1945 Ontario general election

The 1945 Ontario general election was held on June 4, 1945, to elect the 90 members of the 22nd Legislative Assembly of Ontario (Members of Provincial Parliament, or "MPPs") of the Province of Ontario.[1]

1945 Ontario general election

← 1943 June 4, 1945 1948 →

90 seats in the 22nd Legislative Assembly of Ontario
46 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  GeorgeDrew.jpg Mitchell Hepburn1 crop.jpg
Leader George Drew Mitchell Hepburn
Party Progressive Conservative Liberal
Leader since December 9, 1938 April 2, 1945
Leader's seat High Park Elgin (lost re-election)
Last election 38 15
Seats won 66 14
Seat change Increase28 Decrease1
Percentage 44.3% 29.8%
Swing Increase8.6pp Decrease1.4pp

  Third party Fourth party
  Ted jolliffe 1942.jpg LP
Leader Ted Jolliffe Leslie Morris
Party Co-operative Commonwealth Labor-Progressive
Leader since April 3, 1942 1945
Leader's seat York South (lost re-election) Ran in Bracondale (Lost)
Last election 34 2
Seats won 8 2
Seat change Decrease26 ±0
Percentage 22.4% 2.4%
Swing Decrease9.3pp

Premier before election

George Drew
Progressive Conservative

Premier after election

George Drew
Progressive Conservative

The Ontario Progressive Conservative Party, led by George Drew, won a second consecutive term in office, winning a solid majority of seats in the legislature—66, up from 38 in the previous election.

The Ontario Liberal Party, led by former premier Mitchell Hepburn, was returned to the role of official opposition with 11 seats, plus 3 Liberal-Labour seats that it won, out of 6 contested, in coalition with the Labor-Progressive Party (which was, in fact, the Communist Party), in an effort to marginalize the CCF. The three new Liberal-Labour MPPs were James Newman of Rainy River, Joseph Meinzinger of Waterloo North and Alexander Parent of Essex North.

The social democratic Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), led by Ted Jolliffe, was reduced from 34 seats to only 8.

Two seats were won by the Labor-Progressive Party on its own with the re-election of A.A. MacLeod and J.B. Salsberg. The LPP contested a total of 31 ridings under the leadership of Leslie Morris who was defeated in the Toronto riding of Bracondale. As well, the Labor-Progressive Party ran several joint candidates with the Liberals under the Liberal-Labour banner.

The Drew government called the election in an attempt to get a majority government. By exploiting increasing Cold War tensions, the PC Party was able to defeat Jolliffe's CCF by stoking fears about communism. Jolliffe replied by giving a radio speech (written by Lister Sinclair) that accused Drew of running a political gestapo in Ontario, alleging that a secret department of the Ontario Provincial Police was acting as a political police spying on the opposition and the media. This accusation led to a backlash, and loss of support for the CCF, including the loss of Jolliffe's own seat of York South. This probably helped Drew win his majority, although in the 1970s, archival evidence was discovered proving the charge.[2]

ResultsEdit

Elections to the 22nd Parliament of Ontario (1945)
Political party Party leader MPPs Votes
Candidates 1943 Dissol. 1945 ± # % ± (pp)
Progressive Conservative George Drew 90 38 66 28  781,345 44.25% 8.75 
Liberal Mitchell Hepburn 79 15 11 4  475,029 26.90% 3.32 
Co-operative Commonwealth Ted Jolliffe 89 34 8 26  395,708 22.41% 9.21 
Liberal–Labour 7 3 3  41,163 2.33% New
Labor–Progressive Leslie Morris 29 2 2 2   43,170 2.44% 1.54 
Independent Liberal 1  Did not campaign
Independent 14 11,895 0.67% 0.47 
Liberal–Progressive 2 10,241 0.58% 0.27 
Labour 4 6,285 0.36% 0.18 
  Socialist-Labour 2 710 0.04% 0.01 
Social Credit 1 247 0.01% New
Independent-CCF Did not campaign
Soldier Did not campaign
Vacant
Total 317 90 90 90 1,765,793 100.00%
Blank and invalid ballots 17,482
Registered voters / turnout 2,450,321 72.78% 14.04 
Seats and popular vote by party
Party Seats Votes Change (pp)
 Progressive Conservative
66 / 90
44.25%
8.75 8.75
 
 Liberal
11 / 90
26.90%
-3.32
 
 Co-operative Commonwealth
8 / 90
22.41%
-9.21
 
 Liberal–Labour
3 / 90
2.33%
2.33 2.33
 
 Labor–Progressive
2 / 90
2.44%
1.54 1.54
 
 Other
0 / 90
1.67%
-0.09
 

Seats that changed handsEdit

Elections to the 22nd Parliament of Ontario – seats won/lost by party, 1943–1945
Party 1943 Gain from (loss to) 1945
PC Lib CCF L-L Lbr-P I-Lib
Progressive Conservative 38 8 (1) 20 1 66
Liberal 15 1 (8) 3 11
Co-operative Commonwealth 34 (20) (3) (3) 8
Liberal–Labour 3 3
Labor–Progressive 2 2
Independent-Liberal[a 1] 1 (1)
Total 90 1 (29) 8 (4) 26 (3) 1 90
  1. ^ Mitchell Hepburn (Elgin) campaigned as a Liberal and lost.

There were 36 seats that changed allegiance in the election.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "1945 General Election". Elections Ontario. Elections Ontario. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  2. ^ MacDonald, Donald C. (1998). The Happy Warrior: Political Memoirs, 2nd Ed. Toronto: Dundurn Press. pp. 292–296. ISBN 1-55002-307-1.