The Académie Colarossi (1870–1930) was an art school in Paris founded in 1870 by the Italian model and sculptor Filippo Colarossi.[1] It was originally located on the Île de la Cité, and it moved in 1879 to 10 rue de la Grande-Chaumière in the 6th arrondissement. The school closed in the 1930s.

Académie Colarossi
Address
Map
10 rue de la Grande-Chaumière

Paris

France
Information
School typeart school
Founded1815
Closed1930
Academie Colarossi life drawing class, 1908
Academie Colarossi life drawing class, 1908

History

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A precursor art school in the same location was the Académie Suisse, founded in 1815.[2] The former Académie Suisse location on the Île de la Cité was bought by Italian sculptor Filippo Colarossi in 1870, and in 1879 it moved to 10 rue de la Grande-Chaumière in the 6th arrondissement.[3][4]

The Académie was established in the 19th century as an alternative to the government-sanctioned École des Beaux Arts that had, in the eyes of many promising young artists at the time, become far too conservative. Along with its equivalent Académie Julian, and unlike the official École des Beaux Arts, the Colarossi school accepted female students and allowed them to draw from the nude male model.[5]

Around 1879, two salon painters taught the Académie classes, the Japanese-influenced painter Raphaël Collin and French academic-style painter Gustave Courtois.[1] Among its other instructors were the influential French sculptor, Jean Antoine Injalbert and painter Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret.[1] In 1893, the progressive Académie appointed the American artist Wilhelmina Douglas Hawley (1860–1958) as its first female teacher.

In 1922 sculptor Henry Moore attended, although not as a student. Moore took life-drawing classes that were open to the general public, paid for with a book of inexpensive tickets. The evening classes were progressively timed – one hour, then 20 minutes, then five minutes, then one – to develop various drawing skills.

The school closed in the 1930s. Around that time, Madame Colarossi burned the priceless school archives in retaliation for her husband's philandering.

Notable students

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At Académie Colarossi among the female attendees were german painter Thea Schleusner, Amedeo Modigliani's muse, Jeanne Hébuterne; Scottish Impressionist Bessie MacNicol; Canadian Impressionist Emily Carr; and French sculptor Camille Claudel, who was also a student of Rodin's. Noted also for its classes in life sculpting, the school attracted many foreign students, including a large number from the United States.[4]

  Austria Zofia Albinowska-MinkiewiczowaAloys Wach
  Australia Alice Muskett[6]
  Bulgaria Pascin
  Canada Frederic Marlett Bell-SmithEmily CarrRalston CrawfordPrudence HewardGeorge Loftus NoyesMaurice PrendergastGeorge Agnew ReidBoardman RobinsonMarc Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté
  China Georgette Chen
  Czech Republic František BílekJosef ČapekAlfons Mucha
  Denmark Cecilie Dahl
  Ecuador Camilo Egas
  Estonia Adamson-EricKonrad MägiKarl PärsimägiNikolai TriikEduard Wiiralt
  Finland Helene SchjerfbeckEllen Thesleff
  France Hélène de BeauvoirCamille ClaudelPaul GauguinMarcel GromaireJeanne HébuterneJean LurçatÉmile SchuffeneckerTheophile-Alexandre SteinlenFabien Fabiano
  Germany Karl Albert BuehrGeorge GroszHans HofmannWilhelm LehmbruckPaula Modersohn-Becker
  Greece Sophia Laskaridou
  Hungary Emile LahnerCamilla Koffler (Ylla)
  Ireland Eileen Gray
  Italy Romaine BrooksAmedeo Modigliani
  Israel Avigdor Stematsky
  Japan Kume KeiichiroSeiki KurodaHenry Sugimoto
  Lithuania Jacques Lipchitz
  Norway Nikolai AstrupJean HeibergOlaf GulbranssonWilhelm RasmussenAage StorsteinIngebrigt VikGustav WentzelCora Sandel
  New Zealand Sydney ThompsonHelen Stewart
  Poland Stanisław JackowskiAlfons KarpińskiJózef MehofferMela Muter - Włodzimierz TetmajerMax WeberStanisław Wyspiański- Eugeniusz Zak
  Romania Reuven Rubin
  Russia Gleb W. DerujinskyAlexander GolovinAnna GolubkinaEugene LancerayKonstantin SomovEmil Wiesel- Nicolai Ivanovich KravchenkoNikolai Pomansky
  Spain Hermenegildo Anglada Camarasa
  Sweden Carl EldhArvid NyholmJenny NyströmHanna Pauli[1] - Anna Wengberg
  Switzerland Fritz GlarnerOswald PilloudLouis SoutterHeini Waser
  Uruguay Juan José Calandria
  United Kingdom Lamorna BirchJohn Duncan FergussonEdward Halliday[7]Isobel HeathRichard Jack - Mina LoyLaura Muntz LyallOttilie Maclaren WallaceBessie MacNicol - Cedric MorrisSamuel PeploeElizabeth PoluninDod ProcterRobert William ServiceStansmore Dean Stevenson - Edith Grace Wheatley - Sydney Curnow VosperAmy Krauss
  United States Lucy BaconCecilia BeauxCharles BittingerRinaldo CuneoCharles DemuthEyre de LanuxFlorence EstéClara Fasano - Lyonel FeiningerMeta Vaux Warrick FullerMarion GreenwoodElizabeth Orton JonesAlice De Wolf KelloggWalt KuhnJean Mannheim[8]Isamu NoguchiGeorge Loftus NoyesPauline PalmerLilla Cabot PerryAlice Morgan WrightStanton Macdonald-WrightElenore Plaisted AbbottAlice SchilleJanet ScudderArmstrong SperryInga Stephens Pratt ClarkAdrien VoisinChallis WalkerNan WatsonAdele Fay WilliamsMahonri Young

Other students

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See also

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References

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  1. ^ a b c d Thorell, Marge (2018-11-13). Karin Bergoo Larsson and the Emergence of Swedish Design. McFarland. pp. 43, 166. ISBN 978-1-4766-7406-3.
  2. ^ Ayral-Clause, Odile (2019-08-09). Camille Claudel: A Life. Plunkett Lake Press.
  3. ^ "Académie Colarossi". Artist Biographies. Artist Biographies Ltd. Registered in England and Wales. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  4. ^ a b Greet, Michele (2018). Transatlantic Encounters: Latin American Artists in Paris Between the Wars. Yale University Press. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-300-22842-7.
  5. ^ "Art Term – Académie Colarossi". Tate. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  6. ^ Edgar, Suzanne; Green, Dorothy (1986). "Muskett, Alice Jane (1869–1936)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  7. ^ Compton, Ann (1997). Edward Halliday: Art for Life, 1925-1939. Liverpool Science Fiction Texts and Studies. Liverpool University Press. pp. 10, 44. ISBN 9780853239727.
  8. ^ Hughes, Edan Milton (1986). Artists in California, 1786-1940. Hughes Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0961611200.
  9. ^ "Hester Frood". The British Museum. Retrieved 2023-06-04.
  10. ^ Mathews, Nancy Mowll (1993). Charles Prendergast. Williamstown, MA.: Williams College Museum of Art. p. 10. ISBN 0-913697-16-8.
  11. ^ https://norahouston.org/about/ About Nora Houston - Nora Houston Foundation

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