2017 Baduria riots

Baduria riot refers to incidents of communal violence in the Baduria town in Basirhat subdivision of the North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal state of India.

2017 Baduria riots
Date2 July 2017
Location
22°40′N 88°53′E / 22.66°N 88.89°E / 22.66; 88.89Coordinates: 22°40′N 88°53′E / 22.66°N 88.89°E / 22.66; 88.89
Caused byFacebook post by a 11 Class student
MethodsProtesting, rioting, rock throwing, looting, arson, mobbing
Casualties
Death(s)1[1][2]
Injuries23[3]
Arrested71[4]
Basirhat subdivision is located in West Bengal
Basirhat subdivision
Basirhat subdivision
Location of the riots in West Bengal, India

BackgroundEdit

Tensions started rising after a social media post on Islamic prophet Muhammad and Kaaba by a 17-year-old student named Souvik Sarkar of Class XI on 2 July 2017. The images were seen as objectionable and went viral in Baduria. He was later arrested.[5] It is claimed that this violence was an outcome of local outrage of the Muslim groups, but according to some news sources and local media, villagers of Baduria, Basirhat and of its neighborhood claimed the rioters were outsiders.[6][7][8][9]

RiotsEdit

Following the post made on 2 July by the school boy, a mob of an estimated 5,000 people blockaded the Baduria police station, demanding that the accused be brought before the crowd. The post also resulted in an arson attack on the accused's house. He was arrested on the evening of 3 July 2017. The Muslim religious leaders of the area tried to pacify the rioters and urged them to retreat.[10] However, the mob continued their vandalism, demanding the accused be handed over to them.[11][12][13]

The Baduria police station was attacked and set ablaze along with several police vehicles on the night of 3 July.[14][15] A violent mob put up road blockades at several places and attacked members of other community, besides destroying many shops.[16][17]

Muslim mobs set upon shops and houses belonging to Hindus in Baduria, Swarupnagar and Taki.[18] Rath Yatras at several places were attacked.[11] Violent clashes were triggered between the two communities of Basirhat.[19] The Union government deployed four Border Security Force (BSF) companies containing a total of 400 personnel to check the violence in the region. Section 144 was imposed while the internet services were suspended.[20] In retaliatory attacks on 6 July, Hindu mobs attacked a dargah and vandalised shops and houses in addition to clashing with the police.[21]

About 25 people including 20 policemen were reported to have been injured in the violence.[22] The house and party office of a local TMC MLA Dipendu Biswas was also set on fire by the rioters.[23] A 65 year old died after being stabbed by the rioter mobs in the clashes while trying to return home. His son saved another villager, Fazlul Islam, whom he brought to hospital along with his father.[24][25][26]

During this riot, while Muslim mobs attacked house of the main accused, Souvik Sarkar, Muslim neighbors were seen calling fire service and protecting his home,[27][28][29][30] where leaders of the local Muslim community tried to pacify the riot which proved to be a failed attempt.[31][32] Later, as sign of religious harmony, local Muslim community pooled money to help the affected Hindu neighbors targeted in this riot,[33][34][35] and both communities joined to restore normalcy in this area.[36]

Fake news and provocative statementsEdit

Vijeta Malik who is reported to be the Haryana State Executive Member of BJP allegedly posted a well-known scene of a Bhojpuri movie Aurat Khilona Nahi and cited it as an incident in Baduaria clashes where Hindu women were severely abused and the crowd just watched.[37][38][39] This fake news went viral. Despite several appeals from Kolkata and West Bengal Police,[40][41] sharing of fake news continued and tensions were exacerbated.

One Kolkata-based Bhabotosh Chatterjee, was arrested for sharing fake news and spreading communal hatred over the internet,[42] and another three were held for spreading fake news via multiple social media profiles.[43] In July, two FIRs[clarification needed] were lodged against a Delhi-based BJP leader Nupur Sharma for sharing fake news[44][45] while the BJP IT cell secretary Tarun Sengupta was arrested in Asansol for posting ‘fake’ video on social media.[46][47] The West Bengal Government ordered a judiciary inquiry on the fake news propaganda and the causes of the Baduria incident.[48][49] While responding to a PIL[clarification needed] filed in the Calcutta High Court, the State stated that around 71 people had been arrested and a total of 86 cases had been registered with the police in this matter.[50]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bengal violence over FB post: Man dies of stab wounds, clashes erupt in Basirhat". hindustantimes. 6 July 2017.
  2. ^ "West Bengal riots: Politicians stopped from visiting Basirhat slam TMC govt - News Nation". 8 July 2017.
  3. ^ "Fresh Violence In West Bengal's Basirhat After Police Lathicharge, Several Injured: 10 Updates". NDTV.com.
  4. ^ "West Bengal communal riots: Situation in Basirhat under control and normal, says Mamata Banerjee govt". firstpost.com.
  5. ^ "FB post, communal violence leave West Bengal town divided, scarred". Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  6. ^ "Basirhat: Media's overblown reports belie deep Hindu-Muslim amity in violence-torn West Bengal region". Firstpost. 2017-07-13. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  7. ^ "What is behind the religious violence in India's West Bengal?". BBC News. 2017-07-11. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  8. ^ "The Biggest Stories of July 09, 2017". www.msn.com. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  9. ^ "A boy's blasphemy triggers communal tinderbox on the border". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  10. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/bengal-violence-basirhat-s-muslim-leaders-tried-to-pacify-the-rioting-mob-but-couldn-t/story-8O6XTqN3yhsvKlfYSDK2aK.html
  11. ^ a b "Bengal violence: Basirhat's Muslim leaders tried to pacify the rioting mob, but couldn't". Hindustan times. Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  12. ^ "Facebook post snowballs into communal flare-up in Bengal". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  13. ^ "Baduria turns into battlefield over FB post". The Asian Age. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  14. ^ "Baduria violence: MHA seeks reports from WB Govt". Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Baduria communal clashes LIVE Updates: Army deployed in North 24 Parganas after police vehicles, shops set on fire in Basirhat of West Bengal". The Financial Express. 5 July 2017.
  16. ^ "Communal clashes in West Bengal, state government rushes paramilitary troops - Times of India". The Times of India.
  17. ^ "Violence in Bengal over FB post; Mamata alleges Governor threat". 4 July 2017.
  18. ^ "Violence in Bengal over FB post; Mamata alleges Governor threat". Hindustan Times.
  19. ^ "Violence in Bengal over FB post; Mamata alleges Governor threat". Indian Express.
  20. ^ "WB: Section 144 imposed in Basirhat post violent clashes over Facebook post". Deccan Chronicle.
  21. ^ "Baduria communal clashes: Rajnath Singh seeks report from West Bengal govt". Hindustan Times.
  22. ^ "Social media posts trigger seven communal riots in month in West Bengal". The Asian Age. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  23. ^ "West Bengal: Women at forefront of Basirhat violence". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  24. ^ http://www.india.com/bengali/west-bengal/baduria-tension-kartik-ghosh-death-kartik-ghoshs-son-saved-a-minority-man/
  25. ^ "Bengal violence over FB post: Man dies of stab wounds, clashes erupt in Basirhat". Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  26. ^ "West Bengal: Basirhat tense as BJP worker succumbs to injuries from clash". Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  27. ^ "Basirhat riot: How Bengal is different and why it still gives hope". www.dailyo.in. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  28. ^ "Amirul saves Souvik, as Baduria fights back for peace - enewsroom". enewsroom. 2017-07-07. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  29. ^ desk, Kolkata24x7 News. "Amirul, Rafikul Supports Souvik Amid Ongoing Baduria Violence". english.kolkata24x7.com. Archived from the original on 2017-09-29. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  30. ^ Bureau, Political. "Kolkata24x7 | দমকলে খবর দেয় মকসুদ, শৌভিককে বুক দিয়ে আগলে রেখেছিলেন আমিরুল". www.kolkata24x7.com. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  31. ^ "Bengal violence: Basirhat's Muslim leaders tried to pacify the rioting mob, but couldn't". hindustantimes.com/. 2017-07-08. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  32. ^ "Muslim doctor, Hindu compounder spread message of peace in violence-hit Basirhat". hindustantimes.com/. 2017-07-10. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  33. ^ "In Wake of Riots, Muslims in Basirhat Pool Money to Help Hindus". The Quint. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  34. ^ "Baduria, Basirhat riot: How Muslims pooled money to help Hindus targeted by rioters". The Financial Express. 2017-07-09. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  35. ^ "দুঃস্বপ্ন ভুলে ছন্দে বসিরহাট -Eisamay". Eisamay (in Bengali). 2017-07-11. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  36. ^ "After Clashes Disturbed Their Lives, Hindu-Muslim Join Hands in Basirhat". News18. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  37. ^ "Fake alert: BJPs Vijeta Malik posts image from Bhojpuri film to show plight of Hindus in West Bengal". Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  38. ^ "BJP leader posts scene from Bhojpuri film, says this is 'plight of Hindus' in West Bengal". Firstpost. 2017-07-08. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  39. ^ "BJP Haryana leader Vijeta Malik shares Bhojpuri movie still to show 'plight of Hindus' in West Bengal | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. 2017-07-07. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  40. ^ "No fake news please: Kolkata Police arrest rumour monger who morphed Bhojpuri film scene to spread hate | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. 2017-07-08. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  41. ^ "Riot-hit Basirhat tense but under control: Official". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  42. ^ "West Bengal communal riots: One arrested for sharing fake image, inciting violence". The Indian Express. 2017-07-09. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  43. ^ "Arrested trio have many online profiles - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  44. ^ "BJP leader booked for fake posts". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  45. ^ "BJP leader booked for 'sharing fake pictures of Baduria clashes'". The Indian Express. 2017-07-11. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  46. ^ "BJP IT cell secy held in Asansol for posting 'fake' video on social media". hindustantimes.com/. 2017-07-12. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  47. ^ "भोजपुरी फिल्म के सीन को बताया बंगाल की हिंसा, आरोपी भाजपा नेता गिरफ्तार". outlookhindi.com/. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  48. ^ "West Bengal riots: CM Mamata announces judicial probe, attacks BJP". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
  49. ^ "Bengal to order judicial inquiry into Baduria-Basirhat incident: Mamata". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
  50. ^ "West Bengal communal riots: Situation in Basirhat under control and normal, says Mamata Banerjee govt". Retrieved 2017-07-24.