Coordinates: 39°49′41″N 21°21′48″E / 39.828191°N 21.363348°E / 39.828191; 21.363348

Aeginium or Aiginion (Ancient Greek: Αἰγίνιον) was a town of the Tymphaei in ancient Thessaly.[1] It is described by Livy as a place of great strength and nearly impregnable.[2]

Map showing ancient Thessaly. Aeginium is shown to the upper left.

It is frequently mentioned in the Roman wars in Greece. It was given up to plunder by L. Aemilius Paulus in 167 BCE for having refused to open its gates after the Battle of Pydna.[3] It was here that, during the civil war between Pompey and Julius Caesar, that the latter in his march from Apollonia effected a junction with Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus.[4] Later, the town was called by the name Stagos which was translated to Kalabaka.

Its modern location is tentatively assigned to a site in Nea Koutsoufliani in the municipality of Kalabaka.[5][6] William Martin Leake found an inscription at Kalabaka, in which Aeginium is mentioned.[7]


  1. ^ Strabo. Geographica. 7.7.9. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  2. ^ Livy. Ab Urbe Condita Libri (History of Rome). 32.15.
  3. ^ Livy. Ab Urbe Condita Libri (History of Rome). 32.15, 36.13, 44.46, 45.27.
  4. ^ Caes. B.C. 3.79.
  5. ^ Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 0-691-03169-X), Map 54.
  6. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  7. ^ Leake, Northern Greece, vol. i. p. 421, et seq.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Aeginium". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.