Under the Whyte notation for the classification of steam locomotives, 2-6-0+0-6-2 represents the wheel arrangement of an articulated locomotive with two separate swivelling engine units, arranged back to back with the boiler and cab suspended between them. Each engine unit has two leading wheels in a leading truck, six powered and coupled driving wheels on three axles and no trailing wheels.

2-6-0+0-6-2 (Double Mogul)
Diagram of one small leading wheel, six large driving wheels in two trios, each trio joined by coupling rods, and one small trailing wheel
M388, East Perth, 1926.jpg
WAGR M class no. M388, the first Double Mogul Garratt locomotive
Equivalent classifications
UIC class1C+C1, 1'C+C1'
French class130+031
Turkish class34+34
Swiss class3/4+3/4, 6/8 from 1920s
Russian class1-3-0+0-3-1
First known tank engine version
First use1911
LocomotiveWAGR M class
RailwayWestern Australian Government Railways
DesignerBeyer, Peacock and Company
BuilderBeyer, Peacock and Company
Evolved from0-4-0+0-4-0

The arrangement is effectively two 2-6-0 locomotives operating back-to-back and was used on Garratt and Kitson-Meyer articulated locomotives. Since the 2-6-0 type was often known as a Mogul, the corresponding Garratt type was usually known as a Double Mogul.

A similar wheel arrangement exists for Mallet steam locomotives on which only the front engine unit swivels, but these are referred to as 2-6-6-2.


The 2-6-0+0-6-2 was the second Garratt type to appear after the original 0-4-0+0-4-0 and was first used on the fourth through ninth Garratts to be constructed.



Western Australian Government Railways MSA class Garratt locomotive no MSA468, c. 1930

A group of six locomotives of 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge were constructed for the Western Australian Government Railways in 1911 as their Class M. Further locomotives for this railway included seven more Class Ms locomotives in 1912.[1]

The Australian Portland Cement Company took delivery of two 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge locomotives in 1936 and 1939, as their no. 1 and no. 2 engines for the quarry line at Fyansford, Victoria. These engines replaced two Vulcan Iron Works 0-6-0 saddle-tanks on the mainline haul until they were later displaced by Australian Standard Garratt no. G33.

Fyansford’s no. 2, by then a combination of no. 2's centre unit and no. 1's engine units, was in service until 1966, when the quarry line was replaced by a conveyor belt. Fyansford no. 2 was to be evaluated in 2015 for return to service on the Bellarine Railway, after having been moved there from the Menzies Creek Museum of the Puffing Billy Railway in 2010.


The Manila Railway Company (now the Philippine National Railways) operated four 160-class Kitson-Meyer locomotives that were built in 1914. It was once disputed as to whether the class was 2-6-0+0-6-2T or 2-6-6-2T. Two sources mentioned that they were 2-6-0+0-6-2T,[3][4] while one source claims that they were actually 2-6-6-2T.[5] It was later confirmed in the Kitson Steam Locomotive Catalogue (1839-1923) that the locomotives were classified by Kitson as a 2-6-0+0-6-2T.[6]

As most of the Meyer locomotives were found in South America, the Manila Railway was the only known operator of the type in Asia. It was also the only articulated locomotive class operated by the company. These tank locomotives were made to operate on the Antipolo line. However due to the steep gradient and a high operational cost, the line was closed in 1917. These locomotives were then relegated to the Pagsanjan line in Laguna and the South Main Line between Manila and Lucena. These locomotives were retired in 1925 after being replaced by larger tender locomotives.[3]

South AfricaEdit

Narrow gaugeEdit

Restored SAR Class NG G11 no. 54 Solly at Chelsea, 3 April 1990

Between 1919 and 1925, the South African Railways (SAR) placed five Class NG G11 Garratt locomotives with this wheel arrangement in service on the Avontuur 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge line through the Langkloof and also in Natal. They were the first Garratt locomotives to enter service in South Africa. The three locomotives, numbered 51 to 53, were erected at Uitenhage and put on trials on the Avontuur line in May 1920. These first three locomotives were not superheated. They had outside plate frames, Walschaerts valve gear, Belpaire fireboxes and used saturated steam and slide valves.[7][8][9]

Having been proven successful during trials, another two locomotives were ordered from BP. Numbers 54 and 55 were delivered in 1925 and placed in service in Natal. Since these two were superheated, they had longer smokeboxes and were 9 12 inches (241 millimetres) longer in overall length, while the incorporation of piston valves required alteration of the valve gear. The cabs of the second order locomotives were also improved to offer better protection to the crew.[7][8]

Cape gaugeEdit

SAR Class GA, circa 1921

In February 1921, the SAR placed a single experimental Class GA Garratt 2-6-0+0-6-2 locomotive in service. It was ordered from BP in 1914, together with the order for the narrow gauge Class NG G11 Garratts, but wartime hostilities also delayed its delivery until 1920. It was the first Cape gauge Garratt to enter service in South Africa.[7][10]

The locomotive was superheated, with a Belpaire firebox, a plate frame and Walschaerts valve gear. It was erected in the Durban shops and placed in trial service on the Natal mainline. During the trials it was found that the absence of trailing carrying wheels on the engine units was a disadvantage, since it led to excessive flange wear on the driving wheels. As a result, the locomotive remained the only representative of its Class and all subsequent Garratt models of the SAR were equipped with trailing Bissel trucks on their engine units. The locomotive was withdrawn from service in 1938 because of a cracked frame and scrapped.[7][8][10][11]

United KingdomEdit

2-6-0+0-6-2 Norfolk Hero

Narrow Gauge

One 21st century example of this wheel arrangement has been built for the Wells and Walsingham Light Railway, a 10 14 in (260 mm) gauge heritage railway in Norfolk, England.

An earlier 2-6-0+0-6-2 Garratt, no. 3, the Norfolk Hero, was built by Neil Simkins in 1986. In 2010, the fleet was augmented by a new Garratt, no. 6, the Norfolk Heroine.

Standard Gauge

The London, Midland, & Scottish Railway built 33 garratt locomotives (3 in 1927, 30 in 1930) to use as heavy freight engines. They were withdrawn from 1955-8.


  1. ^ a b Hamilton, Gavin N., The Garratt Locomotive - Garratt Locomotives produced by Beyer, Peacock, retrieved 10 November 2012
  2. ^ Hamilton, Gavin N., The Garratt Locomotive - Garratt Locomotives from Other Builders, retrieved 10 November 2012
  3. ^ a b Llanso, Steve. "Manila Railroad Kitson-Meyer Locomotives in Philippines". Sweat House Media. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  4. ^ J.D.H. Smith (2015). "Manila Railroad Steam Locomotives". Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  5. ^ Report of the General Manager of the Manila Railroad, 1916.
  6. ^ "Manila Railway - 2-6-0+0-6-2 "Kitson Meyer" type steam locomotive Nr. 143". Flickr. May 15, 2020. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  7. ^ a b c d Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. pp. 88–89, 105–106. ISBN 0869772112.
  8. ^ a b c Durrant, A. E. (1989). Twilight of South African Steam (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, London: David & Charles. pp. 25, 123. ISBN 0715386387.
  9. ^ Sandstone Steam Railroad Archived December 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ a b Holland, D. F. (1972). Steam Locomotives of the South African Railways. 2: 1910-1955 (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-7153-5427-8.
  11. ^ Hendrie (10 December 1921). "Engine Power on the S.A.R." South African Mining and Engineering Journal. XXXII (1576): 529.