDF officer, General (res.) Amos Yadlin.
- The Goal and the Movement: Clarifying the Socialist Idea and its Implementation (1969) (in Hebrew)
- The Jewish Component of Israeli Education (1978) (in Hebrew)
- "Aharon Yadlin". The Israeli Labor Movement (in Hebrew). Archived from the original on 2010-12-02. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
- Salzman, Aviva (2006-05-22). "Interview with Aharon Yadlin". Israel Teachers Union (in Hebrew). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
- "Recipient's C.V (in Hebrew)". Israel Prize Official Site. Archived from the original on 21 April 2010.
- "Israel Prize Judges' Rationale (in Hebrew)". Israel Prize Official Site. Archived from the original on 21 April 2010.
- Aharon Yadlin on the Knesset website