2014 Olsberg mid-air collision

On 23 June 2014, a German Eurofighter Typhoon fighter jet and a Learjet 35 business jet participating in a military exercise collided mid-air over Olsberg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The Learjet subsequently crashed to the ground with the loss of both crew members on board. The Typhoon was damaged but managed to land safely.

2014 Olsberg mid-air collision
Trümmer Learjet.JPG
The crash site of the Learjet
Accident
Date23 June 2014 (2014-06-23)
SummaryMid-air collision
SiteOlsberg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
51°16′44″N 8°26′53″E / 51.279°N 8.448°E / 51.279; 8.448Coordinates: 51°16′44″N 8°26′53″E / 51.279°N 8.448°E / 51.279; 8.448
Total fatalities2
Total survivors1
First aircraft
Aircraft 30+91 (8664531669).jpg
30+91, the Typhoon involved in the collision, photographed in April 2013
TypeEurofighter Typhoon
Operator German Air Force
Registration30+91
Flight originNörvenich Air Base, Germany
DestinationNörvenich Air Base
Occupants1
Crew1
Survivors1
Second aircraft
Learjet GFD.jpg
D-CGFI, the Learjet involved in the collision, 2008
TypeLearjet 35A
OperatorGFD Gesellschaft Fur Flugzieldarstellung
RegistrationD-CGFI
Flight originHohn Air Base, Germany
DestinationHohn Air Base
Occupants2
Crew2
Fatalities2
Survivors0

CollisionEdit

The accident happened at 14:38 CEST (12:38 UTC).[BFU 1][1] Two Eurofighter Typhoons were on exercise with the Learjet in the Elpe-Olsberg[2] area. The Learjet was simulating a civilian airliner that had been hijacked and had broken off radio contact with Air Traffic Control, while the Typhoons were simulating a military response to such a scenario.[3][BFU 2][4][5] The lead Typhoon intercepted the Learjet, and as the latter turned to follow it, the two aircraft collided.[6][BFU 3]

The Learjet crashed about 100 metres (110 yd) from houses in Olsberg, killing both crew members.[BFU 4][1][7][8][2] The Typhoon aircraft was severely damaged, but was able to land safely at Nörvenich Air Base, near Cologne. The second Typhoon landed at Cologne Bonn Airport.

AircraftEdit

The first aircraft was a Eurofighter Typhoon, msn GS0070. The aircraft was built in 2012.[BFU 5] It was operated by Taktisches Luftwaffengeschwader 31 "Boelcke", Luftwaffe. It was based at Nörvenich Air Base.[1]

The second aircraft was a Learjet 35A, registered D-CGFI, msn 35A-612, which had first flown in 1986.[BFU 6][2] It was operated by the GFD Gesellschaft für Flugzieldarstellung [de], a subsidiary company of Airbus Defence and Space,[3] and was based at Hohn Air Base.[2]

InvestigationsEdit

Investigations into the accident were carried out by the General Flugsicherheit der Bundeswehr and the Bundesstelle für Flugunfalluntersuchung (BFU).[1] The cockpit voice recorder and flight data recorder of the Learjet were recovered on the day of the accident, from a site 3 kilometres (2 mi) from the crash site of the aircraft.[9][10] The data from these devices were published in the BFU's interim report in September.[BFU 7][9] The BFU's final report into the accident was published in August 2015.

The pilots of the two Eurofighter Typhoons were being investigated by the public prosecutor's office on suspicion of causing death by negligence and might face charges of manslaughter.[8][needs update] A commander at the Tactical Air Force squadron reported that both of the jet pilots were very experienced and had frequently been involved in such exercises.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Absturz bei Anti-Terror-Übung der Bundeswehr" [Crash during anti-terror exercise with the Bundeswehr] (in German). Bild. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d "D-CGFI Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 23 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b "Toter nach Absturz bei Luftwaffen Übung in NRW" [Deaths through collision at Air Force exercise in NRW] (in German). Die Welt. Archived from the original on 24 June 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Page not found – Kantipur Video". kantipurvideos.info. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. Cite uses generic title (help)
  5. ^ Plane crash in Germany: Learjet and Eurofighter typhoon collides, killing one on board. YouTube. 24 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Mysterious plane crash: German military jet collides with civilian plane in routine exercise, killing one". Us.tomonews.net. NextMidia. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "German fighter and Learjet collide – one confirmed dead". BBC News Online. BBC. Archived from the original on 23 June 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ a b c "Flugzeugabsturz im Sauerland:Staatsanwaltschaft ermittelt wegen fahrlässiger Tötung" [Plane crash in Saarland: Prosecutor investigating pilot for manslaughter] (in German). Der Spiegel. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ a b "Insassen des abgestürzten Learjets vermutlich tot" [Occupants of the crashed Learjet presumed dead] (in German). Die Welt. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "Eurofighter rammt bei Bundeswehr-Übung Learjet vom Himmel (2 Tote)" [Eurofighter rams Learjet on Bundeswehr exercise in mid-air (2 dead)] (in German). Bild. Retrieved 24 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

BFU

Interim Report (PDF). Bundesstelle für Flugunfalluntersuchung (BFU). September 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

Final Report (PDF). Bundesstelle für Flugunfalluntersuchung (BFU). August 2015. BFU 1X002-14. Retrieved 4 September 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

  1. ^ "History of the Flight" (interim report, page 4).
  2. ^ "Planned Training Procedure" (interim report, page 13).
  3. ^ "Flight data analysis" (final report, pages 44–45).
  4. ^ "Wreckage and Impact Information" (interim report, page 9).
  5. ^ "Aircraft Information" (interim report, page 8).
  6. ^ "Aircraft Information" (interim report, page 7).
  7. ^ "Flight Recorder" (interim report, page 9).

External linksEdit