Abdulaziz bin Muhammad

  (Redirected from Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud)

Abdulaziz bin Muhammad Al Saud (Arabic: عبد العزيز الأول بن محمد بن سعود‎) (died 1803) was the second ruler of the First Saudi State and son of Muhammad bin Saud. He was also the son-in-law of Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab. He ruled the First Saudi State from 1765 until 1803.[1][2]

Abdulaziz bin Muhammad
Died12 November 1803
Noble familyHouse of Saud
FatherMuhammad bin Saud


In 1795 Riyadh was captured and became part of the First Saudi State.[2] This victory allowed the Al Sauds to rule all of Najd. Their military success and orthodox approach to religion won them great support in the area. Their standing was also boosted by Abdulaziz's practice of holding open meetings where tribal elders could meet with him, allowing access to their ruler.

Sack of KarbalaEdit

In 1801 (1216 Hijri), the Emirate of Diriyah (First Saudi state) under his rule attacked Karbala and Najaf in Iraq. They massacred thousands of the Shia population, stole enough precious loot to load 4,000 camels, and destroyed the dome over the tomb of Husayn ibn Ali.[3]

Personal life and deathEdit

Abdulaziz married to the daughter of Uthman bin Mu'ammar, the ruler of Uyayna.[2] In 1803, Abdulaziz was assassinated by a Persian man who was a darwish when Abdulaziz was leading Asr Salat in the mosque of Turayf in Dir'aiyah.[2] He was succeeded by his son, Saud.[1]


  1. ^ a b J. E. Peterson (2003). Historical Dictionary of Saudi Arabia (2nd ed.). Scarecrow Press. p. 16.
  2. ^ a b c d Parvaiz Ahmad Khanday (2009). "A Critical analysis of the Religio-Political conditions of modern Saudi Arabia" (PhD Thesis). Aligarh Muslim University. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  3. ^ Sayed Khatab (2011). Understanding Islamic Fundamentalism: The Theological and Ideological Basis of Al-Qa'ida's Political Tactics. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9789774164996.
Preceded by
Muhammad bin Saud
Imam of First Saudi State
Succeeded by
Saud bin Abdulaziz