2020 Karak temple attack

On December 31, 2020 the Samadhi of Shri Paramhans Ji Maharaj, a revered Hindu saint and the Krishna Dwara temple situated in the Teri village in the Karak District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan was attacked and burned,[1] by a mob of 1,500 local Muslims led by a local Islamic cleric and the supporters of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam party.[2] Following the incident, in order to avoid similar attack on worship places of minorites the "Protection of the Rights of Religious Minorities Bill" was introduced in the Senate of Pakistan. But it was also turned down by the Senate Standing Committee on Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony chaired by Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) (JUI-F) senator Abdul Ghafoor Haideri.[3]

HistoryEdit

The Guru Paramhans Dayal is a revered Hindu saint. In July 1919, he was buried in Teri village of Karak District, where his samadi and the Krishna Dwara Mandir temple were built. Following the Partition of India and Pakistan, the temple was closed in 1947.[4] In 1997, the temple was attacked and was demolished. In 2015, the Supreme Court of Pakistan ordered to restore the Shri Paramhans Ji Maharaj's Samadhi and Krishna Dwara temple.[1]

IncidentEdit

As a part of renovation, the temple was planned to expand and the house had been bought. This irked many locals and Islamist party supporters. In December 2020, mob of around 1,500 local Muslims led by a Islamic cleric and supporters of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam party attacked the temple and set fire to it.[2][5] The extremists also posted video of them attacking the temple on social media.[5] Advocate Rohit Kumar, a representative of the Hindu community said that the temple restoration did not exceed the agreed area and that attackers violated the agreement by vandalising the temple.[1]

ResponseEdit

Pakistan's Human Rights Minister Shireen Mazari,[4] Federal Parliamentary Secretary for Human Rights Lal Chand Malhi,[1] Religious affairs minister Noor-ul-Haq Qadri[2] condemned the temple attack. The Rimmel Mohydin, Pakistan campaigner at Amnesty International said that the destruction of the temple in an example of the persistent discrimination faced by the beleaguered Hindu community in Pakistan. The president of Pakistan Hindu Council, Gopal Kamuany criticized the local administratives for silently watching the temple descretion.[5]

The Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan condemned the attack and tweeted that “I want to warn our people that anyone in Pakistan targeting our non-Muslim citizens or their places of worship will be dealt with strictly. Our minorities are equal citizens of this country,”. In Karachi, the Hindu community held a protest outside the Supreme Court.[2]

Indian ministry of External Affairs expressed "serious concerns” over the temple attack and asked Pakistan prime minister Imran Khan to take action.[6] Nepali citizens protested outside the Pakistan embassy in Kathmandu against the temple descretion.[7]

Legal ResponseEdit

26 people including the local cleric were arrested.[5] Later 45 more people were arrested. FIR was registered against over 350 people.[8] Eight police officials were suspended.[9] On January 5, 2021, the Pakistan Supreme Court ordered the reconstruction of the vandalised temple.[10]

Following the incident, a new bill "Protection of the Rights of Religious Minorities Bill" was introduced in the Senate of Pakistan. However, it was turned down by the Senate Standing Committee on Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony chaired by Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) (JUI-F) senator Abdul Ghafoor Haideri. The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) Senator Krishna Kumari Kolhi walked out of the Senate during the meeting as a form of protest.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Imtiaz Ahmad (31 December 2020). "Hindu temple in Pakistan vandalised, set on fire". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d "Pakistan arrests more than a dozen over Hindu temple attack". Aljazeera. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Senate panel 'turns down' bill on minorities rights". The Tribune. 2 February 2021. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b Basit Gilani (30 December 2020). "Historic Hindu temple set ablaze in KP's Karak". SAMAA. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d "26 Arrested After Hindu Temple Torched By Mob In Pakistan: Report". NDTV. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  6. ^ "India seeks action for attack on Hindu temple in Pakistan". The Hindu. 1 January 2021. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Nepali citizens express anger over desecration of Hindu shrines, persecution of minorities in Pakistan". Business World. 28 January 2021. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  8. ^ "45 more arrested over attack on Hindu temple in northwest Pakistan". Business Standard. 3 January 2021. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  9. ^ "Eight police officials suspended over attack on Hindu temple in Pakistan". 3 January 2021. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Pakistan Supreme Court Orders Reconstruction of Vandalised Hindu Temple". The Wire. 5 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.

Coordinates: 33°17′41″N 71°06′07″E / 33.2946°N 71.1019°E / 33.2946; 71.1019