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3sat is a German free-to-air television channel. Its programming is cultural-centred. It was launched on 1 December 1984.

3sat
3sat 2019.svg
Launched1 December 1984; 34 years ago (1984-12-01)
NetworkZDF, ORF, SRG SSR, ARD
Picture format720p HDTV
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
Audience share1.4% (Germany) (January 2018 (2018-01), KEK)
SloganAnders Fernsehen
CountryGermany
LanguageGerman
Broadcast areaGermany, Austria, Switzerland
HeadquartersMainz, Germany
ReplacedZDF 2
Websitewww.3sat.de
Availability
Terrestrial
Digital terrestrial televisionChannel slots vary within location
Digital terrestrial television (Austria)Channel slots vary within location
Satellite
Astra 1KR (Americas, Europe, North Africa)11347 V / 22000 / 2/3 (HD / FTA)
Astra 1N (Americas,Europe, North Africa)11954 H / 27500 / 3/4 (SD / FTA)
DStv (Africa)Channel 445
Yes (Israel)Channel 121
Cable
Kabel DeutschlandChannel 109 (SD)
Channel 121 (HD)
Cablecom (Switzerland)Channel 44 (digital CH-D)
Naxoo (Switzerland)Channel 157
ComHem (Sweden)Channel 210
MC Cable (Monaco)Channel 138
YouSee (Denmark)Channel 188
DNA Oy (Finland)Channel 367
IPTV
Telekom EntertainChannel 12 (HD)
A1 TV (Austria)Channel 23 (SD)
Channel 323 (HD)
Streaming media
3sat.deWatch live

Contents

HistoryEdit

3sat was established to broadcast cultural programmes, originally by satellite. The network was founded as a cooperative network by Germany's ZDF, Austria's ORF and Switzerland's SRG SSR (formerly SRG SSR idée suisse). 3sat began broadcasting on 1 December 1984. ZDF leads the cooperative, though decisions are reached through consensus of the cooperative's partners.

In 1990, DFF, television broadcaster of the German Democratic Republic became a cooperative member of 3sat, and a name change to 4sat was considered. Eventually it was decided to keep the original 3sat name. DFF's membership of 3sat was dissolved on 31 December 1991, as DFF itself ceased to exist, in accordance with Germany's Unification Treaty.

On 1 December 1993, ARD joined 3sat as a cooperative member. This followed ARD's creation of its own satellite channel, Eins Plus. 3sat is available on the European Astra satellites at 19.2° east, on cable television, and in Austria and Germany on digital terrestrial television.

In 2003, 3sat was available in 40 million households in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, and 85.5 million households across Europe. Since June 2003 3sat has been using a new on-air look and logo. The logo has a red rectangle surrounding a number three.

In 2005, 3sat and n-tv were criticised for broadcasting TV shows which were funded by relief organizations such as World Vision Deutschland and Christoffel Blindenmission.

In 2008, the programs nano and Kulturzeit received a new on-air look and a new studios. At the "Eyes & Ears of Europe Awards", the design of Kulturzeit's studio was awarded first prize in the category "Best Study Design" at Medientage München in 2008.

In 2009 3sat had a market share of 1.1% in Germany, 1.9% in Austria and 1.2% in Switzerland.

As a result of ZDF's spending for the then-new ZDFkultur, 2011 saw the end of many long-term 3sat broadcasts such as 3satbörse, Foyer, the computer and internet magazine neues, the animal show Arche Noah, the legal magazine Recht brisant, Vivo and others.

On 1 April 2017, the Direktion Europäische Satellitenprogramme, which was responsible for 3sat and Arte programs, was dissolved. It was replaced by joint editorial teams with the other ZDF channels.[1]

LogosEdit

Audience shareEdit

GermanyEdit

January February March April May June July August September October November December Annual average
1992[2] - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1993[3] - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.8%
1994[4] - - - - - - - - - - - -   1.0%
1995[5] - - - - - - - - - - - -   0.9%
1996[6] 0.9% 0.8% 0.9% 0.8% 0.8% 0.8% 1.1% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9%
1997[7] 1.0% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.8% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9%
1998[8] 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9%
1999[9] 1.0% 1.0% 0.9% 0.8% 1.0% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 0.8% 0.8% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9%
2000[10] 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 0.8% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9%
2001[11] 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 0.8% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9%
2002[12] 1.0% 0.8% 0.9% 0.8% 0.9% 0.8% 0.8% 0.8% 0.9% 0.8% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9%
2003[13] 1.0% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 1.0% 1.0%   1.0%
2004[14] 1.0% 1.0% 0.9% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 1.0%
2005[15] 1.0% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 1.0%
2006[16] 1.1% 1.0% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 1.0% 0.9% 1.0% 1.2% 1.0%
2007[17] 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.1% 1.0% 1.0% 1.1% 1.0% 1.0% 1.1% 1.3% 1.0%
2008[18] 1.3% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.1% 1.0% 1.1% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.1% 1.2%   1.1%
2009[19] 1.3% 1.2% 1.1% 1.1% 1.1% 1.1% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 0.9% 1.0% 1.2% 1.1%
2010[20] 1.1% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 1.1% 0.8% 0.8% 0.9% 0.8% 0.9% 1.1% 1.2%   1.0%
2011[21] 1.0% 1.0% 1.1% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 0.8% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 1.3% 1.0%
2012[22] 1.1% 1.1% 1.1% 1.0% 1.0% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 1.0% 1.3% 1.0%
2013[23] 1.2% 1.1% 1.0% 1.0% 1.1% 1.1% 1.0% 1.1% 1.0% 1.0% 1.1% 1.2%   1.1%
2014[24] 1.1% 1.1% 1.1% 1.1% 1.2% 1.1% 1.1% 1.2% 1.1% 1.0% 1.1% 1.3% 1.1%
2015[25] 1.2% 1.1% 1.1% 1.0% 1.1% 1.1% 1.1% 1.2% 1.1% 1.1% 1.2% 1.4% 1.1%
2016[26] 1.2% 1.2% 1.2% 1.1% 1.2% 1.1% 1.1% 1.2% 1.2% 1.1% 1.3% 1.5%   1.2%
2017[27] 1.3% 1.3% 1.1% 1.3% 1.2% 1.2% 1.2% 1.2% 1.2% 1.3% 1.3% 1.6%   1.3%
2018[28] 1.4% 1.4% 1.3% 1.2% 1.2% 1.2% 1.4%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ZDF lockt 3sat-Koordination bei Norbert Himmler an". www.dwdl.de (in German).
  2. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1992" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  3. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1993" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  4. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1994" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  5. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1995" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  6. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1996" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  7. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1997" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  8. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1998" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  9. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1999" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  10. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2000" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  11. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2001" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  12. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2002" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  13. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2003" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  14. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2004" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  15. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2005" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  16. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2006" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  17. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2007" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  18. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2008" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  19. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2009" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  20. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2010" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  21. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2011" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  22. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2012" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  23. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2013" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  24. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2014" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  25. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2015" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  26. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2016" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
  27. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2017" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
  28. ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2018 01" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 August 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2018.

External linksEdit