2015–16 Haitian parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Haiti on 9 August 2015, with a second round planned initially on 25 October.[1][2] Two-thirds of the Senate and all members of the Chamber of Deputies were up for election.

2015–16 Haitian parliamentary election

← 2010–11 9 August 2015 (first round)
25 October 2015 (second round)
20 November 2016 (second round)
2019 →

The second round of the parliamentary elections that has been suspended in 2015 should take place in October 2016, along with the first round for a third of the Senate and the first round of the whole new presidential election.[3]

According to international observers, early rounds of voting have experienced significant fraud, including people voting more than once due to failure of indelible ink, vote buying due to lack of secrecy, poor training of election workers, poor tracking of political parties, and other problems.[4] This has resulted in the nullification of some results and scheduling of re-runs. The United States has withdrawn funding for the October 2016 round, though it financially supported previous rounds and observation by the Organization of American States.[5]

Electoral systemEdit

The 99 members of the Chamber of Deputies are elected in single-member constituencies using the two-round system; a second round will be held if no candidate wins a majority of the vote in the first round.[6] The second round will be held together with local elections and the first round of the presidential election.[1][2] In March 2015 a new electoral decree stated that the new Chamber of Deputies have 118 members, and the Senate will retain the 30 members.[7] On 13 March, President Martelly issued a decree that split the Cerca La Source in two constituencies, and therefore increasing the number of deputies up to 119.[8]

One-third of the 30-member Senate is elected every two years, also using the two-round system.[9] However, the previous scheduled Senate elections in May 2012 were not held, meaning two-thirds of the seats are due for elections in 2015.[10]

The Haitian election calendar were made as follows:

Date Election
9 August 2015 First round of parliamentary election (cancelled in 22 constituencies)
First round of Senate two-thirds election
25 October 2015 Second round of parliamentary election (constituencies that hadn't cancelled the 9 August election)
First round of parliamentary election (22 constituencies that cancelled the 9 August election)
Second round of Senate two-thirds election
24 April 2016 (cancelled)[11] Second round of presidential election
Second round of parliamentary election (22 constituencies that cancelled the 9 August election and 2 that will have to repeat the October second round)
First round of Senate one-third election[12][13]
9 October 2016 (postponed due to Hurricane Matthew)[14]
20 November 2016[15]

CampaignEdit

A total of 2,037 candidates registered to contest the elections, representing 98 different political parties. However, 522 candidates were disqualified in a first instance, leaving 186 candidates for the Senate and 1,329 for the Chamber of Deputies. The Provisional Electoral Council updated the list of candidates on 26 June, with the inscription of 47 candidates for the Senate and 294 for the Chamber of Deputies that had been previously rejected, making a grand total of 233 candidates for senator and 1,624 for deputy.[16][17]

The number of candidates among the principal parties are shown here:

Party Candidates
Senators Deputies Total
Truth (Vérité) 15 100 115
Haitian Tèt Kale Party (Parti Haïtien Tèt Kale) 11 99 110
Fanmi Lavalas 16 83 99
Platfom Pitit Desalin 14 85 99
Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats 11 85 96
Renmen Ayiti 15 79 94
Struggling People's Organization 10 83 93
Convention for Democratic Unity 12 73 85
Pont 3 52 55
Patriotic Unity (Inite Patriyotik) 8 39 47
Respect (Respé) 6 36 42
Haiti in Action 4 36 40
PPG18 2 31 33
Patriotic Movement of the Democratic Opposition (MOPOD) 5 23 28
Peasant Platform Platfòm Peyizan 2 23 25
Christian Movement for a New Haiti 3 19 22
Other parties 96 677 774
Total 233 1,623 1,857
Sources: [1] [2] [3]

On September 8, 2015, candidates of the Verité party withdrew from the elections.[18]

ResultsEdit

2015 resultsEdit

 
Composition of the Chamber of Deputies after the election (gray on the right side denotes vacant seats).

According to the preliminary results given by the Electoral Committee, there were 1,046,516 valid votes for an electorate of 5,871,450, which represents a 17.82% turnout.[19] The elections were cancelled in 22 constituencies, and therefore there were no results for those districts.[20]

On September 28 the Electoral Committee released definitive results, and declared elected one senator from AAA (Haiti in Action) and one from LIDE (Ligue Dessalines). For the deputies' election, 8 deputies were elected: 4 candidates from PHTK (Haitian Tèt Kale Party), 2 from AAA (Haiti in Action), 1 from VERITE (Truth) and 1 from INITE PATRIYOTIK (Patriotic Unity).[21] The second round of the legislative election took place on October 25, along with the first round of the presidential election and the first round of the legislative election on the constituencies where the August election were cancelled.[22]

The results of October 25 second round for the Senate says that were elected 3 candidates from KID, 3 from Verité, 2 from PHTK, and Fanmi Lavalas, PONT, OPL and Pettit Dessalines each had one.[23] 82 deputies were elected in the second round.[24] Eight more had already won in the first round on 9 August. The second round at the districts where the election was repeated should take place on 27 December, but on 21 December the Electoral Committee announced that the elections were postponed indefinitely.[25]

2016 resultsEdit

According to Reuters, one of the elected Senators, Guy Philippe, participated in the overthrow of Jean-Bertrand Aristide and is wanted by the DEA for "conspiracy to import cocaine and launder monetary instruments". He campaigned with President-Elect Jovenel Moïse.[26]

Consolidated resultsEdit

The total of deputies and senators elected until December 2016 is stated below. The table lists in separate columns the number of deputies elected in the second rounds made in 2015 and 2016, because some of the run-offs were delayed along with the presidential run-off.

Party Deputies Senators
1st
Round
2nd
Round
(2015)
2nd
Round
(2016)
Total 1st
Round
2nd
Round
(2015)
2nd
Round
(2016)
Total
Haitian Tèt Kale Party (PHTK) 4 22 5 31 0 2 3 5
Truth (VERITE) 1 12 4 17 0 3 0 3
Struggling People's Organization (OPL) 0 7 2 9 0 1 0 1
Konvansyon Inite Demokratik (KID) 0 7 1 8 0 3 0 3
Fanmi Lavalas (FL) 0 6 2 8 0 1 0 1
Haiti in Action (AAA) 2 4 0 6 1 0 0 1
Reseau National Bouclier (BOUCLIER) 0 3 2 5 0 0 1 1
Patriotic Unity (INITE PATRIYOTIK) 1 3 0 4 0 0 1 1
Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats (FSDH) 0 3 1 4 0 0 0 0
Renmen Ayiti 0 2 1 3 0 0 0 0
Alternative League for Haitian Progress and Emancipation (LAPEH) 0 3 0 3 0 0 0 0
Tet Kole sous Chimen Devlopman pou un Nord'Ouest uni et Renonve (MOSANO) 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0
Consortium des Partis Politiques (CONSORTIUM) 0 2 0 2 0 0 1 1
Platfom Pitit Desalin 0 1 1 2 0 1 0 1
Ansanm Patriyot pou Lavni Ayiti (APLA) 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0
Pont 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
Parti pour la Libération des Masses et d'Intégration Sociale (PALMIS) 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Konbit Travaye Peyizan pou Libere Ayiti (KONTRA PEP LA) 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Mouvement National Haïtien (MONHA) 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Konsyans Patriotik (KP) 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Federalist Party (PF) 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Mouvement Action Socialiste (MAS) 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Konbit Nasyonal (KONA) 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Platfòm Leve Kanpe 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
CANAAN 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Ligue Dessalinienne (LIDE) 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Total 8 84 24 116 2 12 6 20
Sources: [4], [5], [6], [7]

List of elected senatorsEdit

Name Party Department
Antonio Chéramy VÉRITÉ Ouest
Carl Murat Cantave KID Artibonite
Denis Cadeau BOUCLIER Nippes
Dieudonné Luma Étienne PHTK Nord
Dieupie Chérubin KID Sud-Est
Evallière Beauplan PONT Nord-Ouest
Francenet Denis VÉRITÉ Nippes
Garcia Delva AAA Aribonite
Guy Philippe CONSORTIUM Grand'Anse
Jacques Sauveur Jean PHTK Nord-Est
Jean-Marie Junior Salomon OPL Sud
Jean Marie Ralph Féthière PHTK Nord
Jean Renel Sénatus LIDE Ouest
Jean Rigaud Bélizaire CONSORTIUM Grand'Anse
Joseph Lambert KONA Sud-Est
Kedlaire Augustin PHTK Nord-Ouest
Nawoon Marcellus BOUCLIER Nord
Nenel Cassy FL Nippes
Onondieu Louis KID Nord-Ouest
Pierre François Sildor PHTK Sud
Pierre Paul Patrice Dumont RPH Ouest
Ricardo Pierre PITIT DESALIN Sud-Est
Richard Lénine Hervé Fourcand PHTK Sud
Ronald Larèche VÉRITÉ Nord-Est
Rony Célestin PHTK Centre
Sorel Jacinthe INITE Grand'Anse
Wanique Pierre PHTK Nord-Est
Wilfrid Gélin PHTK Centre
Willot Joseph PHTK Centre
Youri Laturtue AAA Artibonite
Source: CEP

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Haiti first-round parliamentary elections held despite ′incidents′". Deutsche Welle. 10 August 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Calendrier électoral" (in French). Provisional Electoral Council. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Haiti – FLASH : Presidential Elections on October 9 – HaitiLibre.com : Haiti news 7/7". Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  4. ^ "OAS will observe Haiti's elections but wants changes ahead of vote". Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Will a Haiti election without U.S. dollars undermine the vote?". Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  6. ^ Electoral system IPU
  7. ^ "Haiti – Elections : Electoral Decree adopted, 19 more Deputies... – HaitiLibre.com : Haiti news 7/7". Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  8. ^ Union, Inter-Parliamentary. "IPU PARLINE database: HAITI (Chambre des Députés), Last elections". Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  9. ^ Electoral system IPU
  10. ^ "Haiti sets date for long overdue elections". BBC. 13 March 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-02-03. Retrieved 2016-02-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Haiti – FLASH : Deputies – Final results of the 2nd round of October 25, 2015". Haiti Libre. 19 December 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  13. ^ "Haiti – FLASH : Elections of January 24 are canceled !". HaitiLibre. 22 January 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  14. ^ "Haiti – FLASH : The elections of October 9 postponed". Haiti Libre. 5 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  15. ^ lefigaro.fr. "Haïti: nouvelles dates pour les élections". Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  16. ^ CEP Releases Final List of Candidates for Legislative Elections Haiti Relief and Reconstruction Watch, 19 May 2015
  17. ^ Haiti – FLASH : Final list of approved candidates Haiti Libre, 15 May 2015
  18. ^ "Haiti – FLASH : The platform VERITE withdraws from elections". Haiti-Libre. September 9, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
  19. ^ "Haiti – News : Electoral Zapping..." Haiti-Libre. August 22, 2015. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
  20. ^ "Haiti – FLASH : Complete results of the elections of August 9, 2015". HaitiLibre. August 21, 2015. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  21. ^ "Haiti – FLASH : Final results of the 1st round of legislative elections of August 9, 2015". Haiti-Libre. 28 September 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Haiti – Elections : Official Changes in the electoral timetable". Haiti-Libre. 2 October 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  23. ^ "Haiti – FLASH : Results of the senatorial elections of October 25, 2015". Haiti-Libre. 8 November 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  24. ^ "Haiti – FLASH : Deputation, election results of October 25, 2015". Haiti-Libre. 8 November 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  25. ^ "Haiti – FLASH : Elections of December 27th postponed !". Haiti Libre. 21 December 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  26. ^ Reuters in Port-au-Prince (December 5, 2016). "Guy Philippe, former coup leader wanted by US, wins Haiti senate seat". The Guardian. Retrieved December 13, 2016.