Aban ibn Uthman ibn Affan (Arabic: أبان ابن عثمان ابن عفان, romanized: Abān ibn ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān; died 105 AH/723 CE) was a muhaddith, faqīh, mufassir, Muslim historian. He also served a seven-year stint as governor of Medina in 695–702, during the reign of the Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik.
Aban ibn Uthman
أبان بن عثمان
|Umayyad governor of the Hejaz|
|Monarch||Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (r. 685–705)|
|Preceded by||Yahya ibn al-Hakam|
|Succeeded by||Hisham ibn Isma'il al-Makhzumi|
|Known for||Historian and scholar of hadith (traditions and sayings of Muhammad), tafsir (interpretation of the Quran) and fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence)|
Aban was a son of the third Rashidun caliph Uthman (r. 644–656). His mother was Umm Amr bint Jundab ibn Amr al-Dawsiyya of the Azd tribe of Yemen. During the First Fitna, which occurred in the wake of his father’s assassination, Aban fought alongside the forces of A'isha and his Umayyad kinsmen against Caliph Ali (r. 656–661) at the Battle of the Camel in November 656. As A'isha's supporters were on the verge of defeat, Aban fled the battle. Later, the Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik (r. 685–705) appointed Aban governor of Medina in 695 and he continued in the post until being replaced by Hisham ibn Isma'il al-Makhzumi in 702. During his term, he led the funeral prayers, as was customary of the governor, for Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, a son of Ali and leader of the Alid family.
He became incapacitated in 722/23 and died in Medina the following year, in 723/24, during the reign of Caliph Yazid II. Aban does not appear to have been a major political operative of the Umayyads and owes most of his fame for his knowledge of Islamic tradition. He is credited by a number of scholars for authoring the Maghazi (biography) of Muhammad, though the historians Yaqut al-Hamawi and Ahmad al-Tusi credit this work to a certain Aban ibn Uthman ibn Yahya.
Aban had at least two wives. His first, Umm Sa'id bint Abd al-Rahman, a granddaughter of al-Harith ibn Hisham, belonged to the Banu Makhzum clan. She mothered two of Aban's sons, his eldest Sa'id and Abd al-Rahman, and a daughter. His second wife, Umm Kulthum bint Abd Allah was a granddaughter of Ja'far ibn Abi Talib. The names of the descendants of Aban have been recorded in the historical record up to at least 1375 in Egypt, where some of his descendants moved. Others are recorded in the sources in al-Andalus, including his grandson Uthman ibn Marwan and the latter's great-grandson Muhammad ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Ahmad.
- Sayyid Husayn Muhammad Ja'fari. "The Origins and Early Development of Shia Islam". Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- Zetterstéen 1960, p. 2.
- Al-Tabari, ed. Landau-Tasserson 1998, p. 59, n. 263.
- Ahmed 2011, p. 127.
- Ahmed 2011, p. 115.
- Zetterstéen 1960, p. 3.
- Zetterstéen 1960, pp. 2–3.
- Ahmed 2011, p. 128.
- Uzquiza Bartolomé 1994, p. 455.
- Ahmed, Asad Q. (2011). The Religious Elite of the Early Islamic Ḥijāz: Five Prosopographical Case Studies. Occasional Publications UPR. ISBN 978-1-900934-13-8.
- Zetterstéen, K. V. (1960). "Abān ibn ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān". In Gibb, H. A. R.; Kramers, J. H.; Lévi-Provençal, E.; Schacht, J.; Lewis, B. & Pellat, Ch. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume I: A–B. Leiden: E. J. Brill. pp. 2–3. OCLC 495469456.
- Landau-Tasseron, Ella, ed. (1998). The History of al-Ṭabarī, Volume XXXIX: Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and their Successors: al-Ṭabarī's Supplement to his History. SUNY Series in Near Eastern Studies. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-2819-1.
- Uzquiza Bartolomé, Aránzazu (1994). "Otros Linajes Omeyas en al-Andalus". In Marín, Manuela (ed.). Estudios onomástico-biográficos de Al-Andalus: V (in Spanish). Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. pp. 445–462. ISBN 84-00-07415-7.