Agreement for the Suppression of the Circulation of Obscene Publications

The Agreement for the Suppression of the Circulation of Obscene Publications is a multilateral anti-pornography treaty that was initially negotiated and concluded in Paris in 1910. It was amended by a 1949 Protocol. As of 2013, the treaty has 57 state parties.

The treaty was concluded on 4 May 1910 in Paris and was initially entitled the Agreement for the Repression of Obscene Publications. The treaty was initially agreed to by a number of states, including France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Great Britain. Through the treaty, the states agreed to designate a government authority tasked with sharing with the other states information regarding obscenity offences "where the various acts constituting the offence have taken place in different countries". The treaty applied to "obscene writings, designs, pictures or objects". In 1923, states agreed to criminalise the creation, distribution, and trade of obscene works via the Convention for the Suppression of the Circulation of and Traffic in Obscene Publications.

In 1948, the United Nations General Assembly agreed to a Protocol which would amend the 1910 treaty. On 4 May 1949 at Lake Success, New York, the Protocol was signed by a number of states. Ultimately, the Protocol was ratified by 35 states, which caused the revised treaty to come into force on 1 March 1950. One of the changes made by the Protocol was the name of the treaty. As of 2013, the 1949 version of the treaty remains in force and has 57 state parties.

Signatures and ratifications of the 1910 treatyEdit

The following states ratified the 1910 treaty:

State Date signed Date ratified,
acceded or succeeded
Notes
  Principality of Albania
  Austria-Hungary 1910 1910
  Belgium 1910 1910
  Brazil 1910 1910
  Kingdom of Bulgaria
  Republic of China
  Czechoslovakia
  Czech Republic 1993
  Denmark 1910 1910
  Kingdom of Egypt
  Estonia
  Fiji 1971
  Finland
  French Republic 1910 1910
  German Empire 1910 1910
  Irish Free State
  Kingdom of Italy 1910 1910
  Latvia
  Liberia 2005
  Luxembourg
  Monaco
  Netherlands 1910 1910
  Norway
  Poland
  Kingdom of Portugal 1910 1910
  Kingdom of Romania
  San Marino
  Slovakia 1993
  Spain 1910 1910
   Switzerland 1910 1910
  Thailand
  United Kingdom 1910 1910
  Zimbabwe 1998

Ratifications of the 1949 treatyEdit

State Date ratified,
acceded or succeeded
Notes
  Australia 1949
  Austria 1950
  Belarus 1998
  Belgium 1952
  Burma 1949
  Cambodia 1959
  Canada 1949
  Republic of China 1949 This ratification is currently in force for the People's Republic of China. Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong in 1997, the China declared that the agreement would continue to be in force in Hong Kong.
  Cuba 1983
  Cyprus 1963
  Czechoslovakia 1951
  Czech Republic 1993
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1962 Ratified as "Republic of the Congo".
  Denmark 1950
  Kingdom of Egypt 1949
  Fiji 1971
  Finland 1949
  France 1949
  Ghana 1958
  Haiti 1953
  Iceland 1950
  India 1949
  Iran 1959
  Iraq 1950
  Ireland 1952
  Italy 1952
  Jamaica 1964
  Jordan 1959
  Lesotho 1975
  Liberia 2005
  Luxembourg 1955
  Madagascar 1963
  Malawi 1965
  Ireland 1952
  Federation of Malaya 1957 This ratification is currently in force for Malaysia.
  Malta 1967
  Mauritius 1969
  Mexico 1952
  Montenegro 2006
  Netherlands 1950
  New Zealand 1950
  Nigeria 1961
  Norway 1949
  Pakistan 1951
  Romania 1950
  Serbia and Montenegro 2001 Ratified as the "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia". This ratification is currently in force for Serbia.
  Sierra Leone 1962
  Slovakia 1993
  Solomon Islands 1981
  South Africa 1950
  Soviet Union 1949 This ratification is currently in force for the Russian Federation.
  Sri Lanka 1949 Ratified as "Ceylon".
   Switzerland 1949
  Tanganyika 1962 This ratification is currently in force for Tanzania.
  Trinidad and Tobago 1966
  Turkey 1950
  United Kingdom 1949
  Yugoslavia 1953
  Zambia 1974

Further readingEdit

  • Perry, Stuart. The Indecent Publication Tribunal: A Social Experiment. With Text of the Legislation Since 1910 and Classifications of the Tribunal (Whicombe and Tombs, 1965).

External linksEdit