Addison Hutton (1834–1916) was a Philadelphia architect who designed prominent residences in Philadelphia and its suburbs, plus courthouses, hospitals, and libraries, including the Ridgway Library (now Philadelphia High School for the Creative and Performing Arts) and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. He made major additions to the campuses of Westtown School, George School, Swarthmore College, Bryn Mawr College, Haverford College, and Lehigh University.
|Born||November 28, 1834|
|Died||June 26, 1916(aged 81)|
|Buildings||Parrish Hall, Swarthmore College|
Arch Street Methodist Church
Early life and educationEdit
Addison Hutton was born on November 28, 1834. He grew up in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, southeast of Pittsburgh. He was the son of Joel Hutton, a Quaker carpenter, and Ann Mains. At an early age, he became fond of the "solid necessities of building" and enjoyed working alongside his father. Like his father, Addison would vary between carpenting and school. A young man named Robert Grimacy gave him lessons in architecture; it was then that Addison Hutton considered it to be a possible direction in his own life.
Addison Hutton studied architecture with Samuel Sloan, who was a leading Philadelphia architect and author of books on house designs. He supervised construction of the Sloan-designed Longwood in Natchez, MS (1859–62), until construction was abandoned during the American Civil War (stranding Hutton, a pacifist, in the Deep South). He became Sloan's partner in 1864 and was able to bring numerous commissions to their office due to his Quaker connections. By 1868, he had established his own office.
In November 1901, the American Institute of Architects denounced the design competition for the Pennsylvania State Capitol at Harrisburg and strongly urged its members not to participate. Hutton was one of nine architects who submitted designs (his was not selected), and he was expelled from the AIA in February 1902.
Marriage and childrenEdit
On October 10, 1865, Addison married Rebecca W. Savery, daughter of William Savery and Elizabeth H. Cresson. They had one child, a girl named Mary, who was born September 1, 1869; Mary married James Garrett Biddle. In 1876, Hutton built a house for his family in Bryn Mawr, PA, near those of several of his clients. It still stands at the southwest corner of Montgomery and Morris Avenues.
Death and afterwardEdit
Addison Hutton died on June 26, 1916, and was buried at Short Creek Meeting House, Jefferson Co., Ohio. His granddaughter has written a biography: Elizabeth Biddle Yarnall, Addison Hutton: Quaker Architect, 1834–1916 (Philadelphia: The Art Alliance Press, 1974).
Architectural Works (Partial Listing)Edit
Colleges, libraries and cultural institutionsEdit
- 1869 Parrish Hall, Swarthmore College's first building, Swarthmore, PA
- 1870–78 Ridgway Library (Library Company of Philadelphia), Broad & Christian Sts., Philadelphia, PA (now Philadelphia High School for the Creative and Performing Arts)
- 1874 President's House, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA
- 1874 Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 
- 1876 Friends Boarding School (now Olney Friends School), Barnesville, OH
- 1876 Linderman Library, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA
- 1877 Barclay Hall, Haverford College, Haverford, PA
- 1878 Public Library, Johnstown, PA (destroyed by the 1889 Johnstown Flood)
- 1879–84 Taylor Hall, Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA
- 1879–84 Merion Hall, Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA
- 1882 Mauch Chunk Opera House, 14 W. Broadway, Jim Thorpe, PA
- 1882 Coppee Hall Gymnasium, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA
- 1884–85 Chandler Chemistry Laboratory, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA
- 1885 Packer Memorial Chapel, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA
- 1885 Friends Select School, 16th & Cherry Sts., Philadelphia, PA
- 1886 Main Building, Westtown School, West Chester, PA
- 1889 Packer Hall Tower, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA
- 1890–92 Carnegie Library, Johnstown, PA (now the Johnstown Flood Museum)
- 1891 Renovations to Musical Fund Hall, The Musical Fund Society, 806 Locust St., Philadelphia, PA
- 1892 George School, Newtown, PA
- 1897–98 Vail Memorial Library, Lincoln University, Oxford, PA
- 1902 Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1300 Locust St., Philadelphia, PA
- 1868 Germantown Friends Meeting House, 47 W. Coulter St., Philadelphia, PA
- 1869–70 Arch Street United Methodist Church, SE corner Broad & Arch Sts., Philadelphia, PA
- 1871 Doylestown Presbyterian Church, Doylestown, PA
- 1872 Rectory for Church of the Redeemer, 220 Pennswood Road, Lower Merion Township, PA
- 1887-1890 Sarah Packer Memorial Building, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania
Institutional buildings and businessesEdit
- 1867 Shew Hall, Connecticut Hospital for the Insane, Middletown, CT
- 1868 Venango County Courthouse, Franklin, PA (with Samuel Sloan)
- 1869 Clinton County Courthouse, Lock Haven, PA (with Samuel Sloan)
- 1869 Philadelphia Savings Fund Society Building, Walnut St. & Washington Square, Philadelphia PA (expanded by Hutton, 1885–86 and 1888; expanded by Frank Furness, 1897–98)
- 1874 Lenape Building, SE corner Main & State Sts., Doylestown, PA
- 1876 Bucks County Intelligencer (newspaper) Building, Doylestown, PA
- 1878 Bucks County Courthouse, Doylestown, PA
- 1884–85 Bucks County Prison (later Pine Street Hotel), 138 S. Pine St., Doylestown, PA (now James A. Michener Art Museum)
- 1888–89 Girard Life Insurance Building, NE corner Broad & Chestnut Sts. Philadelphia, PA (demolished 1926)
- 1890 Pennsylvania Company for Insurance on Lives and Granting Annuities, 517 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, PA (demolished 1950s in the creation of Independence Mall)
- 1900 Department for the Chronic Insane, first floor plan, Harrisburg State Hospital, PA
- 1901 Design competition for Pennsylvania State Capitol, Harrisburg, PA (design not selected)
- 1904 Additions to Chalfonte-Haddon Hall Hotel, Atlantic City, NJ
- 1862 Henry G. Morris "cottage", Newport, RI
- 1865-68 "Glenloch" (later called "Lock Aerie"), residence of William E. Lockwood, Lancaster Pike, Frazer, PA
- 1866-1867 Barclay House, West Chester, Pennsylvania
- 1869 "The Chestnuts", residence of David Scull, 5820 City Ave., Overbrook, PA (now home of the Sisters of the Visitation)
- 1869 "Elm Villa", residence of D. T. Gage, Maple St., Merchantville, NJ
- 1870 "Pembrook Farm", residence of Charles H. Wheeler, 310 Fishers Rd, Bryn Mawr, PA
- 1870 "St. Michel", residence of Francis A. Drexel, Knights Rd., Torresdale, PA
- 1870 "The Four Sisters" Residences: 101, 121, 205 & 221 W. Virginia Ave., West Chester, PA
- 1870 "Braewold", Bedford, New York, listed on the National Register of Historic Places as part of The Woodpile historic district in 1992.
- 1872 "Cedarcroft", residence of Robert Emmett Monaghan, 413 W. Miner St., West Chester, PA
- 1874 Harry Packer Mansion, Jim Thorpe (Mauch Chunk), PA (now a bed & breakfast)
- 1875 "Midhope", residence of Prof. James C. Booth, Booth Lane, Haverford Station, PA
- 1876 Addison Hutton residence, 804 W Montgomery Ave., Bryn Mawr, PA
- 1877 "Sylvula", residence of Stephen O. Fuguet, 931 Montgomery Ave., Bryn Mawr, PA (renamed "Beechwood" by 1908, now part of The Shipley School)
- 1877-1878 Charles Thomas House, West Whiteland Township, Pennsylvania
- 1880 Residence, 3400 Powelton Ave., Philadelphia, PA
- 1880 Residence for G. M. Rupert, 506 N Church Street, West Chester, PA
- 1880s "Penn Grove", residence of N. Parker Shortridge, Lancaster Ave. & Wynnewood Rd., Wynnewood, PA
- 1880-81 Residence of J. W. Townsend, 825 Montgomery Ave., Bryn Mawr, PA
- 1881 "Waverly Heights", residence of Samuel Rea, 1400 Waverly Rd., Gladwyne, PA (now Wavery Heights Retirement Community)
- 1881 "Greenway", residence of George Lovell, 235 Pennswood Rd., Bryn Mawr, PA
- 1882 "Egerton House", residence of Mrs. Edward Scull, 5760 City Ave., Overbrook, PA (now residence of the Archbishop of Philadelphia)
- 1882 James Spear Residence, 244-46 S. 21st St., Philadelphia, PA
- 1884 "Holmhurst", residence of Charles Hartshorne, Hazelhurst Ave., Merion, PA
- 1884 216 N 34th Street, Philadelphia. Home of George Fletcher. Current home of Theta Chi Fraternity at Drexel University
- 1885 "Ballytore", residence of Isaac H. Clothier, 630 Clothier Rd., Wynnewood, PA (now St. Sahag-St. Mesrob Armenian Church)
- 1885 "Torworth", residence of J. C. Strawbridge, School House Ln., Germantown, Philadelphia, PA (demolished)
- c.1885-89 "Roslyn Heights", residence of Stevenson Crothers, Papermill Rd., Erdenheim, PA
- 1887 Residence of E. P. Fox, 730 Montgomery Ave., Bryn Mawr, PA
- 1890 "Dundale", residence of Theodore Morris, Spring Mill Rd., Villanova, PA (now Picotte Hall, Villanova University)
- 1890 "Hillhurst", residence of John Biddle, 216 S. Orange St., Media, PA
- 1908 Alterations to 44 S Wyoming Ave., Lower Merion Twp., PA
Germantown Friends Meeting House, Philadelphia, PA (1868).
Ridgway Library, Philadelphia, PA (1870–78). Now Philadelphia High School for the Creative and Performing Arts.
Linderman Library, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA (1876).
Coppee Hall Gymnasium, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA (1882).
Chandler Chemistry Laboratory, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA (1884–85).
Bucks County Prison, Doylestown, PA (1884–85). Now James A. Michener Art Museum.
Packer Memorial Chapel, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA (1885).
- New York Times, "Art Notes", Feb. 10, 1902
- Ridgway Library at Library Postcards
- Peitzman, Steven J.; A New and Untried Course: Woman's Medical College and Medical College of Pennsylvania, 1850-1998; (2000) Rutgers University Press: Piscataway, NJ.
- Taber, William P.; Be Gentle, Be Plain; (1976) Celo Press
- Linderman Library Archived September 7, 2006, at the Wayback Machine at Lehigh University
- Johnstown Flood Museum
- Opera House Archived April 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine at Mauch Chunk Historical Society
- "HSP". Archived from the original on 2013-01-25. Retrieved 2009-01-29.
- Germantown Friends at Historic American Buildings Survey
- Arch Street Methodist Archived February 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- Doylestown Presbyterian at Michener Museum
- Redeemer Rectory Archived June 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine at Lower Merion Historical Society
- "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System. Note: This includes Sally McMurry (July 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: St. Mark's Episcopal Church" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-10-30.[permanent dead link]
- County Courthouses of Pennsylvania, By Oliver P. Williams, 2001
- PSFS at Historic American Buildings Survey
- Lenape Building at Michener Museum
- Intelligencer Building at Michener Museum
- Bucks County Prison at Michener Museum
- Pennsylvania Company at Bryn Mawr College
- Hutton's design for PA State Capitol Archived July 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Glenloch[permanent dead link] at Historic American Buildings Survey
- The Chestnuts at Bryn Mawr College
- Elm Villa at Bryn Mawr College
- St. Michel Archived 2009-04-09 at the Wayback Machine at Bryn Mawr College
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Midhope at Bryn Mawr College
- Sylvula (Beechwood) at Bryn Mawr College
- "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). ARCH: Pennsylvania's Historic Architecture & Archaeology. Retrieved 2012-11-02. Note: This includes Martha Wolf (December 1981). "Pennsylvania Historic Resource Survey Form: Charles Thomas House" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- Penn Grove at Bryn Mawr College
- Townsend House at Bryn Mawr College
- Waverly Heights Archived February 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- Greenway Archived June 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine at Lower Merion Historical Society
- Egerton House at Bryn Mawr College
- Holmhurst at Bryn Mawr College
- Ballytore at Lower Merion Historical Society
- St. Sahag & St. Mesrob
- Torworth at Bryn Mawr College
- Roslyn Heights at Bryn Mawr College
- Dundale at Historic American Buildings Survey
- Dundale history at Villanova University
- Addison Hutton archival card catalog. Held by the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Columbia University.
- Media related to Addison Hutton at Wikimedia Commons