31st Illinois Infantry Regiment

The 31st Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, nicknamed the "Dirty-First," was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

31st Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry
Flag of Illinois.svg
Illinois state flag
ActiveSeptember 18, 1861, to July 24, 1865
CountryUnited States
EngagementsBattle of Belmont
Battle of Fort Donelson
Battle of Champion Hill
Battle of Big Black River
Siege of Vicksburg
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Battle of Atlanta
Battle of Jonesboro
March to the Sea


The 31st Illinois Infantry was organized at Jacksonville, Illinois and mustered into Federal service at Cairo, Illinois, on September 18, 1861. Among the early officers was Major Andrew J. Kuykendall, later a U.S. Representative and Illinois State Senator.

The regiment was mustered out on July 19, 1865, and discharged at Springfield, Illinois, on July 31, 1865.

Total strength and casualtiesEdit

The regiment suffered 9 officers and 166 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds and 1 officer and 293 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 471 fatalities.[1]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/unilinf3.htm#31st The Civil War Archive website after Dyer, Frederick Henry. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 vols. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
  2. ^ http://www.rootsweb.com/~ilcivilw/f&s/031-fs.htm Illinois in the Civil War website after Illinois Adjutant General's muster rolls