Adma wa Dafneh
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Adma wa Dafneh or Adma (Arabic: أدْما و الدّفنة or أدما) is a town in the Keserwan District of the Mount Lebanon Governorate in Lebanon. The town consists of the villages of Adma and Dafneh. The town is located 27 kilometers north of Beirut on a cliff facing South.
Adma wa Dafneh
|• Mayor||Georges Dib Chehwan|
|• Total||4.56 km2 (1.76 sq mi)|
|Elevation||215 m (705 ft)|
|Highest elevation||330 m (1,080 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||100 m (300 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Website||Adma wa Dafneh|
Its elevation ranges between 100 and 330 meters above sea level and the town's total land area consists of 456 hectares. Adma wa Dafneh is markedly more vacant and vast than most Lebanese settlements, and is strongly connected to Jounieh and Tabarja to its south and north respectively. Adma wa Dafneh's inhabitants are predominantly Maronite Christians.
"Adam" (אדם in Hebrew) literally means red, and there is an etymological connection between adam and admah, admah designating "red clay" or "red ground" in a non-theological context. The Village of Adma was named after its fertile and rich soil which was covered by vegetation before urbanisation.
Topography and HistoryEdit
Adma wa Dafneh is largely made up of sparse structures situated between thick brush and forestation on the limestone hillsides and cliffs of Kasrouane.
The town was the site of a major battle between the Lebanese Army and Lebanese Forces during the Lebanese Civil War, of which shells and ruins can still be found to this day. The town also features a ruined Civil War-era structure with a hidden arms depository, now empty, that survived the war.
Residency and AccommodationsEdit
Adma wa Dafneh today is mostly home to the mid-class and the high society, as well as foreign investors in Lebanon. The town includes some of the most prestigious gated communities in Lebanon like BelHorizon Village and Admir. Mansions, large homes, as well as family buildings represent most of the dwellings in Adma.
The town has also managed to create its own ecosystem of accommodations which includes a Carrefour Market, convenience stores, gas stations, churches, a medical center, schools, restaurants, shops, hotels, etc.
- "Elections municipales et ikhtiariah au Mont-Liban" (PDF). Localiban. Localiban. 2010. p. 19. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2015-07-24. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
- "Etymology of Adma".