Language violence in the Pakistani province of Sindh started on 7 July 1972 when the Sindh Assembly passed The Sindhi Teaching, Promotion and Use of Sindhi Language Bill, 1972 which established Sindhi language as the sole official language of the province resulting in violence in the province.
The proclamation of Sindhi as the official language of Sindh caused the Daily Jang, an Urdu language newspaper in Karachi, to publish a full-page story on their front page surrounded by a banner with the statement "Urdu ka janaza hai zara dhoom se nikle" (It is the funeral of Urdu thus should be a flaunting one) by Rais Amrohvi.
Violent clashes erupted in Karachi and other towns in Sindh Province, Pakistan, resulting in the deaths of at least 19 people on the third day of protests over the choice of Sindhi as the official provincial language. The demonstrations were triggered by a bill passing Sindhi as the official language instead of Urdu, spoken by half of Karachi's muhajir population. The army was brought in to enforce a 24-hour curfew. In total, 47 people were killed in the unrest. Then President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto planned to meet with both language proponents to find a resolution.
In 1972, when the PPP-led Sindh government declared Sindhi as the province's official language, groups of Muhajir students formed the Muttahida Tulaba Mahaz Karachi (MTMK). The movement started by organizing a protest-movement by changing the number plates of motor vehicles into Urdu alphabets and numerals and had vandalized English signboards. Riots later broke out between the Sindh police and the MTMK in Karachi and between Sindhi and Muhajir youth elsewhere in urban Sindh.
See also Edit
- "1972 riots: Was it a language issue?". Herald (Pakistan). 23 September 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
- InpaperMagazine, From (2012-10-06). "A leaf from history: Language frenzy in Sindh". dawn.com. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
- "Urdu ka janazah hay zara dhoom se nikle". By Mosharraf Zaidi. 23 December 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
- "PAKISTANI TOLL 47 IN LANGUAGE RIOTS". The New York Times. 1972-07-11. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2023-07-20.
- Exclusive, Fahad Naveed | Umer Farooq | Herald (2015-03-25). "Tongue-tied: The politics of language". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2023-07-20.
- Paracha, Nadeem F. (2019-01-13). "SMOKERS' CORNER: THE EVOLUTION OF MOHAJIR CONSCIOUSNESS". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2023-01-29.