Adrenalize is the fifth studio album by English rock band Def Leppard, released on 31 March 1992 through Mercury Records. The album was the first by the band following the death of guitarist Steve Clark in 1991. Instead of replacing him with a new member, the band recorded the album as a four-piece. "We had recorded demos on multitrack," recalled fellow guitarist Phil Collen. "I was sitting there with him when he played the original parts. I could relay that. But it was like playing along to a ghost."[6]

Adrenalize
Def Leppard - Adrenalize.jpg
Studio album by
Released31 March 1992 (1992-03-31)
Recorded1988–1992
StudioWisseloord Studios, Hilversum
Dublin[1]
Genre
Length45:22
Label
Producer
Def Leppard chronology
Hysteria
(1987)
Adrenalize
(1992)
Retro Active
(1993)
Singles from Adrenalize
  1. "Let's Get Rocked"
    Released: March 1992
  2. "Make Love Like a Man"
    Released: June 1992
  3. "Have You Ever Needed Someone So Bad"
    Released: September 1992 (UK)
  4. "Stand Up (Kick Love into Motion)"
    Released: December 1992 (US)
  5. "Heaven Is"
    Released: January 1993 (UK)
  6. "Tonight"
    Released: March 1993
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic2.5/5 stars link
Robert Christgau(dud)[4]
Rolling Stone4/5 stars[5]
Sputnik Music3.5/5 stars

This was also the band's first album recorded without their longtime producer Robert John "Mutt" Lange. Instead, the band took matters in their own hands and produced the album themselves along with longtime engineer Mike Shipley;[7] with Lange credited as executive producer.[8] The album spawned seven singles, three of which – "Let's Get Rocked", "Make Love Like a Man" and "Have You Ever Needed Someone So Bad" – were major hits. One of the tracks on the album, "White Lightning", is dedicated to the memory of Clark,[7] who has writing credits on six of the album's 10 tracks.

Commercial performance and receptionEdit

Adrenalize debuted at No. 1 on both the UK Albums Chart[9] and, in the following week, on the U.S. Billboard 200.[10] It stayed at No. 1 of the Billboard chart for five weeks keeping Bruce Springsteen's Human Touch off the top spot, and spent 65 weeks on the charts in total.

The album received mixed reviews: some critics praised its production values and instantly catchy and radio-friendly material, while others called it tired and formulaic.[11] In a four-star review for Rolling Stone, J.D. Considine wrote: "Adrenalize is so relentlessly catchy that it almost seems as if the band is about to abandon its heavy-metal roots for the greener fields of hard pop."[12] Other reviewers also noted the album's less metal sound and pointed out its lack of cohesion. A staff writer for Sputnikmusic said that, despite the slick production, the album doesn't match the standard set by the band’s previous two records, which they referred to as masterpieces."[13] Writing in 2009, after Pyromania and Adrenalize have been reissued, Toby Cook of The Quietus said that, despite Adrenalize's many flaws, "the record buying public of '92 cared not."[14] Indeed, the album would go on to sell more than seven million copies worldwide, remaining Def Leppard's last studio album to achieve major mainstream success.[7]

Track listingEdit

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Let's Get Rocked"4:56
2."Heaven Is"
3:33
3."Make Love Like a Man"
  • Clark
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Lange
4:15
4."Tonight"
  • Clark
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Lange
  • Savage
4:03
5."White Lightning"
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Lange
  • Savage
7:03
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
6."Stand Up (Kick Love into Motion)"
  • Clark
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Lange
4:32
7."Personal Property"
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Lange
  • Savage
4:21
8."Have You Ever Needed Someone So Bad"
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Lange
5:24
9."I Wanna Touch U"
3:37
10."Tear It Down"
  • Clark
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Savage
3:38
Total length:45:22
Japanese bonus tracks
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
11."Miss You in a Heartbeat" (electric version)Collen5:06
12."She's Too Tough"Elliott3:39

Deluxe edition (Bonus CD)Edit

In the Clubs... In Your Face - Bonn, Germany 29/05/92
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Hysteria" (live)
  • Clark
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Lange
  • Savage
7:17
2."Photograph" (live)
4:44
3."Pour Some Sugar on Me" (live)
  • Clark
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Lange
  • Savage
5:09
4."Let's Get Rocked" (live)
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Lange
  • Savage
5:46
Adrenalize B-sides
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
5."You Can't Always Get What You Want" (with Hothouse Flowers)7:43
6."Little Wing" (with Hothouse Flowers)Jimi Hendrix3:40
7."Tonight" (version 2 - demo version featuring Steve Clark)
  • Clark
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Lange
  • Savage
4:24
8."Now I'm Here" (live - featuring Brian May)Brian May6:03
9."Two Steps Behind" (acoustic version)Elliott4:11
10."Tonight" (acoustic version, live at Sun Studio, Memphis, Tennessee, February 1993)
  • Clark
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Lange
  • Savage
4:16
11."Too Late for Love" (live in Denver, Colorado, February 1988)
  • Clark
  • Elliott
  • Lange
  • Savage
  • Willis
6:02
12."Women" (live in Denver, Colorado, February 1988)
  • Clark
  • Collen
  • Elliott
  • Lange
  • Savage
6:34

PersonnelEdit

Additional personnelEdit

ProductionEdit

  • Mike "Bat Ears" Shipley – producer, engineer, mixing
  • Def Leppard – producer
  • Pete Woodroffe – engineer, programming, sequencing
  • Robert John "Mutt" Lange – executive producer
  • Robert Scovill – assistant engineer
  • Bob Ludwig – mastering
  • Andie Airfix – art direction
  • Pamela Springsteen – photography

Chart positionsEdit

AlbumEdit

Chart (1992) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[15] 1
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[16] 11
Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)[17] 1
Dutch Albums (Album Top 100)[18] 27
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[19] 17
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[20] 8
Hungarian Albums (MAHASZ)[21] 17
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[22] 1
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[23] 2
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[24] 5
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[25] 1
UK Albums (OCC)[26] 1
US Billboard 200[27] 1

CertificationsEdit

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[28] Platinum 70,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[29] 4× Platinum 400,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[30] Gold 25,000[30]
France (SNEP)[31] Gold 100,000*
Japan (RIAJ)[32] Gold 100,000^
Mexico (AMPROFON)[33] Gold 100,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[34] Gold 7,500^
Sweden (GLF)[35] Gold 50,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[36] Platinum 50,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[37] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[38] 3× Platinum 3,000,000^

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "D E F L E P P A R D . C O M". 21 December 2001. Archived from the original on 21 December 2001. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  2. ^ Elliott, Paul (6 March 2018). "Def Leppard look back on how they made 90s rock classic Adrenalize". Classic Rock. Future plc. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  3. ^ Basner, Dave (31 March 2017). [1]. iHeartRadio. iHeartMedia. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  4. ^ Christgau, Robert. "Def Leppard". Robert Christgau.
  5. ^ J.D. Considine (16 April 1992). "Adrenalize | Album Reviews". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  6. ^ Barton, Geoff: "Steve was an artist…"; Classic Rock #219, February 2016, p184
  7. ^ a b c Kielty, Martin (31 March 2017). "When Def Leppard Beat the Grunge Clock With 'Adrenalize'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  8. ^ "Def Leppard News - The Story of Def Leppard's ADRENALIZE Album (Released 25 Years Ago)". Def Leppard Tour History. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  9. ^ "adrenalize | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Top Current Album Sales Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Def Leppard Adrenalize - AllMusic Review by Steve Huey". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  12. ^ Considine, J.D. (16 April 1992). "Adrenalize". Rolling Stone.
  13. ^ "Def Leppard - Adrenalize (album review ) | Sputnikmusic". www.sputnikmusic.com. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  14. ^ Cook, Toby (11 June 2009). "Reviews | Def Leppard - Pyromania & Adrenalize Reissues". The Quietus. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  15. ^ "Australiancharts.com – Def Leppard – Adrenalize". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Def Leppard – Adrenalize" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  17. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 2102". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  18. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Def Leppard – Adrenalize" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  19. ^ "Def Leppard: Adrenalize" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  20. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Def Leppard – Adrenalize" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  21. ^ "Album Top 40 slágerlista – 1992. 28. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved November 25, 2021.
  22. ^ "Charts.nz – Def Leppard – Adrenalize". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  23. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Def Leppard – Adrenalize". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  24. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Def Leppard – Adrenalize". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  25. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Def Leppard – Adrenalize". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  26. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  27. ^ "Def Leppard Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  28. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1992 Albums" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  29. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Def Leppard – Adrenalize". Music Canada. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  30. ^ a b "Def Leppard" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  31. ^ "French album certifications – Def Leppard – Adrenalize" (in French). InfoDisc. Retrieved 12 November 2021. Select DEF LEPPARD and click OK. 
  32. ^ "Japanese album certifications – Def Leppard – Adrenalize" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved 24 April 2019. Select 1992年5月 on the drop-down menu
  33. ^ "Certificaciones" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Retrieved 24 April 2019. Type Def Leppard in the box under the ARTISTA column heading and Adrenalize in the box under TÍTULO
  34. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Def Leppard – Adrenalize". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  35. ^ "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  36. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Def Leppard; 'Adrenalize')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  37. ^ "British album certifications – Def Leppard – Adrenalize". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  38. ^ "American album certifications – Def Leppard – Adrenalize". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 24 April 2019.

ReferencesEdit