1952 Hong Kong municipal election

The 1952 Hong Kong Urban Council election was held on 30 May 1952 for the two elected seats of the Urban Council of Hong Kong. It was the first Urban Council election since the end of the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong, the previous election having been held in 1940. Barrister Brook Bernacchi of the Reform Club of Hong Kong and William Louey, chief manager of Kowloon Motor Bus won the two seats.

1952 Hong Kong municipal election
Flag of Hong Kong 1876.svg
← 1940 30 May 1952 1953 →
Turnout3,368 (34.72%)
  Brook Bernacchi 1952.png William Sui-tak Louey.png
Nominee Brook Bernacchi William Louey
Party Reform KRA
Popular vote 1,168 1,068
Percentage 17.83% 16.31%

Elected Members

Brook Bernacchi
William Louey


It was the first Urban Council election after the Second World War. Prior to the election, the former Governor Sir Mark Aitchison Young suggested a further constitutional reform by a new elected Municipal body replacing the Urban Council. The Young Plan was strongly opposed by the conservatives and the then Governor Sir Alexander Grantham. At the end, the Governor restored the election for two seats in the Urban Council which had existed before the war after the Young Plan was shelved.

The polling station was held at the Murray Parade Ground. Some 3,368 men cast ballots, about one-third of the 9,700 registered voters, lower than expectations. The China Mail said it could "scarcely be regarded as a convincing sign that the Colony is desperately anxious to enjoy extended franchise."[1] Brook Bernacchi of the Reform Club of Hong Kong and William Louey of the Kowloon Residents' Association, chief manager of Kowloon Motor Bus, were elected out of nine candidates. Pro-Communist barrister Percy Chen, son of former Foreign Minister of the Republic of China Eugene Chen, was on the ballot. He urged voters to treat the election as a referendum to press London for a further constitutional reform promised by Young. He ranked sixth of the nine candidates, getting 461 votes. The other Reform Club candidate Woo Pak-chuen lost the race by only 38 votes.[2]


Urban Council Election 1952[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform Brook Bernacchi 1,168 17.84 New
KRA William Sui-tak Louey 1,068 16.31 New
Reform Woo Pak-chuen 1,031 15.75
Independent Tso Tsun-on 1,017 15.53
Independent Peter Henry Sin 866 13.23
CRA Percy Chen 461 7.04
Independent G. S. Kennedy-Skipton 386 5.89
Independent Kong Chi-nai 307 4.69
Independent Daniel Neng-fang Chen 244 3.73
Turnout 3,368 34.72
Registered electors 9,700


  1. ^ "Council Election". China Mail. 31 May 1952.
  2. ^ Reform Club of Hong Kong (1949). Memorandum and articles of Association of the Reform Club of Hong Kong : incorporated the 20th day of January, 1949. Ts'o & Hodgson.
  3. ^ "Steady Stream Of Voters At Urban Council Election". China Mail. 30 May 1952.


  • Pepper, Suzanne (2008). Keeping Democracy at Bay:Hong Kong and the Challenge of Chinese Political Reform. Rowman & Littlefield.