24th Army (Soviet Union)

The 24th Army was a field army of the Soviet Union's Red Army, formed in 1941 and active during the Second World War. The army was disbanded and reformed a number of times during the war.

24th Army (1941-1943)
Active1 July 1941 – 13 April 1943
CountrySoviet Union
BranchRed Army
Part ofI Formation
Siberian Military District
Reserve Front
Western Front
II Formation
Moscow Military District
Moscow Defense Zone
III Formation
Southern Front
North Caucasus Front
Transcaucasian Front
IV Formation
Stalingrad Front
Don Front
Steppe Military District
EngagementsYelnya Offensive
Vyazma Defensive Operation
Battle of Stalingrad
See List

First FormationEdit

The army headquarters, formed from Headquarters Siberian Military District; under General Staff instructions of 25 June 1941 arrived on 28 June 1941 at Vyazma, accepting on arrival in this area six Siberian rifle divisions of the high command reserve (RVGK). Involved in the Yelnya Offensive, August–September 1941. Headquarters disbanded 10 October 1941, having been destroyed in the Vyazma Pocket.

Composition on 1 September 1941:[1]

Second FormationEdit

Reformed from 9 December 1941 to 4 January 1942 when it was redesignated as 1st Reserve Army (II).[3][4] The army was assigned the 385th Rifle Division for less than a month. The army remained in the Moscow Defense Zone through April 1942 with no assigned forces.

Third FormationEdit

Reformed again on 20 May 1942, from an Operational Group under the command of Major General Aleksei Grechkin[5] while assigned to the Southern Front. The army was concentrated in the area of Salsk, Rostov Oblast. The army was then transferred to the North Caucasus Front on 28 July. In early August the units assigned were transferred to the 12th and 37th Armies, and its headquarters relocated to Grozny, Chechen Republic, Soviet Union, where it was assigned to the Transcaucasian Front. The army was disbanded on 23 August and the headquarters personnel were used to form the 58th Army (II) on August 28, 1942;[6]

Composition on 1 June 1942:[7]

73rd Rifle Division
140th Rifle Division
228th Rifle Division
255th Rifle Division
1660th Sapper Battalion
1663rd Sapper Battalion

On 1 August only the Sapper Battalions remained assigned to the Army.[8]

Fourth FormationEdit

Soon afterwards reformed again as part of the Stalingrad front from 9th Reserve Army on 1 September 1942. The army participated in the Battle of Stalingrad as part of both the Stalingrad and Don Fronts. In March–April 1943 relocated to the Voronezh area and was assigned to the Steppe Military District as part of the STAVKA reserves for rebuilding. Was redesignated 4th Guards Army in May 1943.


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Marchand, Vol 1 pp 88-89
  2. ^ Marchand, Vol 2 pp 9-10
  3. ^ List No.2; Appendix No. 3 to General Staff Directive No. D-043 of 1970
  4. ^ Marchand, Vol II and IV
  5. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "Aleksei Grechkin". Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  6. ^ David Glantz, personal correspondence, December 2007
  7. ^ Marchand, vol V, pg 98
  8. ^ Marchand, vol VI, pg 95
  9. ^ Marchand, Vol VII, pg 27
  10. ^ Marchand, Vol XI, pg 47
  11. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "Stepan Kalinin". Generals.dk. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  12. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "Konstantin Rakutin". Generals.dk. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  13. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "Generals.dk". Generals.dk. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  14. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "Iakov Broud". Generals.dk. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  15. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "Ilia Smirnov". Generals.dk. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  16. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "Vladimir Martsinkevich". Generals.dk. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  17. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "Vasilii Khomenko". Generals.dk. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  18. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "Dimitri Kozlov". Generals.dk. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  19. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "Ivan Galanin". Generals.dk. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  20. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "Aleksandr Gorbatov". Generals.dk. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  21. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "German Tarasov". Generals.dk. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  22. ^ Ammentorp, Steen. "Grigorii Kulik". Generals.dk. Retrieved 3 August 2013.


  • List No. 2, Appendix No. 3 to General Staff Directive No D-043of 1970.
  • Marchand, Jean-Luc. Order of Battle Soviet Army World War 2. The Nafziger Collection, 24 Volumes