Abu Saleh Mohammad Nasim

Abu Saleh Mohammad Nasim Bir Bikrom (born 4 January 1946)[1] is a former Chief of Army Staff of the Bangladesh Army.[2] In 1996, he attempted a military coup of the caretaker government which was preparing for general elections. After failure of the coup in 1996, he was arrested, placed under house arrest, and subsequently dismissed from service. That year, the Awami League was elected to power in the government. It reverted Nasim's dismissal from the military and later provided him with an honorable discharge.

Lieutenant General

Abu Saleh Mohammad Nasim
Native name
আবু সালেহ মোহাম্মদ নাসিম
Born (1946-01-04) 4 January 1946 (age 74)
Munshiganj, Bengal Presidency, British India
Years of service1964-1996
Commands heldChief of Army Staff
Websitewww.ltgenasmnasim.info

Early lifeEdit

Nasim graduated from Faujdarhat Cadet College.[3] He had participated in the Bangladesh Liberation War and was awarded Bir Bikrom for valor by the government in 1971. He was injured in one leg during this war.

CareerEdit

Nasim was appointed the Chief of Army Staff by the Bangladesh Nationalist Party government led by the then Prime Minister Begum Khaleda Zia in 1993.

Coup in 1996Edit

Nasim staged an abortive military coup in 1996. On 19 May 1996, Abdur Rahman Biswas, the President of Bangladesh during a caretaker government, ordered Lt. Gen. Nasim to force the retirement of Major-General Morshed Khan, commander of Bogra Cantonment, and Brigadier Miron Hamidur Rahman, deputy chief of paramilitary Bangladesh Rifles.[4] Both officers had issued statements expressing dissatisfaction with the country's situation.[5] The President believed that they were involved in political activities with opposition parties. Nasim refused to comply. The next day, Biswas sacked him and sent soldiers to control the state radio and television stations. On noon that day, Nasim ordered soldiers of Bogra, Jessore and Mymensingh divisions to march towards Dhaka.[6] The Ninth Infantry Division's Major General Imamuzzaman Chowdhury, who commanded the division located closest to Dhaka, remained loyal to the President. He directed the removal of all boats and ferries from Jamuna River in Aricha port, so that Bogra and Jessore divisions could not cross the river.[7]

Nasim sent a contingent of troops with tanks to blockade the Dhaka-Mymenshing highway. This prevented Mymensing Division Army from entering Dhaka. In the meantime, Major General Mohammad Anwar Hossain, General Officer Commanding of the 33rd Infantry Division located in Comilla, also came to the aid of the president. He mobilized a fully geared 101 Infantry Brigade, under the command of Brig. Shah Ikram (later Maj. Gen.) to Dhaka to fortify Bangabhaban, the presidential palace.[8] The 33rd Division was deployed, using an Infantry Battalion and a company of tanks from the 7th Horse Armoured Battalion at the Dhaka-Chittagong highway, to create a blockade against the 24th Infantry Division located in Chittagong. The government broadcast announcements asking all soldiers to stay at their own cantonment. After some hours, Mymensingh Division soldiers returned to their barracks. The Chittagong Division never mobilized towards Dhaka. The General Officer Commanding of the Chittagong Division realized that the military coup was highly unlikely to succeed. That night, Nasim was interviewed by the BBC and, in reference to troop movements, he said that as Army Chief, he could move troops anytime he wanted. Nasim was arrested by the Brigade Commander of 14 Independent Engineers Brigade and put under house arrest in the Army Mess behind Army Central Library, Staff road, Dhaka Cantonment. Later the Awami League government, which was elected to power in 1996, granted him a formal retirement.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Curriculum Vitae in English". ltgenasmnasim.info. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Nasim testifies in Manzur murder case". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  3. ^ Contributor. "Abu Saleh Mohammad Nasim Video". ovguide.com. ovguide.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  4. ^ Unknown. "Dhaka Faces Revolt". themoscowtimes.com. The Moscow Times. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  5. ^ Ali, M.M. "Shaikh Hasina Takes Over From Khalida Zia in Successful Bangladesh Election". wrmea.org. American Educational Trust. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  6. ^ Dahlburg, John-Thor. "Bangladeshi President Fires Army Chief". articles.latimes.com. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  7. ^ Report. "BANGLADESH TENSE AFTER ARMY CHIEF'S FIRING". washingtonpost.com. Washington Post. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  8. ^ Article. "Bangladesh's Army Chief Fired". articles.chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  9. ^ "Bangladesh ex-army chief arrested". upi.com. United Press International, Inc. Retrieved 21 June 2015.