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Transcaucasian Front or Transcaucasus Front (Russian: Закавказский Фронт) was a front of the Soviet Red Army—a military formation comparable to an army group, not a geographic military front—during the Second World War.
|Active||23 August 1941 - 30 December 1941|
15 May 1942 - 25 August 1945
|Type||Army Group Command|
|Engagements||World War II|
Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran
Battle of the Caucasus
The Transcaucasus Front describes two distinct organizations during the war.
The first version was created on 23 August 1941 from the Transcaucasus Military District, which was originally formed in 1922. The boundary of the Front extended along the Soviet border with Turkey and along the Black Sea coast from Batumi to Tuapse.
It was commanded by Lieutenant-General Dmitry Kozlov from August 1941 to December 1941.
On 22 June 1941, when the German invasion started, the Transcaucasus Military District included the 3rd, 24th, and 40th Rifle Corps, the 28th Mechanised Corps, two cavalry divisions (the 17th Mountain and the 24th) and three separate rifle divisions (the 63rd, 76th, and 77th). Also part of the District were three fortified regions and District troops, which included artillery and NKVD frontier units.
The initial Front organization incorporated the four Soviet armies stationed in the district in June 1941:
Order of Battle, Invasion of Iran, 1941Edit
Here is the Soviet OOB for 25 August 1941:
- 20th Mountain Rifle Division
- 77th Mountain Rifle Division
- 17th Cavalry Division
- 24th Tank Regiment
- 63rd Mountain Rifle Division
- 76th Mountain Rifle Division
- 236th Rifle Division
- 6th Tank Division
- 54th Tank Division
- 13th Motorcycle Regiment
The second version of this front was again created from the Transcaucasus Military District on 15 May 1942, and continued in existence until its reorganization as the Tbilisi Military District on 25 August 1945 after the end of the war.
- Orbat.com/Niehorster, Administrative Order of Battle, Transcaucasus Military District, 22 June 1941
- The Forum of the 1.Jagdmoroner Abteilung Archived 2007-10-07 at the Wayback Machine