November 2016 Haitian presidential election
The elections were overseen by the Provisional Electoral Council (CEP), and were held using the two-round system, with a second round scheduled for 29 January 2017 if no candidate received an absolute majority of the votes in the first round (50% plus one vote). However, on 27 November election officials announced that, according to preliminary results, Jovenel Moïse had won the election in the first round with more than 50% of the vote. Voter turnout was reportedly 18.11%.
Jovenel Moïse assumed office on 7 February 2017.
As a result of the massive protests after the 2015 election, the runoff originally scheduled to be held on 27 December 2015 was postponed several times, with the last one scheduled to be held in October 2016. However, the Conseil Electoral Provisoire (CEP) announced on 5 April 2016 that fresh elections would be held on 9 October with a possible runoff on 8 January 2017. The first round planned for 9 October was subsequently postponed due to the passage of Hurricane Matthew.
A total of 27 candidates ran for president, but only six actively campaigned and were seen as serious contenders: Edmonde Supplice Beauzile (Fusion Social Democrats), Jean-Henry Céant (Renme Ayiti, "Love Haiti"), Jude Célestin (LAPEH/Peace), Jean-Charles Moïse (Pitit Dessalines), Jovenel Moïse (Parti Haïtien Tèt Kale), and Maryse Narcisse (Fanmi Lavalas). Each of the six, except for Beauzile, "have had strong ties to one or more of the former elected presidents: Michel Martelly, René Préval and Jean-Bertrand Aristide."
|BRIDES||13–16 November 2016||54.5%||20.7%||11.6%||6.7%||1.0%||0.7%|
|BRIDES||28 September–1 October 2016||54%||23.3%||12.0%||7.0%||0.7%||0.6%|
|BRIDES||8–15 August 2016||41%||25.2%||12.5%||7.6%||1.8%||0.6%|
Supporters of Maryse Narcisse claimed early reports indicated a close race between her and Jovenel Moïse. While counting was still ongoing, both Moïse's Haitian Tèt Kale Party (PHTK) party and Narcisse's Fanmi Lavalas party claimed victory, although official results were not yet issued and the CEP's cautioned against making such claims.
Jovenel Moïse won more than double the votes of any other candidate and more than half of all votes, avoiding the need for a second round.
The United States, Haiti's largest international donor, welcomed the holding of elections. U.S. Department of States spokesman John Kirby said following the first round that the U.S. viewed the elections "as an important step toward returning Haiti to fill constitutional rule and addressing the serious challenges the country faces," but noted that the election had some "isolated incidents of violence and intimidation."
- Hersher, Rebecca (5 October 2016). "Haiti's Presidential Election Delayed In Wake Of Hurricane". NPR. NPR. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
- Joseph Guyler Delva, Tensions mount as Haiti waits on re-run election results Reuters, 21 November 2016
- Jacqueline Charles (November 28, 2016). "Banana farmer wins Haiti presidency, according to preliminary results". Miami Herald. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- Guyler Delva, Joseph (25 April 2016). "Haiti says election could drag on for months, protests grow". Reuters. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
- "Haiti - FLASH : The elections of October 9 postponed". Haiti Libre. 5 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
- Jacqueline Charles, Of Haiti’s 27 presidential contenders, six have the best shot at the seat, Miami Herald (November 18, 2016).
- Early Haiti election returns indicate close race between Moise and Narcisse Deutsche Welle, 21 November 2016
- Rival parties claim victory in Haiti’s presidential election France24, 22 November 2016
- "Haitians Await Preliminary Results from Sunday's Election". Voice of America. 21 November 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
- Toward a Return to Constitutional Rule in Haiti (press statement), United States Department of State, Bureau of Public Affairs (November 21, 2016).