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Kenora (provincial electoral district)

Kenora was an Ontario provincial electoral district in northwestern Ontario until 1999.

Kenora
Ontario electoral district
Defunct provincial electoral district
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Ontario
District created1908
District abolished1999
First contested1908
Last contested1995

HistoryEdit

Kenora has been a provincial riding since the early twentieth century. For many years, the Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) that it elected sat as "Labour" or "Liberal-Labour" members.

The riding elected Peter Heenan as a Labour representative in the 1919 provincial election. Heenan remained one of only four Labour MLAs re-elected in the 1923 election. He entered federal politics in the 1925 federal election and was elected a Liberal MP and served as Minister of Labour in William Lyon Mackenzie King's Cabinet.

In the 1929 election, Earl Hutchinson recaptured Kenora as a Labour candidate. He was re-elected in the 1934 provincial election, but gave up the seat to make way for Heenan who was to be appointed to cabinet. Heenan ran in the subsequent by-election, this time as a Liberal Party candidate, and was elected. He joined Mitchell Hepburn's Cabinet and served as Minister of Mines and Forests (1934–1941) and Minister of Labour (1941–1943).

Heenan was defeated by William Docker of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (a social democratic party) in the 1943 election that routed the Liberals and reduced them to third party status. Subsequently, the Liberals ran Albert Wren as a "Liberal-Labour" candidate unsuccessfully in the 1948 election before his victory in the 1951 election.

Albert Wren of Kenora was the longest serving "Liberal-Labour" Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP, as MLAs were called after 1938), sitting in the Ontario legislature from 1951 until his death in 1961. He ran for the leadership of the Ontario Liberal Party in 1954, coming in second, and again in 1958, coming in last. Robert Gibson succeeded Wren as the "Liberal-Labour" MPP for Kenora and served until the 1967 election.

T. Patrick Reid was elected "Liberal-Labour" MPP for the neighbouring riding of Rainy River in the 1967 election He ran as a "Liberal" in the 1971 election, and 1975 election. He reverted to the "Liberal-Labour" label for the 1977 election, and returned to being a "Liberal" MPP in 1981 election, and left politics in 1985.

The riding was abolished into Kenora—Rainy River prior to the 1999 election when provincial ridings were defined to have the same borders as federal ridings. It will not be recreated for the next election, because the ridings in Northern Ontario are not changing provincially.

Members of Provincial ParliamentEdit

Kenora
Assembly Years Member Party
12th  1908–1911     Harold Machin Conservative
13th  1911–1914
14th  1914–1919
15th  1919–1923     Peter Heenan Labour
16th  1923–1926
17th  1926–1929     Joseph Pattulo Earngey Conservative
18th  1929–1934     Earl Hutchinson Labour
19th  1934–1934
 1934–1937     Peter Heenan Liberal
20th  1937–1943
21st  1943–1945     William Manson Docker Co-operative Commonwealth
22nd  1945–1948
23rd  1948–1951     James George White Progressive Conservative
24th  1951–1955     Albert Wren Lib-Labour
25th  1955–1959
26th  1959–1961
 1962–1963     Robert Wayne Gibson Lib-Labour
27th  1963–1966
 1966–1967     Leo Bernier Progressive Conservative
28th  1967–1971
29th  1971–1975
30th  1975–1977
31st  1977–1981
32nd  1981–1985
33rd  1985–1987
34th  1987–1990     Frank Miclash Liberal
35th  1990–1995
36th  1995–1999
Sourced from the Ontario Legislative Assembly[1]
Merged into Kenora—Rainy River before the 1999 election

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ For a listing of each MPP's Queen's Park curriculum vitae see below:
    • For Harold Machin's Legislative Assembly information see "Harold Arthur Clement Machin, MPP". Parliamentary History. Toronto: Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 2017.
    • For Peter Heenan's Legislative Assembly information see "Peter Heenan, MPP". Parliamentary History. Toronto: Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 2017.
    • For Joseph Pattulo Earngey's Legislative Assembly information see "Joseph Pattulo Earngey, MPP". Parliamentary History. Toronto: Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 2017.
    • For Earl Hutchinson's Legislative Assembly information see "Earl Hutchinson, MPP". Parliamentary History. Toronto: Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 2017.
    • For Peter Heenan's Legislative Assembly information see "Peter Heenan, MPP". Parliamentary History. Toronto: Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 2017.
    • For William Manson Docker's Legislative Assembly information see "William Manson Docker, MPP". Parliamentary History. Toronto: Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 2017.
    • For James George White's Legislative Assembly information see "James George White, MPP". Parliamentary History. Toronto: Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 2017.
    • For Albert Wren's Legislative Assembly information see "Albert Wren, MPP". Parliamentary History. Toronto: Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 2017.
    • For Robert Wayne Gibson's Legislative Assembly information see "Robert Wayne Gibson, MPP". Parliamentary History. Toronto: Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 2017.
    • For Leo Edward Bernier's Legislative Assembly information see "Leo Edward Bernier, MPP". Parliamentary History. Toronto: Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 2017.
    • For Frank Ranover Miclash's Legislative Assembly information see "Frank Ranover Miclash, MPP". Parliamentary History. Toronto: Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 2017.