1996 Florida Marlins season

The Florida Marlins' 1996 season was the fourth season for the Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise in the National League. It would begin with the team attempting to improve on their season from 1995. Their managers were Rene Lachemann, Cookie Rojas, and John Boles. They played home games in Miami Gardens, Florida. They finished with a record of 80-82, 3rd in the National League East.

1996 Florida Marlins
Major League affiliations
Location
Results
Record80–82 (.494)
Divisional place3rd
Other information
Owner(s)Wayne Huizenga
General manager(s)Dave Dombrowski
Manager(s)Rene Lachemann, Cookie Rojas, John Boles
Local televisionSunshine Network
WBFS-TV
(Gary Carter, Jay Randolph)
Local radioWQAM
(Joe Angel, Dave O'Brien)
WCMQ-FM (Spanish)
(Felo Ramírez, Manolo Alvarez)
< Previous season     Next season >

The Marlins home ballpark at the time had been known as Joe Robbie Stadium since opening. However in the middle of the 1996 season, the Miami Dolphins, who controlled the stadium, sold naming rights to Pro Player by Fruit of the Loom.

Thus, in the middle of the Marlins season on August 26, Joe Robbie Stadium was renamed Pro Player Park. On September 10, after the Dolphins home opener and still before the end of baseball season, the park was renamed Pro Player Stadium, a name which remained though the 2004 season.

OffseasonEdit

  • October 8, 1995: Scott Podsednik was sent by the Texas Rangers to the Florida Marlins to complete an earlier deal made on August 8, 1995. The Texas Rangers sent players to be named later to the Florida Marlins for Bobby Witt. The Texas Rangers sent Wilson Heredia (August 11, 1995) and Scott Podsednik (October 8, 1995) to the Florida Marlins to complete the trade.[1]
  • November 21, 1995: Devon White signed as a Free Agent with the Florida Marlins.[2]
  • December 13, 1995: Mark Davis was Signed as a Free Agent with the Florida Marlins.[3]
  • December 22, 1995: Craig Grebeck was signed as a Free Agent with the Florida Marlins.[4]
  • January 5, 1996: Andre Dawson was signed as a Free Agent with the Florida Marlins.[5]
  • January 23, 1996: Aaron Small was selected off waivers by the Seattle Mariners from the Florida Marlins.[6]
  • March 23, 1996: Mark Davis was Released by the Florida Marlins.[3]

Regular seasonEdit

  • On May 11, 1996, Al Leiter threw the first no hitter in Florida Marlins history. The Marlins beat the Rockies by a score of 11-0.[7]

Season standingsEdit

NL East W L Pct. GB Home Road
Atlanta Braves 96 66 0.593 56–25 40–41
Montreal Expos 88 74 0.543 8 50–31 38–43
Florida Marlins 80 82 0.494 16 52–29 28–53
New York Mets 71 91 0.438 25 42–39 29–52
Philadelphia Phillies 67 95 0.414 29 35–46 32–49

Record vs. opponentsEdit


Sources: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14]
Team ATL CHC CIN COL FLA HOU LAD MON NYM PHI PIT SD SF STL
Atlanta 7–5 7–5 5–7 6–7 6–6 5–7 10–3 7–6 9–4 9–3 9–4 7–5 9–4
Chicago 5–7 5–8 5–7 6–6 5–8 8–5 6–6 7–5 7–6 4–9 6–6 7–5 5–8
Cincinnati 5–7 8–5 7–6 3–9 7–6 4–8 3–9 6–6 10–2 5–8 9–3 9–4 5–8
Colorado 7–5 7–5 6–7 5–8 8–5 6–7 3–9 7–5 6–6 7–5 8–5 5–8 8–4
Florida 7–6 6–6 9–3 8–5 7–5 6–7 5–8 7–6 6–7 5–7 3–9 5–7 6–6
Houston 6–6 8–5 6–7 5–8 5–7 6–6 4–9 8–4 10–2 8–5 6–6 8–4 2–11
Los Angeles 7–5 5–8 8–4 7–6 7–6 6–6 9–3 8–4 7–6 6–6 5–8 7–6 8–4
Montreal 3–10 6–6 9–3 9–3 8–5 9–4 3–9 7–6 6–7 7–5 4–8 9–4 8–4
New York 6–7 5–7 6–6 5–7 6–7 4–8 4–8 6–7 7–6 8–5 3–10 6–6 5–7
Philadelphia 4-9 6–7 2–10 6–6 7–6 2–10 6–7 7–6 6–7 7–5 4–8 6–6 4–8
Pittsburgh 3–9 9–4 8–5 5–7 7–5 5–8 6–6 5–7 5–8 5–7 4–9 8–4 3–10
San Diego 4–9 6–6 3–9 5–8 9–3 6–6 8–5 8–4 10–3 8–4 9–4 11–2 4–8
San Francisco 5–7 5–7 4–9 8–5 7–5 4–8 6–7 4–9 6–6 6–6 4–8 2–11 7–6
St. Louis 4–9 8–5 8–5 4–8 6–6 11-2 4–8 4–8 7–5 8–4 10–3 8–4 6–7


Game logEdit

1996 Game Log: 80–82 (Home: 52–29; Away: 28–53)
April: 11–16 (Home: 6–6; Away: 5–10)
# Date Opponent Score Win Loss Save Attendance Record
1 April 1 Pirates 0–4 Wagner Brown (0–1) 41,815 0–1
2 April 2 Pirates 1–4 Christiansen Pena (0–1) Miceli 20,243 0–2
3 April 4 Pirates 6–2 Leiter (1–0) Ericks 19,008 1–2
4 April 5 Giants 1–7 Fernandez Rapp (0–1) 24,769 1–3
5 April 6 Giants 1–0 (10) Nen (1–0) Dewey 34,002 2–3
6 April 7 Giants 7–14 Bourgeois Burkett (0–1) 19,842 2–4
7 April 8 @ Padres 2–9 Hamilton Hammond (0–1) 44,470 2–5
8 April 9 @ Padres 5–2 (10) Leiter (2–0) Blair 15,160 3–5
9 April 10 @ Padres 0–3 Tewksbury Rapp (0–2) Hoffman 10,510 3–6
10 April 11 @ Dodgers 0–5 Park Brown (0–2) Worrell 36,023 3–7
11 April 12 @ Dodgers 3–1 Burkett (1–1) Valdez 40,343 4–7
12 April 13 @ Dodgers 1–3 Nomo Hammond (0–2) 46,059 4–8
13 April 14 @ Dodgers 1–6 Astacio Leiter (2–1) 49,728 4–9
14 April 16 @ Braves 2–5 Avery Brown (0–3) Wohlers 26,625 4–10
15 April 17 @ Braves 2–4 Maddux Burkett (1–2) Wohlers 28,884 4–11
16 April 18 @ Braves 5–3 Hammond (1–2) Glavine Nen (1) 25,300 5–11
17 April 19 Dodgers 5–0 Powell (1–0) Hall 24,143 6–11
18 April 20 Dodgers 7–4 Leiter (3–1) Nomo Nen (2) 35,542 7–11
19 April 21 Dodgers 5–4 Brown (1–3) Hall Mathews (1) 23,842 8–11
20 April 22 Padres 3–5 Ashby Burkett (1–3) 17,473 8–12
21 April 23 Padres 2–7 Bergman Hammond (1–3) 19,667 8–13
22 April 24 @ Pirates 3–6 Neagle Rapp (0–3) 9,812 8–14
23 April 25 @ Pirates 4–1 Leiter (4–1) Hope Nen (3) 8,315 9–14
24 April 26 @ Giants 3–0 Brown (2–3) Fernandez 12,461 10–14
25 April 27 @ Giants 3–6 Leiter Burkett (1–4) Beck 15,711 10–15
26 April 28 @ Giants 4–10 VanLandingham Hammond (1–4) 23,535 10–16
27 April 30 Phillies 7–2 Rapp (1–3) Williams Nen (4) 15,252 11–16
May: 16–11 (Home: 12–6; Away: 4–5)
# Date Opponent Score Win Loss Save Attendance Record
28 May 1 Phillies 5–6 Ryan Leiter (4–2) Bottalico 14,672 11–17
29 May 2 Phillies 0–2 Grace Brown (2–4) Bottalico 14,888 11–18
30 May 3 @ Rockies 5–9 Reynoso Burkett (1–5) 48,129 11–19
31 May 4 @ Rockies 5–17 Freeman Hammond (1–5) 48,101 11–20
32 May 5 @ Rockies 4–5 Ritz Perez (0–1) 48,134 11–21
33 May 6 Mets 4–1 Leiter (5–2) Clark Nen (5) 16,819 12–21
34 May 7 Mets 3–2 Hammond (2–5) Isringhausen Nen (6) 20,127 13–21
35 May 8 Mets 6–3 Perez (1–1) Henry Nen (7) 21,357 14–21
36 May 9 Rockies 6–2 Miller (1–0) Freeman 21,008 15–21
37 May 10 Rockies 4–2 Rapp (2–3) Ritz Nen (8) 27,309 16–21
38 May 11 Rockies 11–0 Leiter (6–2) Thompson 31,549 17–21
39 May 12 Rockies 7–5 Nen (2–0) Leskanic 21,058 18–21
40 May 13 Cardinals 5–2 Burkett (2–5) Benes Powell (1) 19,227 19–21
41 May 14 Cardinals 11–5 Mathews (1–0) Parrett 16,070 20–21
42 May 15 Cardinals 0–6 Stottlemyre Rapp (2–4) 18,066 20–22
43 May 17 @ Cubs 1–3 Bullinger Leiter (6–3) Wendell 32,528 20–23
44 May 18 @ Cubs 3–2 Burkett (3–5) Trachsel Nen (9) 38,003 21–23
45 May 19 @ Cubs 8–7 (11) Mantei (1–0) Wendell Nen (10) 30,420 22–23
46 May 20 @ Reds 5–3 Rapp (3–4) Burba Nen (11) 18,023 23–23
47 May 21 @ Reds 3–2 Weathers (1–0) Salkeld Mathews (2) 19,534 24–23
48 May 22 @ Reds 1–4 Smiley Leiter (6–4) Brantley 22,055 24–24
49 May 24 Cardinals 2–4 Morgan Burkett (3–6) Mathews 19,583 24–25
50 May 25 Cardinals 0–5 Benes Rapp (3–5) 26,312 24–26
51 May 26 Cardinals 8–2 (7) Weathers (2–0) Osborne 20,573 25–26
52 May 27 Reds 6–2 Leiter (7–4) Smiley 15,919 26–26
53 May 28 Reds 6–2 Brown (3–4) Burba Mathews (4) 14,052 27–26
54 May 31 Cubs 1–2 Navarro Rapp (3–6) 19,552 27–27
June: 12–14 (Home: 8–5; Away: 4–9)
# Date Opponent Score Win Loss Save Attendance Record
55 June 1 Cubs 4–5 (10) Wendell Mathews (1–1) 30,133 27–28
56 June 2 Cubs 3–2 Brown (4–4) Telemaco Nen (12) 22,174 28–28
57 June 4 Expos 5–0 Burkett (4–6) Rueter 14,821 29–28
58 June 5 Expos 1–2 Cormier Rapp (3–7) Veres 21,342 29–29
59 June 7 @ Mets 12–2 Leiter (8–4) Harnisch 13,009 30–29
60 June 8 @ Mets 6–7 Clark Weathers (2–1) Franco 22,550 30–30
61 June 9 @ Mets 0–3 Isringhausen Burkett (4–7) 40,707 30–31
62 June 10 @ Expos 5–2 Nen (3–0) Dyer 34,867 31–31
63 June 11 @ Expos 2–3 Scott Brown (4–5) Veres 10,758 31–32
64 June 12 @ Expos 0–8 Fassero Leiter (8–5) 12,341 31–33
65 June 13 @ Pirates 4–3 Perez (2–1) Cordova Nen (13) 15,083 32–33
66 June 14 @ Pirates 4–5 Plesac Nen (3–1) 26,494 32–34
67 June 15 @ Pirates 8–12 Darwin Rapp (3–8) 15,596 32–35
68 June 16 @ Pirates 4–2 Brown (5–5) Neagle Nen (14) 28,120 33–35
69 June 17 @ Giants 0–1 Fernandez Leiter (8–6) Beck 9,524 33–36
70 June 18 @ Giants 8–9 (15) Juden Rapp (3–9) 15,439 33–37
71 June 19 @ Giants 4–7 (15) Bautista Mathews (1–2) 13,274 33–38
72 June 21 Pirates 4–0 Brown (6–5) Darwin 20,442 34–38
73 June 22 Pirates 1–4 (10) Plesac Perez (2–2) 26,666 34–39
74 June 23 Pirates 3–5 Lieber Rapp (3–10) Cordova 20,769 34–40
75 June 24 Giants 2–1 Burkett (5–7) Leiter Nen (15) 16,860 35–40
76 June 25 Giants 5–4 (10) Powell (2–0) Beck 16,577 36–40
77 June 26 Giants 3–2 Brown (7–5) Watson 21,188 37–40
78 June 28 Braves 2–0 Leiter (9–6) Glavine Nen (16) 30,661 38–40
79 June 29 Braves 5–3 Rapp (4–10) Smoltz 40,952 39–40
80 June 30 Braves 4–5 Clontz Burkett (5–8) Wohlers 34,023 39–41
July: 10–17 (Home: 8–6; Away: 2–11)
# Date Opponent Score Win Loss Save Attendance Record
81 July 1 @ Astros 2–6 Hampton Brown (7–6) 18,513 39–42
82 July 2 @ Astros 3–4 (12) Johnstone Mathews (1–3) 18,897 39–43
83 July 3 @ Astros 3–4 Drabek Leiter (9–7) Jones 24,537 39–44
84 July 4 @ Phillies 5–8 Blazier Rapp (4–11) Bottalico 17,460 39–45
85 July 5 @ Phillies 4–7 Borland Miller (1–1) Bottalico 46,872 39–46
86 July 6 @ Phillies 1–2 Williams Brown (7–7) Bottalico 22,278 39–47
87 July 7 @ Phillies 7–4 (10) Mathews (2–3) Jordan Nen (17) 28,183 40–47
88 July 11 @ Braves 9–8 Burkett (6–8) Avery Nen (18) 33,208 41–47
89 July 12 @ Braves 3–6 Glavine Leiter (9–8) Wohlers 32,517 41–48
90 July 13 @ Braves 0–3 Smoltz Brown (7–8) 36,953 41–49
91 July 14 @ Braves 10–15 McMichael Perez (2–3) 31,134 41–50
92 July 15 Astros 15–5 Pall (1–0) Wall 15,807 42–50
93 July 16 Astros 3–2 Perez (3–3) Jones 15,610 43–50
94 July 17 Astros 11–2 Leiter (10–8) Reynolds 16,345 44–50
95 July 18 Phillies 7–0 Brown (8–8) Mimbs 16,521 45–50
96 July 19 Phillies 11–2 Hammond (3–5) Williams 19,123 46–50
97 July 20 Phillies 7–4 Rapp (5–11) Springer Nen (19) 24,336 47–50
98 July 21 Phillies 3–12 Schilling Burkett (6–9) Bottalico 20,873 47–51
99 July 23 Dodgers 1–7 Valdez Leiter (10–9) 17,889 47–52
100 July 24 Dodgers 3–0 Brown (9–8) Nomo Nen (20) 20,486 48–52
101 July 25 Dodgers 3–6 Astacio Hammond (3–6) Worrell 18,151 48–53
102 July 26 Padres 0–3 (11) Hoffman Pall (1–1) 19,677 48–54
103 July 27 Padres 12–20 Villone Mathews (2–4) 26,182 48–55
104 July 28 Padres 8–2 Leiter (11–9) Hamilton 22,683 49–55
105 July 29 Padres 3–5 Sanders Brown (9–9) Hoffman 18,281 49–56
106 July 30 @ Dodgers 4–5 (10) Osuna Weathers (2–2) 34,973 49–57
107 July 31 @ Dodgers 0–3 Martinez Rapp (5–12) Worrell 29,565 49–58
August: 16–13 (Home: 8–3; Away: 8–10)
# Date Opponent Score Win Loss Save Attendance Record
108 August 1 @ Dodgers 7–6 (14) Hammond (4–6) Dreifort Mathews (5) 41,197 50–58
109 August 2 @ Padres 1–2 Hoffman Perez (3–4) 18,239 50–59
110 August 3 @ Padres 5–2 Brown (10–9) Sanders Nen (21) 55,412 51–59
111 August 4 @ Padres 4–6 Valenzuela Hammond (4–7) Hoffman 35,302 51–60
112 August 5 @ Rockies 16–9 Hutton (1–0) Freeman 48,313 52–60
113 August 6 @ Rockies 0–11 Thompson Burkett (6–10) 48,339 52–61
114 August 7 @ Rockies 5–12 Ritz Leiter (11–10) 48,622 52–62
115 August 8 Mets 0–3 Harnisch Brown (10–10) Franco 21,627 52–63
116 August 9 Mets 2–1 (10) Nen (4–1) Henry 21,506 53–63
117 August 10 Mets 9–6 Rapp (6–12) Wilson Nen (22) 22,115 54–63
118 August 11 Mets 3–5 Clark Valdes (0–1) Franco 21,092 54–64
119 August 13 Rockies 5–0 Leiter (12–10) Ritz 26,256 55–64
120 August 14 Rockies 2–1 Brown (11–10) Leskanic Nen (23) 26,589 56–64
121 August 15 Rockies 7–6 Powell (3–0) Ruffin Nen (24) 21,723 57–64
122 August 16 @ Cardinals 2–6 Benes Rapp (6–13) 30,507 57–65
123 August 17 @ Cardinals 3–4 Mathews Powell (3–1) Eckersley 30,792 57–66
124 August 18 @ Cardinals 3–5 Stottlemyre Leiter (12–11) Eckersley 34,564 57–67
125 August 19 @ Cubs 4–3 Brown (12–10) Telemaco Nen (25) 32,302 58–67
126 August 20 @ Cubs 1–8 Foster Hutton (1–1) 22,119 58–68
127 August 21 @ Cubs 3–8 Castillo Rapp (6–14) 27,699 58–69
128 August 23 Reds 5–6 Carrara Valdes (0–2) Brantley 58–70
129 August 23 Reds 8–3 Leiter (13–11) Jarvis 21,497 59–70
130 August 24 Reds 5–3 Brown (13–10) Burba Nen (26) 33,883 60–70
131 August 25 Reds 6–5 Nen (5–1) Smith 27,372 61–70
132 August 27 @ Cardinals 6–3 Hutton (2–1) Morgan Nen (27) 24,784 62–70
133 August 28 @ Cardinals 3–2 (10) Hammond (5–7) Bailey Nen (28) 21,767 63–70
134 August 29 @ Cardinals 10–9 Leiter (14–11) Stottlemyre Nen (29) 23,105 64–70
135 August 30 @ Reds 3–1 Brown (14–10) Remlinger 22,485 65–70
136 August 31 @ Reds 8–22 Jarvis Miller (1–2) 25,196 65–71
September: 15–11 (Home: 10–3; Away: 5–8)
# Date Opponent Score Win Loss Save Attendance Record
137 September 1 @ Reds 6–1 Hutton (3–1) Smiley 25,521 66–71
138 September 2 Cubs 4–3 Valdes (1–2) Trachsel Nen (30) 16,622 67–71
139 September 3 Cubs 3–11 Navarro Leiter (14–12) 15,528 67–72
140 September 4 Cubs 9–2 Brown (15–10) Foster 14,879 68–72
141 September 5 Expos 2–6 Manuel Rapp (6–15) 16,080 68–73
142 September 6 Expos 4–0 Hutton (4–1) Fassero Powell (2) 16,943 69–73
143 September 7 Expos 1–2 Leiter Valdes (1–3) Rojas 25,278 69–74
144 September 8 Expos 2–1 Helling (1–0) Martinez Nen (31) 19,427 70–74
145 September 9 @ Mets 1–6 Mlicki Brown (15–11) 14,100 70–75
146 September 10 @ Mets 9–3 (12) Powell (4–1) Henry 14,746 71–75
147 September 11 @ Mets 1–3 Isringhausen Rapp (6–16) Wallace 12,448 71–76
148 September 12 @ Expos 4–5 Veres Powell (4–2) Rojas 9,308 71–77
149 September 13 @ Expos 2–3 Martinez Helling (1–1) Rojas 13,723 71–78
150 September 14 @ Expos 2–3 Veres Powell (4–3) Rojas 17,546 71–79
151 September 15 @ Expos 4–3 Leiter (15–12) Daal Nen (32) 26,166 72–79
152 September 17 @ Phillies 11–5 Rapp (7–16) Beech 15,507 73–79
153 September 18 @ Phillies 6–8 Borland Miller (1–3) Bottalico 17,158 73–80
154 September 20 Astros 3–1 Brown (16–11) Reynolds Nen (33) 21,518 74–80
155 September 21 Astros 2–1 Heredia (1–0) Wagner 31,023 75–80
156 September 22 Astros 6–0 Helling (2–1) Kile 17,461 76–80
157 September 24 Braves 12–1 Rapp (8–16) Avery 18,245 77–80
158 September 25 Braves 3–0 Brown (17–11) Glavine Nen (34) 29,178 78–80
159 September 26 Braves 7–1 Leiter (16–12) Neagle 25,553 79–80
160 September 27 @ Astros 3–2 Hutton (5–1) Kile Nen (35) 21,725 80–80
161 September 28 @ Astros 1–5 Darwin Heredia (1–1) 21,832 80–81
162 September 29 @ Astros 4–5 (10) Hudek Hammond (5–8) 42,658 80–82
Legend:        = Win        = Loss
Bold = Marlins team member

Detailed recordsEdit

TransactionsEdit

  • June 4, 1996: Mark Kotsay was drafted by the Florida Marlins in the 1st round (9th pick) of the 1996 amateur draft. Player signed August 15, 1996.[8]
  • July 31, 1996: Dave Weathers was traded by the Florida Marlins to the New York Yankees for Mark Hutton.[9]
  • August 13, 1996: Terry Pendleton was traded by the Florida Marlins to the Atlanta Braves for Roosevelt Brown.[10]
  • August 23, 1996: Gregg Zaun was sent by the Baltimore Orioles to the Florida Marlins to complete an earlier deal made on August 21, 1996. The Baltimore Orioles sent a player to be named later to the Florida Marlins for Terry Mathews. The Baltimore Orioles sent Gregg Zaun (August 23, 1996) to the Florida Marlins to complete the trade.[11]

RosterEdit

1996 Florida Marlins
Roster
Pitchers Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders Manager

Coaches

Player statsEdit

BattingEdit

Starters by positionEdit

Note: Pos = Position; G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in

Pos Player G AB H Avg. HR RBI
C Charles Johnson 120 386 84 .218 13 37

Other battersEdit

Note: G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in

Player G AB H Avg. HR RBI

PitchingEdit

Starting pitchersEdit

Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G IP W L ERA SO

Other pitchersEdit

Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G IP W L ERA SO

Relief pitchersEdit

Note: G = Games pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; SV = Saves; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G W L SV ERA SO
Robb Nen 75 5 1 35 1.95 92

Farm systemEdit

Level Team League Manager
AAA Charlotte Knights International League Sal Rende
AA Portland Sea Dogs Eastern League Carlos Tosca
A Brevard County Manatees Florida State League Fredi González
A Kane County Cougars Midwest League Lynn Jones
A-Short Season Utica Blue Sox New York–Penn League Steve McFarland
Rookie GCL Marlins Gulf Coast League Juan Bustabad

[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Scott Podsednik Statistics Baseball-Reference.com
  2. ^ Devon White Statistics Baseball-Reference.com
  3. ^ a b https://www.baseball-reference.com/d/davisma01.shtml
  4. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/g/grebecr01.shtml
  5. ^ Andre Dawson Statistics Baseball-Reference.com
  6. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/s/smallaa01.shtml
  7. ^ Great Baseball Feats, Facts and Figures, 2008 Edition, p.143, David Nemec and Scott Flatow, A Signet Book, Penguin Group, New York, ISBN 978-0-451-22363-0
  8. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/k/kotsama01.shtml
  9. ^ http://www.thebaseballcube.com/statistics/1989/25.shtml
  10. ^ Terry Pendleton Statistics Baseball-Reference.com
  11. ^ Gregg Zaun Statistics Baseball-Reference.com
  12. ^ Johnson, Lloyd, and Wolff, Miles, ed., The Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball, 2nd edition. Durham, North Carolina: Baseball America, 1997

External linksEdit