Abu al-Razi Muhammad ibn Abd al-Hamid

Abu al-Razi Muhammad ibn Abd al-Hamid (Arabic: أبو الرازي محمد بن عبد الحميد‎) (died 829) was a ninth century governor of the Yemen for the Abbasid Caliphate.

Abu al-Razi Muhammad ibn Abd al-Hamid
أبو الرازي محمد بن عبد الحميد
Abbasid Governor of Yemen
In office
828–829
Monarchal-Ma'mun
Preceded byMuhammad ibn Nafi
Succeeded byIshaq ibn al-Abbas ibn Muhammad al-Hashimi
Abbasid deputy governor of Basra
In office
819 – 828
(for Salih ibn al-Rashid)
Monarchal-Ma'mun
Personal details
BornAbbasid Caliphate
Childrenal-Razi
ParentsAbd al-Hamid

CareerEdit

A mawla of the caliph al-Ma'mun (r. 813–833), Abu al-Razi was made deputy governor of Basra on behalf of Salih ibn al-Rashid in ca. 819, following the return of the caliph from Khurasan to Baghdad.[1] In ca. 828 he was appointed by al-Ma'mun as governor of the Yemen, and he led an army to the province to deal with the rebel Ahmar al-'Ayn. Upon his arrival in Sana'a he received a request from the rebel for amnesty, which was initially granted, but he subsequently decided to arrest Ahmar al-'Ayn and send him in irons to the caliph in Baghdad.[2]

Shortly after dealing with Ahmar al-'Ayn, Abu al-Razi was faced with another rebellion in the southern highlands of the country, by the Himyarite Ibrahim ibn Abi Ja'far al-Manakhi. The governor decided to advance against Ibrahim and attack him, but in the resulting engagement he was defeated and killed. Following Abu al-Razi's death, Ibrahim proceeded to plunder al-Janad, while Ishaq ibn al-Abbas ibn Muhammad al-Hashimi was selected as the new governor.[3]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Al-Ya'qubi 1883, p. 553.
  2. ^ Al-Mad'aj 1988, p. 213; Van Arendonk 1919, pp. 101 ff.; Al-Ya'qubi 1883, pp. 561–62; Al-Tabari 1987, p. 176.
  3. ^ Al-Mad'aj 1988, p. 213; Van Arendonk 1919, pp. 101 ff.; Bikhazi 1970, p. 29; Al-Ya'qubi 1883, p. 562; Al-Tabari 1987, p. 181.

ReferencesEdit

  • Bikhazi, Ramzi J. (1970). "Coins of al-Yaman 132-569 A.H." Al-Abhath. 23: 3–127. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  • Al-Mad'aj, Abd al-Muhsin Mad'aj M. (1988). The Yemen in Early Islam (9-233/630-847): A Political History. London: Ithaca Press. ISBN 0863721028.
  • Al-Tabari, Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir (1987). Yar-Shater, Ehsan (ed.). The History of al-Ṭabarī, Volume XXXII: The Reunification of the 'Abbasid Caliphate. Trans. Clifford Edmund Bosworth. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-88706-058-7.
  • Van Arendonk, Cornelius (1919). De Opkomst Van Het Zaidietische Imamaat in Yemen. Leiden: E.J. Brill. ISBN 0863721028.
  • Al-Ya'qubi, Ahmad ibn Abu Ya'qub (1883). Houtsma, M. Th. (ed.). Historiae, Vol. 2. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
Political offices
Preceded by
Muhammad ibn Nafi'
Abbasid governor of the Yemen
828–829
Succeeded by
Ishaq ibn al-Abbas ibn Muhammad al-Hashimi