Constitutional Assembly elections were held in the Socialist Republic of Montenegro on 3 November 1946. They were the first elections in Montenegro in which women had the right to vote, and three women were elected to the Assembly; Lidija Jovanović, Dobrila Ojdanić and Draginja Vušović.
After Montenegro became part Yugoslavia following World War I, the Montenegrin parliament was abolished. During World War II, a Montenegrin legislature was revived when the State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Montenegro and Boka was established. This became the Montenegrin Anti-Fascist Assembly of National Liberation (CASNO) in 1944.
On 15 April 1945 the CASNO was renamed the Montenegrin National Assembly, before it became the National Assembly on 15 February 1946.