Abd al-Wahhab ibn Abd al-Rahman

Abd al-Wahhab ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Rustam, was the second imam of the Imamate of Tahart and founder of the Wahhabi Ibadism movement. He was part of the Rustamid dynasty that ruled a theocracy in what is now Tunis and Algeria. He became ruler after the death of his father, Abd al-Rahman ibn Rustam and founded an external Islamic religious movement called Wahhabism relative to his name Abd al-Wahhab. His Ibadi Kharijite preaching is often incorrectly associated with the modern day Salafi movement.[1][2][3]

Abd al-Wahhab ibn Abd al-Rahman
Imam
Reign788–824
PredecessorAbd al-Rahman ibn Rustam
SuccessorAbu Sai'd Aflah ibn Abd al-Wahhab
Born747/748
Died823/824
HouseRustamid dynasty

Early lifeEdit

Abd al-Wahhab was born in 747/748.[4] His father was Abd al-Rahman ibn Rustam the founder of the rustamid dynasty and his mother was a Berber from the Banu Ifran tribe. He studied Abu Ubayda Muslim ibn Abi Karima's ideas under his father, who was also a transmitter of Ibadi tradition.[5] He received the state after the death of his father in 788.[6] In 789, he let Idris I to capture Tlemcen without any negative reaction.[7] He died, probably, in the year 823/824.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Abd al-Wahhab ibn Rustam".
  2. ^ Madavoor, Hussain (24 December 2018). "'We are not Wahhabis...'".
  3. ^ Saad Al Shuwayr, Dr. Muhammad. "Correcting a historical mistake about Wahhabism". Archived from the original on 17 January 2018.
  4. ^ Prevost, Virginie (2011). "Ἁbd al-Raḥmān ibn Rustum al-Fārisī. Une tentative de biographie du premier imam de Tāhart". Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East. 86 (1): 64. ISSN 0021-1818.
  5. ^ Prevost, Virginie (2011). "Ἁbd al-Raḥmān ibn Rustum al-Fārisī. Une tentative de biographie du premier imam de Tāhart". Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East. 86 (1): 57. ISSN 0021-1818.
  6. ^ Talbi, M. (1995). "Rustamids". In Bearman, P.; Bianquis, Th.; Bosworth, C.E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W.P. (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam. VIII (2nd ed.). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Publishers. p. 639. ISBN 9004098348.
  7. ^ Talbi, M. (1995). "Rustamids". In Bearman, P.; Bianquis, Th.; Bosworth, C.E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W.P. (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam. VIII (2nd ed.). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Publishers. p. 640. ISBN 9004098348.
  8. ^ Prevost, Virginie (2011). "Ἁbd al-Raḥmān ibn Rustum al-Fārisī. Une tentative de biographie du premier imam de Tāhart". Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East. 86 (1): 63–64. ISSN 0021-1818.

External linksEdit