Abas (son of Lynceus)

In Greek mythology, Abas (/ˈbəs/; Ancient Greek: Ἄβας) was the twelfth king of Argos. His name probably derives from ἀ + βαίνω, that is, the one who does not walk away, which is in line with his tenacious and courageous character on the field of battle.

FamilyEdit

Abas was the son of Lynceus of the royal family of Argos, and Hypermnestra, the last of the Danaides.[1] With his wife Ocalea (or Aglaea, depending on the source), he had twin sons Acrisius (grandfather of Perseus) and Proetus,[2] and one daughter, Idomene[citation needed]. Abas had also an illegitimate son named Lyrcus, who gave his name to the city of Lyrcea.[3]

The name Abantiades (/ˌæbænˈtədz/; Ancient Greek: Ἀβαντιάδης) generally signified a descendant of this Abas, but was used especially to designate Perseus, the great-grandson of Abas,[4] and Acrisius, a son of Abas.[5] A female descendant of Abas, as Danaë and Atalante, was called Abantias.[6]

MythologyEdit

Abas was a successful conqueror, and was the founder of the city of Abae in northeastern Phocis,[7] home to the legendary oracular temple to Apollo Abaeus, and also of the Pelasgic Argos in Thessaly.[8] When Abas informed his father of the death of Danaus, he was rewarded with the shield of his grandfather, which was sacred to Hera.[9][10] Abas was said to be so fearsome a warrior that even after his death, enemies of his royal household could be put to flight simply by the sight of this shield.[11] He bequeathed his kingdom to Acrisius and Proetus, bidding them to rule alternately, but they quarrelled even while they still shared their mother's womb.

Argive genealogyEdit

Argive genealogy in Greek mythology
InachusMelia
ZeusIoPhoroneus
EpaphusMemphis
LibyaPoseidon
BelusAchiroëAgenorTelephassa
DanausElephantisAegyptusCadmusCilixEuropaPhoenix
MantineusHypermnestraLynceusHarmoniaZeus
Polydorus
SpartaLacedaemonOcaleaAbasAgaveSarpedonRhadamanthus
Autonoë
EurydiceAcrisiusInoMinos
ZeusDanaëSemeleZeus
PerseusDionysus
Colour key:

  Male
  Female
  Deity


NotesEdit

  1. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 244
  2. ^ Apollodorus, 2.2.1; Hyginus, Fabulae 170, De Astronomica 2.18.1
  3. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.25.5
  4. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.673; 5.138 & 5.236
  5. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.607
  6. ^ Bell, Robert E. (1991). Women of Classical Mythology: A Biographical Dictionary. ABC-CLIO. p. 1. ISBN 9780874365818.
  7. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 10.35.1
  8. ^ Strabo, Geographica 9.5.5 p. 431
  9. ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867), "Abas (2)", in Smith, William (ed.), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, pp. 1–2, archived from the original on 2008-07-14, retrieved 2007-08-19
  10. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 273
  11. ^ Virgil, Aeneid 3.286; Statius, Thebaid 2.220 & 4.589; Servius, Commentary on Virgil's Aeneid, 3.286

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Abas". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Argos Succeeded by