418th Flight Test Squadron
|418th Flight Test Squadron
|Active||1942–1945; 1947–1949; 1959–1962; 1989–present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Force Materiel Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Edwards Air Force Base, California|
|Engagements||European Theater of Operations|
|Decorations||Distinguished Unit Citation|
French Croix de Guerre with Palm
|418th Flight Test Squadron emblem (approved 19 May 1994)|
|418th Bombardment Squadron emblem (approved 9 June 1961)|
|418th Bomb Squadron emblem (approved 4 October 1943)|
|Transport||C-130 Hercules and special operations variants|
|Tanker||KC-135 Stratotanker and special variants|
The first predecessor of the squadron was activated during World War II as a heavy bomber unit. It served in combat in the European Theater of Operations, where it earned a Distinguished Unit Citation and the French Croix de Guerre with Palm for its actions. After V-E Day the squadron returned to the United States and was inactivated at the Port of Embarkation.
The squadron was briefly active in the reserve from 1947 to 1949, but does not appear to have been fully equipped or manned. It served from 1959 to 1962 as a Boeing B-47 Stratojet squadron in Strategic Air Command.
The second predecessor of the squadron was activated in 1989 as the 6518th Test Squadron. The two squadrons were consolidated in 1992 as the 418th Test Squadron and have served in the flight test role.
The 418th performs flight testing on the C-5, C17, KC-10, KC-46, KC-135, KC-46, and partner nation airlift and air refueling aircraft.
World War IIEdit
Established as a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress reconnaissance squadron in January 1942; redesignated as a heavy bomber squadron in April and activated in June. Trained initially under Third Air Force in the southeast; transferring to Second Air Force in the Pacific Northwest. Operated as an Operational Training Unit in the Midwest until being deployed to the European Theater of Operations, being assigned to VIII Bomber Command in England in June 1942.
Engaged in strategic bombardment operations over Occupied Europe and Germany, sustaining very heavy losses of personnel and aircraft while conducting many unescorted missions over enemy territory attacking airfields, industries, naval facilities and transportation hubs. During the summer of 1944, aircrews bombed enemy positions at Saint-Lô, followed by similar campaigns at Brest, France in August and September. In October 1944, the squadron attacked enemy and ground defenses in the allied drive on the Siegfried Line, then bombed marshaling yards, German occupied villages, and communication targets in the Ardennes during the Battle of the Bulge from December 1944 to January 1945. Attacked enemy targets in Germany during the spring of 1945, ending combat operations with the German Capitulation in May 1945.
Remained in Europe as part of the United States Air Forces in Europe occupation forces, dropping food to the people in the west of the Netherlands, and in June transported French Allied former prisoners of war from Austria to France. Demobilizing in England, in December 1945 the squadron inactivated as a paper unit.
Air Force ReserveEdit
Activated in the Air Force Reserve in 1947 at Miami Airport, Florida. Unclear whether or not the unit was manned or equipped; inactivated in 1949 due to budget restrictions.
Strategic Air CommandEdit
From 1958, the Boeing B-47 Stratojet wings of Strategic Air Command (SAC) began to assume an alert posture at their home bases, reducing the amount of time spent on alert at overseas bases. The SAC alert cycle divided itself into four parts: planning, flying, alert and rest to meet General Thomas S. Power's initial goal of maintaining one third of SAC’s planes on fifteen minute ground alert, fully fueled and ready for combat to reduce vulnerability to a Soviet missile strike. To implement this new system B-47 wings reorganized from three to four squadrons. The 418th was activated at Pease Air Force Base as the fourth squadron of the 100th Bombardment Wing. The alert commitment was increased to half the squadron's aircraft in 1962 and the four squadron pattern no longer met the alert cycle commitment, so the squadron was inactivated on 1 January 1962.
Flight Test SquadronEdit
Supported test programs for miscellaneous large aircraft (other than the Edwards-owned Boeing C-135 Stratolifter and Boeing C-137 Stratoliner fleets). Also managed small test programs including the Slingsby T-3 Firefly, Beechcraft T-6 Texan II, and Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules. Gained the Boeing C-17A Globemaster III program from the inactivating 417th Flight Test Squadron in 1995. Added EC-18 and Boeing NKC-135 types from the 452d Flight Test Squadron in a realignment of Edwards flight test squadrons on 1 October 2000. Ceased operating the EC-18s on 24 August 2001 when they were retired.
- 418th Bombardment Squadron
- Constituted as the 28th Reconnaissance Squadron (Heavy) on 28 January 1942
- Redesignated 418th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 22 April 1942
- Activated on 1 June 1942
- Redesignated 418th Bombardment Squadron, Heavy on 20 August 1943
- Inactivated on 19 December 1945
- Redesignated 418th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy on 13 May 1947
- Activated in the reserve on 29 May 1947
- Inactivated on 27 June 1949
- Redesignated 418th Bombardment Squadron, Medium on 1 December 1958
- Activated on 1 March 1959
- Discontinued and inactivated on 1 January 1962
- Consolidated with the 6518th Test Squadron as the 6518th Test Squadron on 1 October 1992
- 418th Flight Test Squadron
- Designated as the 6518th Test Squadron and activated on 10 March 1989
- Consolidated with the 418th Bombardment Squadron on 1 October 1992
- Redesignated 418th Test Squadron on 2 October 1992
- Redesignated 418th Flight Test Squadron on 1 March 1994
- 100th Bombardment Group, 1 June 1942 – 19 December 1945
- 100th Bombardment Group, 29 May 1947 – 27 June 1949
- 100th Bombardment Wing, 1 March 1959 – 1 January 1962
- 6510th Test Wing (later 412th Test Wing), 10 March 1989
- 412th Operations Group, 1 October 1993 – present
- Orlando Army Air Base, Florida 1 June 1942
- Barksdale Field, Louisiana, c. 18 June 1942
- Pendleton Field, Oregon c. 26 June 1942
- Gowen Field, Idaho, 28 August 1942
- Walla Walla Army Air Field, Washington, c. 1 November 1942
- Wendover Field, Utah, c. 30 November 1942
- Sioux City Army Air Base, Iowa, c. 28 December 1942
- Kearney Army Air Field, Nebraska, c. 30 January – May 1943
- RAF Thorpe Abbotts (USAAF Station 139), England, 9 June 1943 – December 1945
- Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, c. 20–21 December 1945
- Miami Army Air Field, Florida, 29 May 1947 – 27 June 1949
- Pease Air Force Base, New Hampshire, 1 March 1959 – 30 April 1966
- Edwards Air Force Base, California, 10 Mar 1989–Present
- Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, 1942–1945
- Boeing B-47 Stratojet, 1959–1961
- Lockheed MC-130H Hercules, 1989–1994
- Lockheed AC-130U Hercules, 1990–1995
- Lockheed C-141 Starlifter, 1993–1998
- Short C-23 Sherpa, 1993–1997
- North American T-39 Sabreliner, 1993–present
- Boeing C-17A Globemaster III, 1995–present
- Lockheed NC-130H Hercules, 1995–present
- Beechcraft C-12 Huron, 1997–present
- Bell Boeing CV-22 Osprey, 2000–present
- EC-18B Stratoliner, Oct 2000 – Aug 2001
- Boeing NKC-135E, 2000–2006
- Boeing KC-135R Stratotanker, 2000–present
- Aircraft is McDonnell Douglas YC-17A Lot I Globemaster III serialo 87-25 manufacturer's number T-1. This aircraft was essentially hand-built in 1990 as the first USAF C-17. The aircraft was planned for retirement to the National Museum of the United States Air Force and arrived there on 25 April 2012.
- Aircraft is Boeing KC-135R Stratotanker serial 61-320. Shown landing after making first ever successful air-to-air refueling with an F-35 on 12 March 2008.
- "Factsheet 418 Flight Test Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 7 April 2008. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
- Schake, p. 220 (note 43)
- "Abstract (Unclassified), History of the Strategic Bomber since 1945 (Top Secret, downgraded to Secret)". Air Force History Index. 1 April 1975. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- Rogers[page needed].
- Station number in Anderson.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947–1977. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- Rogers, Brian. (2005). United States Air Force Unit Designations Since 1978. Hinkley, UK: Midland Publications. ISBN 1-85780-197-0.
- Schake, Col Kurt W. (1998). Strategic Frontier: American Bomber Bases Overseas, 1950–1960 (PDF). Trondheim, Norway: Norwegian University of Science and Technology. ISBN 978-8277650241. Retrieved 27 July 2015.