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Fritz Glarner (July 20, 1899 in Zurich – September 18, 1972 in Locarno) was a Swiss-American painter.

Glarner was a leading proponent of so-called Concrete Art, an artists' movement whose roots lead back to the painters of De Stijl and the principles of the Bauhaus. He was a disciple of Piet Mondrian, strongly influenced by Mondrian's theories of "dynamic symmetry." As he developed as an artist, his works began to be increasingly influenced by Mondrian's Neoplastic theory. His leaning toward nonrepresentational art had begun as early as 1929 in Paris, where he was a member of the Abstraction-Création group. Glarner took up Mondrian's motif of arranging simplified colors and forms on an architectural pattern.[1] Glarner introduced a diagonal into the strict horizontal and vertical geometric aesthetic of Mondrian, creating new, yet equally systematic principles of composition that he termed "relational painting."

Like Mondrian, Glarner limited his color palette to the primaries, red, yellow and blue. He expanded Mondrian's black "line" into a broad range of grays, used both as line and, like the primaries, as geometric areas of color. Many of his works are tondos, his signature relational principles ordered within a circle. Glarner's additions and alterations in structure and color to the Mondrian style gave his works a vitality and spatial dimensions.[1] 24 of his works are owned by Museo Cantonale d’Arte of Lugano, Switzerland.[2]

BiographyEdit

Although Glarner was Swiss, born in Zurich, and kept close ties to his home country, he lived most of his life as an expatriate. He spent his childhood and youth in Italy and France. He studied and worked in Paris from 1923-1935. Glarner emigrated to the United States in 1936, living and working first in Manhattan and later at a studio and residence on Long Island. In 1966 he was gravely injured in rough seas on an ocean liner crossing from Europe to America. He returned to Switzerland in 1971, taking residence in Locarno. He died the next year.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Fritz Glarner". The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Museo Cantonale d'Arte, Lugano, Switzerland: Fritz Glarner
  • This article is based partially on the more extensive entry on the artist in the German Wikipedia. The artist's biography is drawn largely from Ms. Staber's monograph.

LiteratureEdit

  • Werner Haftmann. Painting in the Twentieth Century. 2 vols. Praeger, New York, 1965. Page 341 and plate 389, fig. 971.
  • Margit Staber. Fritz Glarner: Monograph on One of the Leading Exponents of Concrete Art. ABC Verlag, Zurich 1976.
  • New York, NY, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hi/hi_glarnerfritz.htm.