1934 Portuguese legislative election

Parliamentary elections were held in Portugal on 16 December 1934,[1] the first following the establishment of the one-party state known as the Estado Novo. The National Union was the only party to contest the elections, and no opposition candidates were allowed to run.[2] It subsequently won all seats in the National Assembly, three of which were taken by women.[3]

1934 Portuguese National Assembly election

← 1925 16 December 1934 1938 →

100 seats to the National Assembly
51 seats needed for a majority
  First party
  Antonio Salazar-1.jpg
Leader António de Oliveira Salazar
Party UN
Last election 100 seats
Seats won 100
Seat change Steady
Popular vote 476,706
Percentage 100.0%
Swing Steady

Portugal Chamber of Deputies 1934-1942.svg

Prime Minister before election

António de Oliveira Salazar

Prime Minister-elect

António de Oliveira Salazar

Electoral systemEdit

For the elections the country formed a single 100-member constituency.[3] Suffrage was extended to all men aged 21 or over as long as they were literate or paid over 100 escudos in taxation, and to women aged over 21 if they had completed secondary education.[3] However, only 8.2% of the population were registered to vote.[4]


Party Votes % Seats
National Union 100 100
Invalid/blank votes
Total 476,706 100 100
Registered voters/turnout 588,957 80.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1542 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1527
  3. ^ a b c Nohlen & Stöver, p1535
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1544

See alsoEdit