Aaron Hart (rabbi)

Chief Rabbi Aaron Uri Phoebus Hart (Hebrew: רבי אהרן אורי פײבוש הרט‎;‎ 1670 – 1756) was the first chief rabbi of Great Britain and the rabbi of the Great Synagogue of London from 1704 until his death.

Chief Rabbi

Aaron Hart
Chief Rabbi Aaron Hart.jpg
Mezzotint by James Macardell, 1751
TitleRabbi of the Great Synagogue
Aaron Uri Phoebus Hart

Died1756 (aged 85–86)
Jewish leader
PredecessorPosition established
SuccessorHart Lyon
PositionChief Rabbi
SynagogueGreat Synagogue of London

He was son of Naphtali Hertz of Hamburg (Hartwig Moses Hart), a prosperous Jewish resident of that city. After studying at a yeshiva in Poland, he married the daughter of R. Samuel ben Phoebus of Fürth, author of the Beit Shmuel, a commentary on Eben ha'Ezer. He was appointed rabbi of the first Ashkenazic synagogue in London in 1692.

In 1707 he published Urim ve-Tummim, the first book in Hebrew printed in London.


A portrait of Rabbi Hart hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in London.

External linksEdit

  • "Past Chief Rabbis". ChiefRabbi.org. Archived from the original on 15 February 2012.
  • Bernard Susser. "Light and Leading: The Officials of the Community". Jewish Communities & Records UK. Retrieved 17 March 2007.
  • "Aaron Hart". Jewish Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 28 September 2008.
Jewish titles
Preceded by
New creation
Rabbi of the Great Synagogue
Succeeded by
Hart Lyon