1960 in the Belgian Congo

The following lists events that happened during 1960 in the Belgian Congo.

the Belgian Congo

See also:1960 in the Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville)

Incumbent edit

Events edit

Date Event
25 January Belgium agrees to grant the Belgian Congo independence, setting a date of 30 June 1960, with elections to be held in May.[1]
20 February Following a month-long conference in Brussels, Belgium, the date of 30 June is set for granting independence to its African colony of the Belgian Congo. Under an agreement between the Belgian government and Congolese leaders, elections would be held on 16 May for provincial legislatures and a 137-member national Chamber of Representatives, and the provinces would then select a Senate.[2]
25 May Fifteen days of voting, for a 137-member Chamber of Deputies, conclude in the Belgian Congo, as the nation prepared for independence. Patrice Lumumba's National Congolese Movement won a plurality of seats, with 36.[3]
11 June Jean-Pierre Finant becomes president of Orientale Province.[4]
11 June Jean Miruho becomes president of Kivu Province.[4]
30 June Barthélemy Mukenge becomes president of Kasaï Province.[4]
30 June At 12:01 a.m. (0101 GMT), the Belgian Congo is proclaimed independent by Belgium's King Baudouin. The new Congolese Prime Minister, Patrice Lumumba, then delivered an angry speech about colonial rule.[5]
30 June Belgian Congo is replaced by Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville)
30 June The Comité Spécial du Katanga is dissolved.[6]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Crowder 1984, p. 712.
  2. ^ The World Almanac ... 1961, pp. 157–161.
  3. ^ The World Almanac ... 1961, pp. 168–172.
  4. ^ a b c Congo (Kinshasa) Provinces.
  5. ^ "Congo Off To Angry Start", Winnipeg Free Press, June 30, 1960, p1
  6. ^ Comité spécial du Katanga. CSK.

Sources edit

  • "Comité spécial du Katanga. CSK", Africa Museum, retrieved 2021-04-03
  • "Congo (Kinshasa) Provinces", Rulers.org, retrieved 2020-08-05
  • Crowder, Michael (1984), The Cambridge History of Africa, vol. 8, Cambridge University Press
  • The World Almanac and book of facts 1961, New York World-Telegram, 1960