The 2014 Iquique earthquake struck off the coast of Chile on 1 April, with a moment magnitude of 8.2, at 20:46 local time (23:46 UTC). The epicenter of the earthquake was approximately 95 kilometres (59 mi) northwest of Iquique. The mainshock was preceded by a number of moderate to large shocks and was followed by a large number of moderate to very large aftershocks, including a M7.7 event on 3 April. The megathrust earthquake triggered a tsunami of up to 2.11 metres (6.9 ft) that hit Iquique at 21:05 local time (00:05 UTC, 2 April). Similar-sized tsunamis were also reported to have hit the coasts of Pisagua and Arica.
|UTC time||2014-04-01 23:46:47|
|Local date||1 April 2014|
|Local time||20:46 CST (UTC-03:00)|
|Depth||25 km (16 mi)|
|Areas affected||Chile, Peru, Bolivia|
|Total damage||2,500 homes damaged|
|Max. intensity||VIII (Severe)|
|Tsunami||4.6 m (15 ft)|
|Casualties||Chile: 6 dead|
Peru: 9 injured
There was a cluster of earthquakes starting from the one occurring on 16 March with a magnitude of Mw 6.7, and a large earthquake had been expected. The 8.2 earthquake was smaller than what was expected, with a rupture of 200 km (120 mi) in length instead of the expected 600 km (370 mi) rupture. The earthquake was felt in Chile, Peru, and Bolivia. The intensity reached intensity VIII (Severe) in Iquique, Chile.
Four men died of heart attacks and one woman was reportedly crushed to death when a wall collapsed. A loader was crushed by a falling metal structure and died of the injuries afterwards. Electricity and water services were interrupted in the regions of Arica y Parinacota and Tarapacá.
During the aftermath of the earthquake, 293 prisoners escaped from a women's prison in Iquique when a wall collapsed. Many returned voluntarily a short time later, while Chilean soldiers searched for the rest.
According to the Peruvian emergency services, nine people were slightly injured, seven households have been affected, one temple has collapsed and electricity outages in the affected regions of Tacna, Moquegua and Arequipa occurred, which were restored later.
There were several significant aftershocks above 6.0 magnitude and many more of lower magnitude over subsequent days.
|1 April at 20:57:58||6.9||VI||28.4 km (17.6 mi)||91 km (57 mi) WNW of Iquique|||
|2 April at 22:58:30||6.5||VI||24.1 km (15.0 mi)||46 km (29 mi) WSW of Iquique|||
|2 April at 23:43:13||7.7||IX||22.4 km (13.9 mi)||53 km (33 mi) SW of Iquique|||
|3 April at 02:26:15||6.4||VI||25 km (16 mi)||78 km (48 mi) SW of Iquique|||
Such large earthquakes can have effects far away other than tsunamis. A megathrust quake can shake the entire earth, but causes stronger movement and strain on the entire associated oceanic plate, beyond the few hundred kilometer rupture zone. Though too far to be an aftershock, a 6.0 quake on a thin protruding wedge of the Nazca Plate (Iquique quake shoved this plate) was reported off Panama within 12 hours of the main shock.
Under advice from the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, tsunami warnings were issued for the Latin American Pacific coastlines of Chile, Peru, and Ecuador shortly after the earthquake occurred. Chile was subsequently hit by a large tsunami in its northern territories, with a maximum height of 4.63 m (15.2 ft) in Arica.
The tsunami warning was later canceled for all countries except Chile and Peru within a few hours of the earthquake. The tsunami warning was canceled for both Chile and Peru at around 4:58 UTC on 2 April. Hawaii was under a tsunami advisory for over 13 hours. On 3 April local time, tsunamis were observed in Japan. The tsunami reached 60 centimetres (2.0 ft) high in Kuji, Iwate Prefecture, Japan.
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- "Chile earthquake: 2 dead, 3 seriously injured". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2 April 2014.
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- Shabner, Dean (1 April 2014). "8.2-Magnitude Earthquake Off Chile Triggers Tsunami". ABC News. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
- "Pacific Tsunami Waves hit Chile after an Earthquake measuring 8.3". news.biharprabha.com. Indo-Asian News Service. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- Tsunami Message Number 6 Archived 2 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine, NWS Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, 1 April 2014
- "Magnitude-6.7 quake hits Chile, 100,000 evacuated". USA Today.
- "Earthquake Report (Informe de Sismo Sensible)" (in Spanish). Sismologia.cl. 16 March 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "La estrella de Iquique", 2 April 2014, page 5
- "Tsunami alert after 8.2 quake strikes off Chile". BBC News. 2 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "M8.2 - 95km NW of Iquique, Chile 2014-04-01 23:46:46 UTC". U.S. Geological Survey. 4 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "La estralla de Iquique", April 4, 2014, page 10
- Moreno, Génesis; Paz Núñez, María (2 April 2014). "Replenishment of basic services has been slower in communes of Iquique and Alto Hospicio (Reposición de servicios básicos ha sido más lenta en comunas de Iquique y Alto Hospicio)". La Tercera (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- Amos, Jonathan (2 April 2014). "Chile soldiers hunt escaped inmates in quake-hit Iquique". BBC News.
- USGS. "M6.9 - 91km WNW of Iquique, Chile". United States Geological Survey.
- USGS. "M6.5 - 46km WSW of Iquique, Chile". United States Geological Survey.
- USGS. "M7.7 - 53km SW of Iquique, Chile". United States Geological Survey.
- USGS. "M6.4 - 78km SW of Iquique, Chile". United States Geological Survey.
- Lubick, Naomi (March 2003). "Triggered Swarms: How Big Quakes Can Cause Small Quakes Far Away". Scientific American. Retrieved 4 April 2014.(subscription required)
- "M6.0 - 52km S of Pedregal, Panama 2014-04-02 16:13:27 UTC". U.S. Geological Survey. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "Tsunami Warning and Warch for Latin American Pacific coastline". Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "Tsunami Event:IQUIQUE, CHILE". NGDC.
- "Tsunami Warning and Watch Cancellation". Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. 2 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "Hawai'ian Islands Tsumani Advisory". Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. 2 April 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "Hawai'ian Islands Tsunami Advisory Cancellation". Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. 2 April 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "Japan hit by Tsunami waves on 3 April after Chilean Earthquake". news.biharprabha.com. Indo-Asian News Service. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- "60 cm Tsunami Observed in Kuji City, Iwate Prefecture; Caused by Chile Quake (岩手県久慈市で津波６０センチ観測 チリ地震)" (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun Company (朝日新聞). 3 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- M8.2 - 95km NW of Iquique, Chile – United States Geological Survey
- Tsunami alert after 8.2 quake strikes off Chile – BBC News
- 5 Dead After Powerful Quake Strikes Off Chile's Coast – ABC News
- Powerful earthquake strikes off Chile – CNN
- Tsunami Animation: Iquique, Chile, 1 April 2014 – National Tsunami Warning Center
- The International Seismological Centre has a bibliography and/or authoritative data for this event.