1977 United States Grand Prix West

The 1977 United States Grand Prix West (officially the Long Beach Grand Prix[2]) was a Formula One motor race held on April 3, 1977 in Long Beach, California. It was the fourth race of the 1977 World Championship of F1 Drivers and the 1977 International Cup for F1 Constructors.

1977 United States Grand Prix West
Race 4 of 17 in the 1977 Formula One season
Race details
Date April 3, 1977
Official name Long Beach Grand Prix
Location Long Beach, California
Course Temporary street course
Course length 3.251 km (2.02 miles)
Distance 80 laps, 260.08 km (161.60 miles)
Weather Temperatures of 68 °F (20 °C); winds of 10.9 miles per hour (17.5 km/h)[1]
Pole position
Driver Ferrari
Time 1:21.650
Fastest lap
Driver Austria Niki Lauda Ferrari
Time 1:22.753 on lap 62
First Lotus-Ford
Second Ferrari
Third Wolf-Ford
Lap leaders

The 80-lap race was won by Mario Andretti, driving a Lotus-Ford. Andretti held off Niki Lauda in the Ferrari to become the only American to win a Formula One race on home soil, while also giving the ground-effect Lotus 78 its first win. Jody Scheckter finished third in the Wolf-Ford.

Summary edit

The Formula One circus arrived at Long Beach in mourning following the deaths of Tom Pryce at the South African Grand Prix and Carlos Pace in a light aircraft crash near São Paulo. The Shadow team signed Alan Jones as Pryce's replacement, while Pace's place at Brabham was taken by Hans-Joachim Stuck. Stuck had been expected to drive for the new ATS team with its old Penske car but changed his mind, meaning that ATS had to sign Jean-Pierre Jarier instead.[3]

The first practice session saw Jody Scheckter fastest in the Wolf with a time of 1:22.79, just ahead of Andretti in the Lotus 78. In the second session, Andretti went faster with a 1:22.06, but Ferrari's Niki Lauda took the pole position in final qualifying on Saturday with a 1:21.63. Scheckter was third, joined on the second row by the second Ferrari of Carlos Reutemann.

On Sunday, it was 68 degrees °F (20 °C) and very pleasant as the cars formed on the starting grid. At the green light, Scheckter shot past both Lauda and Andretti, and led into the first turn. Reutemann pulled next to Andretti on the inside approach to the turn, but braked too late and slid straight on. Andretti avoided a T-bone by braking in time to duck behind him into the corner.

James Hunt was allegedly pushed from behind, though no one knows for sure, and when he hit John Watson's right rear wheel with his left front, he was launched six feet in the air, showing Watson the entire underside of his McLaren. On landing, he slid past Reutemann and down the escape road. Hunt was able to make it back to the pits, and though his suspension was bent, he carried on, and ended up missing a point for sixth by just two seconds.

Meanwhile, the trio of Scheckter, Andretti and Lauda continued the battle they had been waging all weekend, with Scheckter leading by 1.7 seconds after three laps. On lap 4, Lauda was pressuring Andretti and tried to pass in the hairpin at the end of the curving back straight. He locked the Ferrari's brakes, but kept his foot down hard to avoid hitting Andretti's Lotus. The resulting flat spots on Lauda's tires caused a serious vibration throughout the race, and probably took away his chance of winning.

Scheckter maintained a consistent cushion over the battle for second; after 25 laps, Andretti was 2.5 seconds behind and Lauda was 4 seconds back. Even as they periodically worked their way through traffic, the three leaders never lost contact for more than half a lap. The Long Beach circuit was not particularly suited for cars that generate much downforce, and the new Lotus, with its higher aerodynamic drag, could not match the straight line speed of Scheckter's Wolf; Andretti continually closed in through the corners, but could not find a way past.

The McLaren driven by James Hunt almost in the air and close to Carlos Reutemann's Ferrari (#12) with the rest of the racers behind them

"I was preparing for a real banzai under braking," Andretti later said. "I needed to go from fifth to first gear in order to do it, and the way the gearboxes were in those days, I had maybe one or two tries to do that. My objective was to do it if I was in a position at the end of the race. Then I saw a twitch and, obviously, he had a tire that was slightly deflating."

On lap 58, Scheckter's lap time suddenly increased by two seconds, and as he passed the pits, he pointed emphatically to the crew at his right front tire, which had developed a slow leak. The tire began locking up time and again under braking, but Scheckter decided he was going to stay out and go as far as he could. For 18 laps, he tenaciously fought a losing battle as he held off each of Andretti's desperate attempts to pass as his deflating tire got softer and softer.

"It was not at the point that the tire was really going down, because it was the left side, not the right side, and it was not to the point that he really backed off any sooner because his braking point and turning point for the corner was the same."

On lap 77, Andretti outbraked the Wolf and pulled inside him entering the hairpin. "It's not that he went wide," he said afterwards, "I just got him clear at the braking point, and then after I went by him, I distanced myself." The frenzied crowd of 70,000 finally burst into rapturous applause as Andretti accelerated into the lead. Scheckter's despair was complete when Lauda also went by on the next lap. The crowd cheered Andretti home, deflecting considerable pressure from Lauda right to the flag, as he won by less than a second.

"It is one of the nicest moments of my career, even more satisfying than winning Indianapolis and really gratifying to have so many people pulling for me," Andretti said. "The car remained perfectly balanced throughout the race and the brakes were superb."

"It was not that I was given a break," Mario still insists. "I outbraked him clean. To me, it was just as satisfying a win. Jody tried to say that the only reason I passed him was because the tire was going down; but if that was the case, he would have had a lot of smoke and a lot of locking up, and there was none of that. So, it was a good, satisfying win."

Scheckter held on for third place, and the scoring was completed by Patrick Depailler's Tyrrell, over a minute behind; Emerson Fittipaldi in the Copersucar; and Jarier in the ATS Penske-Ford.

Classification edit

Qualifying edit

Pos No Driver Constructor Time/Gap
1 11   Niki Lauda Ferrari 1:21.630
2 5   Mario Andretti LotusFord +0.238
3 20   Jody Scheckter WolfFord +0.257
4 12   Carlos Reutemann Ferrari +0.630
5 26   Jacques Laffite LigierMatra +0.666
6 7   John Watson BrabhamAlfa Romeo +0.742
7 28   Emerson Fittipaldi FittipaldiFord +0.752
8 1   James Hunt McLarenFord +0.899
9 34   Jean-Pierre Jarier PenskeFord +0.981
10 3   Ronnie Peterson TyrrellFord +1.025
11 19   Vittorio Brambilla SurteesFord +1.029
12 4   Patrick Depailler TyrrellFord +1.045
13 22   Clay Regazzoni EnsignFord +1.132
14 17   Alan Jones ShadowFord +1.426
15 2   Jochen Mass McLarenFord +1.601
16 6   Gunnar Nilsson LotusFord +1.754
17 8   Hans-Joachim Stuck BrabhamAlfa Romeo +2.181
18 10   Brian Henton MarchFord +2.406
19 18   Hans Binder SurteesFord +2.543
20 16   Renzo Zorzi ShadowFord +2.727
21 30   Brett Lunger MarchFord +3.349
22 9   Alex Ribeiro MarchFord +3.450

Race edit

Pos No Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 5   Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford 80 1:51:35.470 2 9
2 11   Niki Lauda Ferrari 80 + 0.773 1 6
3 20   Jody Scheckter Wolf-Ford 80 + 4.857 3 4
4 4   Patrick Depailler Tyrrell-Ford 80 + 1:14.487 12 3
5 28   Emerson Fittipaldi Fittipaldi-Ford 80 + 1:20.908 7 2
6 34   Jean-Pierre Jarier Penske-Ford 79 + 1 Lap 9 1
7 1   James Hunt McLaren-Ford 79 + 1 Lap 8  
8 6   Gunnar Nilsson Lotus-Ford 79 + 1 Lap 16  
9 26   Jacques Laffite Ligier-Matra 78 Electrical 5  
10 10   Brian Henton March-Ford 77 + 3 Laps 18  
11 18   Hans Binder Surtees-Ford 77 + 3 Laps 19  
Ret 3   Ronnie Peterson Tyrrell-Ford 62 Fuel System 10  
Ret 22   Clay Regazzoni Ensign-Ford 57 Gearbox 13  
Ret 8   Hans-Joachim Stuck Brabham-Alfa Romeo 53 Brakes 17  
Ret 17   Alan Jones Shadow-Ford 40 Gearbox 14  
Ret 2   Jochen Mass McLaren-Ford 39 Handling 15  
DSQ 7   John Watson Brabham-Alfa Romeo 33 Illegal Push Start 6  
Ret 16   Renzo Zorzi Shadow-Ford 27 Gearbox 20  
Ret 9   Alex Ribeiro March-Ford 15 Gearbox 22  
Ret 12   Carlos Reutemann Ferrari 5 Accident 4  
Ret 30   Brett Lunger March-Ford 4 Accident 21  
Ret 19   Vittorio Brambilla Surtees-Ford 0 Accident 11  

Championship standings after the race edit

  • Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.

References edit

  1. ^ "Weather information for the 1977 United States Grand Prix West". The Old Farmers' Almanac. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
  2. ^ "1977 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes". The Programme Covers Project.
  3. ^ "The United States Grand Prix West: The Racer's Racer Wins at Home". Motor Sport. London. May 1977. p. 57. Retrieved October 21, 2017.
  4. ^ "1977 Formula One United States Grand Prix West". Motorsport Stats. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  5. ^ "1977 USA West Grand Prix". formula1.com. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
  6. ^ a b "United States West 1977 - Championship • STATS F1". www.statsf1.com. Retrieved March 21, 2019.

Further reading edit

  • Doug Nye (1978). The United States Grand Prix and Grand Prize Races, 1908–1977. B. T. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-1263-1
  • Rob Walker (July, 1977). "2nd United States Grand Prix West: Patience At 11,000 RPM". Road & Track, 112–117.
  • Gordon Kirby (April, 1997). "Proof of Concept". RACER, 68–103.
  • Pete Lyons (April, 2002). "One Day At The Beach". RACER, 74–78.

Previous race:
1977 South African Grand Prix
FIA Formula One World Championship
1977 season
Next race:
1977 Spanish Grand Prix
Previous race:
1976 United States Grand Prix West
United States Grand Prix West Next race:
1978 United States Grand Prix West
Preceded by Grand Prix of Long Beach Succeeded by