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1922 United States Senate elections

The United States Senate elections of 1922 were elections that occurred in the middle of Republican President Warren G. Harding's term. With the Republicans divided between conservative and progressive factions, the Democrats gained six net seats from the Republicans while the Farmer–Labor party gained one. The Republicans retained their Senate majority.

1922 United States Senate elections

← 1920 November 7, 1922 1924 →

32 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Henry Cabot Lodge c1916.jpg Oscar W. Underwood.jpg
Leader Henry Cabot Lodge
(unofficial)
Oscar Underwood
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since March 4, 1919 April 27, 1920
Leader's seat Massachusetts Alabama
Seats before 60 36
Seats after 53 42
Seat change Decrease 7 Increase 6
Seats up 17 15
Races won 10 21

  Third party
 
Party Farmer–Labor
Seats before 0
Seats after 1
Seat change Increase 1
Seats up Steady
Races won 1

US 1922 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gains      Republican gains
     Democratic holds      Republican holds
     Farmer–Labor gains

Majority Leader (unofficial) before election

Henry Cabot Lodge
Republican

Elected Majority Leader (unofficial)

Henry Cabot Lodge
Republican

Gains and lossesEdit

Republicans gained two seats, defeating incumbent Democrats Gilbert M. Hitchcock (Nebraska) and Atlee Pomerene (Ohio).

Democrats took one open seat in Indiana and defeated seven Republican incumbents:

In Minnesota, the Farmer–Labor Party gained its first U.S. Senator, when Henrik Shipstead defeated incumbent Republican Frank B. Kellogg.

Change in Senate compositionEdit

Before the electionsEdit

At the beginning of 1922.

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22
Ran
D23
Ran
D24
Ran
D25
Ran
D26
Ran
D27
Ran
D28
Ran
R59
Ran
R60
Retired
D36
Retired
D35
Retired
D34
Ran
D33
Ran
D32
Ran
D31
Ran
D30
Ran
D29
Ran
R58
Ran
R57
Ran
R56
Ran
R55
Ran
R54
Ran
R53
Ran
R52
Ran
R51
Ran
R50
Ran
R49
Ran
Majority →
R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44
Ran
R45
Ran
R46
Ran
R47
Ran
R48
Ran
R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

After the general electionsEdit

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22
Re-elected
D23
Re-elected
D24
Re-elected
D25
Re-elected
D26
Re-elected
D27
Re-elected
D28
Re-elected
D38
Gain
D37
Gain
D36
Gain
D35
Gain
D34
Hold
D33
Hold
D32
Hold
D31
Re-elected
D30
Re-elected
D29
Re-elected
D39
Gain
D40
Gain
D41
Gain
D42
Gain, same as special
FL1
Gain
R53
Gain
R52
Gain
R51
Hold
R50
Hold
R49
Appointee elected, same as Special
Majority →
R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44
Re-elected
R45
Re-elected
R46
Re-elected
R47
Re-elected
R48
Re-elected
R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

After the special electionsEdit

  D1
Hold
D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39 D40 D41 D42
Gain, same as General
FL1 R53 R52 R51 R50 R49
Appointee elected, same as General
Majority →
R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48
R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1
Hold
R2
Appointee elected
R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8
Key:
D# Democratic
FL# Farmer–Labor
R# Republican

Race summariesEdit

Special elections during the 67th CongressEdit

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1922 or before March 4, 1923; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware
(Class 1)
T. Coleman du Pont Republican 1921 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected November 7, 1922.
Democratic gain.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
Georgia
(Class 3)
Rebecca Latimer Felton Democratic 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 7, 1922.
Democratic hold.
Iowa
(Class 2)
Charles A. Rawson Republican 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 7, 1922.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania
(Class 1)
David A. Reed Republican 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 7, 1922.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
Pennsylvania
(Class 3)
George W. Pepper Republican 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 7, 1922.

Elections leading to the 68th CongressEdit

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1923; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arizona Henry F. Ashurst Democratic 1912
1916
Incumbent re-elected.
California Hiram W. Johnson Republican 1916 Incumbent re-elected.
Connecticut George P. McLean Republican 1911
1916
Incumbent re-elected.
Delaware T. Coleman du Pont Republican 1921 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Florida Park Trammell Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana Harry S. New Republican 1916 Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Maine Frederick Hale Republican 1916 Incumbent re-elected September 11, 1922.
Maryland Joseph I. France Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Massachusetts Henry Cabot Lodge Republican 1893
1899
1905
1911
1916
Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan Charles E. Townsend Republican 1911
1916
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Minnesota Frank B. Kellogg Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Farmer–Labor gain.
Mississippi John S. Williams Democratic 1908 (Early)
1916
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Missouri James A. Reed Democratic 1910
1916
Incumbent re-elected.
Montana Henry L. Myers Democratic 1911
1916
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Nebraska Gilbert M. Hitchcock Democratic 1911
1916
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Nevada Key Pittman Democratic 1913 (Special)
1916
Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey Joseph S. Frelinghuysen Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
New Mexico Andrieus A. Jones Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected.
New York William M. Calder Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
North Dakota Porter J. McCumber Republican 1899
1905
1911
1916
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Ohio Atlee Pomerene Democratic 1911
1916
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Pennsylvania David A. Reed Republican 1922 (Appointed)
1922 (Special)
Interim appointee elected.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Rhode Island Peter G. Gerry Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee Kenneth D. McKellar Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas Charles A. Culberson Democratic 1899
1905
1911
1916
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Utah William H. King Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont Caroll S. Page Republican 1908 (Special)
1910
1916
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Virginia Claude A. Swanson Democratic 1910 (Appointed)
1911 (Appointed)
1912 (Special)
1916
Incumbent re-elected.
Washington Miles Poindexter Republican 1910
1916
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
West Virginia Howard Sutherland Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Wisconsin Robert M. La Follette Sr. Republican 1905
1911
1916
Incumbent re-elected.
Wyoming John B. Kendrick Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected.

ArizonaEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Arizona[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Henry F. Ashurst (incumbent) 39,722 65.03%
Republican James H. McClintock 21,358 34.97%
Majority 13,864 30.06%
Turnout 61,080
Democratic hold

CaliforniaEdit

1922 United States Senate election in California [2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Hiram Johnson (Incumbent) 564,422 62.17%
Democratic William J. Pearson 215,748 23.76%
Independent H. Clay Needham 70,748 7.79%
Socialist Upton Sinclair 56,982 6.28%
Majority 348,674 38.41%
Turnout 907,900
Republican hold

ConnecticutEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Connecticut[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican George P. McLean (incumbent) 169,524 52.49%
Democratic Thomas J. Spellacy 147,276 45.60%
Socialist Isadore Polsky 6,161 1.91%
Majority 22,248 6.89%
Turnout 322,961
Republican hold

Delaware (Special)Edit

1922 United States Senate special election in Delaware[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas F. Bayard Jr. 36,954 49.65%
Republican T. Coleman du Pont (incumbent) 36,894 49.57%
Forward Frank Stephens 581 0.78%
Majority 60 0.08%
Turnout 74,429
Democratic gain from Republican

DelawareEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Delaware[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas F. Bayard Jr. 37,304 49.81%
Republican T. Coleman du Pont (incumbent) 36,979 49.38%
Forward Frank Stephens 608 0.81%
Majority 325 0.43%
Turnout 74,891
Democratic gain from Republican

FloridaEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Florida[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Park Trammell (Incumbent) 45,707 88.27%
Independent W. C. Lawson 6,074 11.73%
Majority 39,733 76.54%
Turnout 51,781
Democratic hold

Georgia (Special)Edit

1922 United States Senate special election in Georgia[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Walter F. George 75,838 100.00%
Democratic hold

IndianaEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Indiana[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Samuel M. Ralston 558,169 51.55%
Republican Albert J. Beveridge 524,558 48.45%
Majority 33,611 3.10%
Turnout 1,082,727
Democratic gain from Republican

Iowa (Special)Edit

1922 United States Senate special election in Iowa[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Smith W. Brookhart 389,751 63.11%
Democratic Clyde L. Herring 227,833 36.89%
Majority 161,918 27.22%
Turnout 617,584
Republican hold

MaineEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Maine[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frederick Hale (Incumbent) 101,026 57.50%
Democratic Oakley C. Curtis 74,660 42.50%
Majority 26,366 15.00%
Turnout 175,686
Republican hold

MarylandEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Maryland[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William Cabell Bruce 160,947 52.61%
Republican Joseph I. France (incumbent) 139,581 45.63%
Labor Robert E. Long 2,909 0.95%
Socialist James L. Smiley 2,479 0.81%
Majority 21,366 6.98%
Turnout 305,916
Democratic gain from Republican

MassachusettsEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Massachusetts[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Henry Cabot Lodge (incumbent) 414,130 47.59%
Democratic William A. Gaston 406,776 46.75%
Prohibition John A. Nichols 24,866 2.86%
Socialist John Weaver Sherman 11,678 1.34%
Independent Washington Cook 7,836 0.90%
Progressive William E. Weeks 4,862 0.56%
Majority 7,354 0.84%
Turnout 870,148
Republican hold

MichiganEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Michigan[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Woodbridge Nathan Ferris 294,932 50.59%
Republican Charles E. Townsend (incumbent) 281,843 48.35%
Socialist William L. Krieghoff 4,249 0.73%
Prohibition Frank E. Titus 1,936 0.33%
Majority 13,089 2.24%
Turnout 582,960
Democratic hold

MinnesotaEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Minnesota[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Farmer–Labor Henrik Shipstead 325,372 47.10%
Republican Frank B. Kellogg 241,833 35.01%
Democratic Anna D. Olesen 123,624 17.90%
Majority 83,539 12.09%
Turnout 690,829
Farmer–Labor gain from Republican

MississippiEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Mississippi[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Hubert D. Stephens 63,639 92.84%
Republican John C. Cook 3,632 5.30%
Socialist Sumner W. Rose 1,273 1.86%
Majority 60007 87.54%
Turnout 68544
Democratic hold

MissouriEdit

1922 Missouri United States Senate election[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic James A. Reed (incumbent) 506,264 51.85%
Republican R. R. Brewster 462,009 47.32%
Socialist W. M. Brandt 7,119 0.73%
Socialist Labor William W. Cox 970 0.10%
Majority 44,255 4.53%
Turnout 976,362
Democratic hold

MontanaEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Montana[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Burton K. Wheeler (Incumbent) 88,205 55.57%
Republican Carl W. Riddick 69,464 43.76%
Socialist George H. Ambrose 1,068 0.67%
Majority 18,741 11.81%
Turnout 158,737
Democratic hold

NebraskaEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Nebraska[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert B. Howell 220,350 56.84%
Democratic Gilbert Hitchcock (incumbent) 148,265 38.24%
Third Party James L. Beebe 19076 4.92%
Majority 72,085 18.60%
Turnout 387,691
Republican gain from Democratic

NevadaEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Nevada[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Key Pittman (Incumbent) 18,200 63.04%
Republican Charles S. Chandler 10,671 36.96%
Majority 7,529 26.08%
Turnout 28,871
Democratic hold

New JerseyEdit

1922 United States Senate election in New Jersey[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward I. Edwards 451,832 55.47%
Republican Joseph S. Frelinghuysen Sr. (incumbent) 362,699 44.53%
Majority 89,133 10.94%
Turnout 814,531
Democratic gain from Republican

New MexicoEdit

1922 United States Senate election in New Mexico[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Andrieus A. Jones (Incumbent) 60,969 55.58%
Republican Stephen B. Davis, Jr. 48,721 44.42%
Majority 12,248 11.16%
Turnout 109,690
Democratic hold

New YorkEdit

1922 United States Senate election in New York[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Royal S. Copeland 1,276,667 52.60%
Republican William M. Calder (incumbent) 995,421 41.01%
Socialist Algernon Lee 117,928 4.86%
Prohibition Coleridge A. Hart 32,124 1.32%
Socialist Labor Henry Kuhn 4,993 0.21%
Majority 281,246 11.59%
Turnout 2,427,133
Democratic gain from Republican

North DakotaEdit

1922 United States Senate election in North Dakota[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lynn Frazier 101,312 52.28%
Democratic J. F. T. O’Connor 92,464 47.72%
Majority 8,848 4.56%
Turnout 193,776
Republican hold

OhioEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Ohio[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Simeon D. Fess 794,159 50.90%
Democratic Aitlee Pomerene (Incumbent) 744,558 47.72%
Independent Virginia D. Green 21,514 1.38%
Majority 49,601 3.18%
Turnout 1,560,231
Republican gain from Democratic

Pennsylvania (Special, Class 1)Edit

1922 United States Senate special election in Pennsylvania (Class 1)[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican David A. Reed (incumbent) 860,483 86.15%
Prohibition Rachel C. Robinson 60,390 6.05%
Socialist William J. Van Essen 55,703 5.58%
Single Tax Thomas J. Davis 21,997 2.20%
None Scattering 287 0.03%
Majority 800,093 80.10%
Turnout 998,860
Republican hold

PennsylvaniaEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Pennsylvania[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican David A. Reed (incumbent) 802146 55.61%
Democratic Samuel L. Schull 434,583 30.13%
Progressive William J. Burke 127,180 8.82%
Prohibition Rachel C. Robinson 41,935 2.91%
Socialist Charles Sehl 33,004 2.29%
Single Tax Charles J. Schoales 3596 0.25%
None Scattering 41 0.00%
Majority 367563 25.48%
Turnout 1442485
Republican hold

Pennsylvania (Special, Class 3)Edit

1922 United States Senate special election in Pennsylvania (Class 3)[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican George W. Pepper (incumbent) 819507 57.60%
Democratic Fred B. Kerr 468,330 32.91%
Progressive Earl W. Thompson 57,075 4.01%
Socialist William J. Van Essen 38,440 2.70%
Prohibition Frank G. Lewis 34,089 2.40%
Single Tax James A. Robinson 5356 0.38%
Majority 351,177 24.69%
Turnout 1422856
Republican hold

Rhode IslandEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Rhode Island[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Peter G. Gerry (Incumbent) 82,889 52.17%
Republican R. Livingston Beeckman 68,930 43.38%
Socialist Labor James Matthews 6,102 3.84%
Law and Order James I. Bartholomew 968 0.61%
Majority 13,959 8.79%
Turnout 158,889
Democratic hold

TennesseeEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Tennessee[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Kenneth D. McKellar (Incumbent) 151,523 68.03%
Republican Newell Sanders 71,200 31.97%
Majority 80,323 36.06%
Turnout 222723
Democratic hold

TexasEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Texas[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Earle Bradford Mayfield 264,260 66.90%
Republican George E. B. Peddy 130,744 33.10%
Majority 133,516 33.80%
Turnout 395,004
Democratic hold

UtahEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Utah[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William H. King (Incumbent) 58,749 48.63%
Republican Ernest Bamberger 58,188 48.16%
Socialist Charles T. Stoney 3,875 3.21%
Majority 561 0.47%
Turnout 120,812
Democratic hold

VermontEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Vermont[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank L. Greene (Incumbent) 47,669 69.04%
Democratic William B. Mayo 21,375 30.96%
Majority 26,294 38.08%
Turnout 69,044
Republican hold

VirginiaEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Virginia[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Claude A. Swanson (inc.) 116,393 71.88%
Republican J. .W McGavock 42,903 26.50%
Independent Matt N. Lewis 2,627 1.62%
Majority 73,490 45.38%
Turnout 161,923
Democratic hold

WashingtonEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Washington[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Clarence Dill 130,347 44.27%
Republican Miles Poindexter (Incumbent) 126,410 42.93%
Farmer–Labor James A. Duncan 35,326 12.00%
Socialist Labor David Burgess 1,904 0.65%
Workers Frans Bostrom 482 0.16%
Majority 3,937 1.34%
Turnout 294,469
Democratic gain from Republican

West VirginiaEdit

1922 United States Senate election in West Virginia[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Matthew M. Neely 198,853 51.15%
Republican Howard Sutherland (Incumbent) 185,046 47.59%
Socialist M. S. Holt 4,895 1.26%
Majority 13,807 3.56%
Turnout 388,794
Democratic gain from Republican

WisconsinEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Wisconsin[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert M. La Follette Jr. (incumbent) 379,494 80.67%
Independent Jesse Jack Hooper 78,029 16.59%
Prohibition Adolph R. Buckman 11,254 2.39%
Independent Richard Koeppel 1,656 0.35%
Majority 301,465 64.08%
Turnout 470,433
Republican hold

WyomingEdit

1922 United States Senate election in Wyoming[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John B. Kendrick (Incumbent) 35,734 56.74%
Republican F. W. Mondell 26,627 42.28%
Socialist W. B. Guthrie 612 0.97%
Majority 9,107 14.46%
Turnout 62,973
Democratic hold

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Our Campaigns - ND US Senate Race - Nov 07, 1922". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 1922" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved August 21, 2019.