32nd Marines Brigade (Greece)

The 32nd Marines Brigade (Greek: 32 ΤΑΞ ΠΝ - 32η Ταξιαρχία Πεζοναυτών Mοράβας, romanized32 TAX PN - 32 Taxiarhia Pezonavton Moravas) is the marines unit of Hellenic Republic. The brigade is based at the port town of Volos in Thessaly, and its primary role is infantry and amphibious operations on the numerous islands off the Greek coast. Unlike other countries, the Greek Marines form part of the Army, while the landing craft and naval equipment are provided by the Hellenic Navy.

32nd Marines Brigade "Moravas"
32η Ταξιαρχία Πεζοναυτών "Μοράβας"
Camp flag of the 32nd Marines Brigade
1967-present as a naval infantry unit
Country Greece
Branch Hellenic Army
RoleAir assault
Amphibious reconnaissance
Amphibious warfare
Anti-aircraft warfare
Anti-tank warfare
Armoured warfare
Artillery observer
CBRN defense
Close-quarters combat
Combined arms
Counter-battery fire
Desert warfare
Engineer reconnaissance
Fire support
Force protection
Indirect fire
Intelligence assessment
Maneuver warfare
Military engineering
Military logistics
Mountain warfare
Naval boarding
Special reconnaissance
Urban warfare
SizeBrigade (5 Battalions)
Part ofI Infantry Division
Spanish–Italian Amphibious Battlegroup
Garrison/HQVolos, Thessaly
Motto(s)Courage is Necessary
Θαρσεῖν Χρή
(Theocritus, Idylls)[1]
AnniversariesFoundation in 1919
EngagementsGreco-Turkish War (1919-1922)
World War II Greek Civil War

History edit

The unit traces its ancestry to the 32nd Infantry Regiment, formed in Preveza in 1919, then belonging to the 8th Infantry Division. It took part in the Greco-Turkish War as part of the Kydoniai Division and the 5th Infantry Division, and later in the Greco-Italian War during the Second World War. After the occupation of Greece by the Germans, it was disbanded. In 1959 the Regiment was raised anew as the 132nd Light Infantry Regiment and moved to Attica as a reserve unit, but in 1967 was reorganized as a Marines unit under the name 32nd Marines Regiment.

In January 1988, after the disbandment of the unified 3rd Special Forces Division, the unit was enlarged to brigade size. It is currently placed under the II Army Corps as part of the Greek Rapid Reaction Force.

The 32nd Marines Brigade was established in 1988 after the reorganization of the Special Forces Command.

The 32nd Marines Brigade has engaged in many trainings with the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit and French marines.[2][3]

Uniform and unit insignia edit

Greek marines in 2009

All Marines wear the standard-issue Greek Lizard camouflage BDUs of the Hellenic Army. Members of the 32nd Marines Brigade originally wore the blue beret, but this was changed to the green beret in 2001 because of its Special Forces role.[4] The blue beret was, subsequently, issued to infantry units.

The unit insignia depicts the Argo, the ship of Jason and the Argonauts, and is representative of the first recorded Greek marine expedition. Brigade HQ is based at Volos, near the ancient Thessalian port city of Iolcos, from where the Argonauts embarked on their mission to retrieve the Golden Fleece. The unit flash is emblazoned with ΔΥΝΑΜΕΙΣ ΠΕΖΟΝΑΥΤΩΝ Dynamis Pezonavton (Marine Forces).

The unit motto is Courage Is Necessary (Greek: ΘΑΡΣΕΙΝ ΧΡΗ - Tharsin Hri), is officially attributed to the Goddess Athena, through the mouth of Odysseus, as words of encouragement to the Greek forces besieging the city of Troy.[5] However, it actually stems from Theocritus' Idylls and is unrelated to Homer.[6]

Structure of the
32nd Marines Brigade

Structure edit

32nd Marines Brigade "Moravas" in Volos, Thessaly
  • Headquarters Company (Λόχος Διοικήσεως, ΛΔ/32ης ΤΑΞ ΠΝ)
  • 505th Marines Battalion-Training Center (505o Τάγμα Πεζοναυτών, 505ο ΤΠΝ
    • Command company, three Marine companies, Support company
  • 521st Marines Battalion (521o Τάγμα Πεζοναυτών, 521ο ΤΠΝ)
    • Command company, three Marine companies, Support company
  • 575th Marines Battalion (575o Τάγμα Πεζοναυτών, 575ο ΤΠΝ)
    • Command company, three Marine companies, Support company
  • 32nd Medium Tank Squadron (32η Ίλη Μέσων Αρμάτων, 32η ΙΜΑ)
    • Four tank platoons, with a total of 17 Leopard 1A5 tanks
  • 32nd Field Artillery Battalion (32η Μοίρα Πεδινού Πυροβολικού)
    • Command battery and three fire batteries, with a total of 12 Μ109 howitzers
  • 32nd Marines Engineers Company (32ος Λόχος Μηχανικού, 32 ΛΜΧ)
  • 32nd Light Air Artillery Battery (32 Πυροβολαρχία Ελαφρού Αντι-Αεροπορικού Πυροβολικού, 32η ΠΕΑ/ΑΠ)
  • 32nd Signals Company (32ος Λόχος Διαβιβάσεων, 32ος ΛΔΒ)
  • 32nd Support Battalion (32ο Τάγμα Υποστήριξης, 32ο ΤΥΠ)

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ https://www.greek-language.gr/digitalResources/ancient_greek/library/browse.html?text_id=140&page=16
  2. ^ "Exercise Odyssey Encore: 26th MEU(SOC) and 32nd Hellenic Marine Brigade Live Fire". DVIDS. Retrieved 2024-02-18.
  3. ^ Σκουλαράκος, Βασίλης (2022-09-30). "Ελλάς – Γαλλία: Συμμαχία - «θηλιά» στο λαιμό του Ερντογάν - Η εντυπωσιακή απόβαση – μήνυμα στη Σκύρο". Newsbomb (in Greek). Retrieved 2024-02-18.
  4. ^ "A NEW STAR IS BORN: MEET THE HELLENIC JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND". sofrep.com. 5 July 2019. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  5. ^ "Έμβλημα Μονάδων Πεζοναυτών | Army gr". army.gr. Retrieved 2023-04-18.
  6. ^ "ΘΕΟΚΡΙΤΟΣ: Εἰδύλλια". www.greek-language.gr. Retrieved 2023-04-18.