1919 Stanley Cup Finals

The 1919 Stanley Cup Finals was the ice hockey play-off series to determine the 1919 Stanley Cup champions. No champion was declared; the series was cancelled after five games had been played due to an outbreak of Spanish flu. It was the only time in the history of the Stanley Cup that it was not awarded due to a no-decision after playoffs were held.[1][2] The series was a rematch of the 1917 Stanley Cup Final and the first since the armistice to end World War I.[3]

1919 Stanley Cup Finals
12345 Total
Montreal Canadiens (NHL) 04204 2
Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) 72703 2
* – overtime periods
Location(s)Seattle: Seattle Ice Arena
Formatbest-of-five
CoachesMontreal: Newsy Lalonde
Seattle: Pete Muldoon
DatesMarch 19–29

Hosting the series in Seattle was the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA) champion Seattle Metropolitans playing off against the National Hockey League (NHL) champion Montreal Canadiens. Both teams had won two games, lost two, and tied one before health officials were forced to cancel the deciding game of the series.[2] Most of the Canadiens players and their manager George Kennedy fell ill with the flu and were hospitalized, leaving only three healthy players.[1] The flu would claim the life of Canadiens defenceman Joe Hall four days later.[4] Kennedy was permanently weakened by his illness, and it led to his death a few years later.[5][2]

Paths to the FinalsEdit

The Canadiens won the first half of the 1918–19 NHL regular season while the Ottawa Senators won the second half, setting up a best-of-seven series between the two clubs to determine the NHL title. Montreal ended up winning the series, four games to one.[1]

Meanwhile, the Metropolitans finished the 1919 PCHA regular season in second place with an 11–9 record, behind the 12–8 Vancouver Millionaires. The two teams then faced off in a two-game total-goals championship series. Hours before the puck dropped for Game One, Metropolitans' leading scorer Bernie Morris was arrested by United States authorities for alleged draft dodging.[2][6] Without Morris, Seattle won game one 6–1 after Frank Foyston notched a hat trick, essentially ending the aggregate goals series. Vancouver recorded a 4–1 victory in game two, but lost the series to the Metropolitans by a combined score of 7–5. Morris was ultimately sentenced to two years hard labor at the U.S. Military Prison - Alcatraz though his conviction was overturned after one-year when he was granted an Honorable Discharge from the U.S. Army and sent straight to Ottawa for the 1920 Stanley Cup Final.[7]

Game summariesEdit

All of the games were held at the Seattle Ice Arena. As with previous Stanley Cup series, the differing rules for the leagues alternated each game: PCHA rules were to be used in games one, three and five; and NHL rules were to be used in games two and four. The actual game five used NHL rules, as it was considered a replay of game four.[8] Seattle dominated Montreal under PCHA rules, scoring two in the first, three in the second and a further two in the third.[9] Corbeau of Montreal was injured but finished the game and continued to play in the series as a substitute.[10]

The Canadiens evened the series in game two with Newsy Lalonde scoring all of Montreal's goals. Montreal took the lead and never relinquished it, although Seattle scored two in the third in 32 seconds to make it close. Joe Hall took a puck to the nose, on a deliberate play by Cully Wilson, but the rough tactics did not continue as Seattle tried to catch up.[11]

Back under PCHA rules, the Metropolitans won game three, 7–2. Seattle scored four goals in the first to take a commanding lead. No goals were scored in the second. In the third, Seattle prevented any comeback, outscoring Montreal 3–2.[12]

Game four has been considered one of the greatest hockey games ever played, ending in a 0-0 tie after 20 minutes of overtime, with both Holmes and Montreal's Georges Vezina blocking every shot.[13][14][2] At the end of the first period, the Mets' Cully Wilson scored a goal though Hall of Fame referee Mickey Ion waved it off, deciding it was scored just after he had blown the period's final whistle. Near the close of the second overtime, Berlinguette of Montreal had an outstanding chance to win it but missed by inches. Wilson of Seattle would mix it up with Berlinguette, who had to leave the ice. As players lay collapsed across the ice, the crowd gave both teams an ovation after the game in appreciation of the teams' play.[15]

Between games four and five, discussions were made about which rules to use for game five. As game four had finished in a tie, the Canadiens wanted game five to be a replay of game four, using NHL rules, and Seattle wanted PCHA rules. The game was played under NHL rules, and it was agreed that in the future, teams would play overtime until a winning goal was scored.[8] Montreal trailed in the game 3–0 after two periods, but Seattle had tired, and Montreal scored three to force overtime. Lalonde had the Canadiens' second and third goals.[16]

In the extra period, Montreal's substitute Jack McDonald sprinted on the ice and tallied the game-winning goal in dramatic fashion after the Mets were down a player when Frank Foyston was injured, Jack Walker broke a skate and Cully Wilson collapsed from exhaustion, leading the Canadiens to a 4–3 victory.[17] The Metropolitans had only one substitute player, and the team was exhausted. On the last play, Cully Wilson went to the bench to be replaced by Frank Foyston. Foyston had scored nine of Seattle's 19 goals in the series, but by that point, he was unable to move and replace Wilson, leaving the team shorthanded while McDonald scored. Some players went to the hospital after the game, while others had to be carried home.[18][19]


Series stopped at 2–2–1


CancellationEdit

 
Announcement of Cancellation in The Globe

The sixth and deciding game of the series was scheduled for April 1, but an outbreak of influenza caused several players on both teams to become seriously ill.[2] With Lalonde, Hall, Coutu, Berlinguette, and McDonald of Montreal hospitalized or sick in bed, with fevers between 101 and 105 degrees Fahrenheit, game six was cancelled just five and a half hours before it was scheduled to start.[10] Kennedy said he was forfeiting the Cup to Seattle, but Pete Muldoon, manager-coach of the Metropolitans, refused to accept the Cup in a forfeiture, seeing that it was catastrophic illness that had caused the Canadiens lineup to be short of players. Kennedy asked to use players from the Victoria team of the PCHA, but president Frank Patrick refused the request.[20][1]

 
Montreal player Joe Hall eventually succumbed to pneumonia.

Four days later, Joe Hall died of pneumonia brought about by the flu.[21] His funeral was held in Vancouver on April 8, with most team members attending,[22] and he was buried in Brandon, Manitoba.[21] Manager George Kennedy also was stricken. His condition declined, and his wife arrived from Montreal to be with him.[23] He seemed to recover and was released from the hospital, but he never fully recovered and he died a few years later.[2]

No official Stanley Cup winner was declared in 1919,[2] and thus nothing was engraved onto the trophy. However, when the Cup was redesigned in 1948 and a new collar was added to include those teams that did not engrave their names on the trophy themselves, the following was added:

1919
Montreal Canadiens
Seattle Metropolitans
Series Not Completed

Team rostersEdit

Montreal CanadiensEdit

Goaltenders
# Player Catches Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
1 Georges Vezina L 1910   Chicoutimi, Quebec third (1916, 1917)
Defencemen
# Player Shoots Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
2 Bert Corbeau R 1914   Penetanguishene, Ontario third (1916, 1917)
9 Wilfred Billy Coutu L 1916   North Bay, Ontario second (1917)
3 Joe Hall R 1917   Staffordshire, England fifth (1904, 1907, 1912, 1913)
5 Didier Pitre "Cannonball" R 1914   Valleyfield, Quebec fourth (1909, 1916, 1917)
Forwards
# Player Position Shoots Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
7 Amos Arbour LW L 1918   Waubaushene, Ontario 2nd (1916)
9 Billy Bell C R 1917   Lachine, Quebec
8 Louis Berlinguette LW L 1911   Papineau, Quebec fifth (1911, 1912, 1916, 1917)
6 Ogilvie Odie Cleghorn RW R 1918   Montreal, Quebec first
11 Fred Doherty "Doc" RW L 1918   Norwood, Ontario 2nd (1912)
4 Edouard Newsy LalondeC C‡ R 1912   Cornwall, Ontario fourth (1908, 1916, 1917)
7 Joe Malone "Phantom" C L 1917   Quebec City, Quebec Third (1912, 1913)
10 Jack McDonald LW R 1917   Quebec City, Quebec third (1907, 1912)

Sources:

Seattle MetropolitansEdit

Goaltenders
# Player Catches Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
1 Harry Hap Holmes L 1918   Aurora, Ontario fourth (1914, 1917, 1918)
Defencemen
# Player Shoots Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
10 Bernie Morris† – C R 1915   Brandon, Manitoba
3 Roy Rickey L 1915   Ottawa, Ontario
2 Bobby Rowe L 1915   Heathcote, Ontario third (1914, 1917)
Forwards
# Player Position Shoots Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
6 Frank Foyston LW‡ L 1915   Minesing, Ontario third (1914, 1917)
Ran McDonald RW R 1915   Cashion's Glen, Ontario third (1914, 1917)
5 Hugh Muzz Murray C/LW 1918   Sault Ste Marie, Michigan first final
4 Jack Walker C/R L 1915   Silver Mountain, Ontario fourth (1911, 1914, 1917)
7 Carol Cully Wilson RW R 1915   Winnipeg, Manitoba third (1914, 1917)

† Morris did not play in the series due to his arrest for draft evasion. ‡ Played rover position.

Sources:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Coleman, Charles (1966). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol. 1, 1893–1926 inc.
  • Diamond, Dan, ed. (1992). The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book. Firefly Books. pp. 50–52. ISBN 1-895565-15-4.
  • Diamond, Dan; Duplacey, James; Zweig, Zweig (2001). Hockey stories on and off the ice. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 0-7407-1903-3.
  • Mouton, Claude (1987). The Montreal Canadiens. Key Porter Books. p. 153.
  • Podnieks, Andrew; Hockey Hall of Fame (2004). Lord Stanley's Cup. Triumph Books. p. 51. ISBN 1-55168-261-3.
  • Ticen, Kevin (2019). When It Mattered Most. Clyde Hill Publishing. p. 173. ISBN 978-1798208496.
Notes
  1. ^ a b c d Dator, James (July 31, 2019). "The story of the Stanley Cup that no one won". sbnation.com. Vox Media. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Weinreb, Michael (March 18, 2020). "When the Stanley Cup Final Was Canceled Because of a Pandemic". Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  3. ^ Ticen, Kevin. "Seattle Metropolitans tie the Montreal Canadiens in a plague-stricken Stanley Cup Final on March 29, 1919". HistoryLink.
  4. ^ Streeter, Kurt (May 25, 2020). "The Cost of Rushing Back to Sports: A Star's Life". The New York Times.
  5. ^ "Remembering when the NHL cancelled the 1919 Cup Final due to flu pandemic". CBSSports.com. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  6. ^ Ticen, Kevin. "Seattle Metropolitans tie the Montreal Canadiens in a plague-stricken Stanley Cup Final on March 29, 1919". HistoryLink.
  7. ^ Diamond, Duplacey & Zweig 2001, p. 9.
  8. ^ a b "Patrick decides in favour of Canadiens". The Globe. March 29, 1919. p. 22.
  9. ^ "Seattle Win First Game". The Globe. March 20, 1919. p. 12.
  10. ^ a b "Stanley Cup Series is Off". The Globe. April 2, 1919. p. 11.
  11. ^ "Canadiens Win From Seattle". The Globe. March 24, 1919. p. 14.
  12. ^ "Seattle Wins Another From Flying Frenchmen". The Globe. March 25, 1919. p. 10.
  13. ^ Brougham, Royal (March 27, 1919). "One Of Greatest Hockey Games in History Is Draw". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
  14. ^ Baxter, Portus (March 27, 1919). "Hockey Rivals Fight 80 Minutes to Draw". The Seattle Daily Times.
  15. ^ "Teams Battle to 0–0 Draw". The Globe. March 27, 1919. p. 10.
  16. ^ "Seattle Lose In Overtime". The Globe. March 31, 1919. p. 12.
  17. ^ Brougham, Royal (March 30, 1919). "Les Canadiens Defeat Seattle in Great Battle". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
  18. ^ Bowlsby, Craig. "When Seattle was Hockeytown USA" Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. seattletimes.com. March 7, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  19. ^ "Stanley Cup Playoffs". nhl.com. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  20. ^ "Even Division of Cup Funds". The Globe. April 3, 1919. p. 10.
  21. ^ a b "J. Hall Dies In Seattle". The Globe. April 7, 1919. p. 12.
  22. ^ "Funeral of Joe Hall at Vancouver To-day". The Globe. April 8, 1919. p. 11.
  23. ^ "Mrs. Kennedy Goes West to Bedside of Husband". The Globe. April 4, 1919. p. 11.
  24. ^ Mouton 1987, p. 153.
  25. ^ "NHL.com – Players". NHL. Retrieved December 3, 2008.
  26. ^ Coleman 1966, pp. 361–363.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Toronto
1918
(no champion)
Stanley Cup champions

1919
Succeeded by
Ottawa Senators
1920