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The 189th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 9, 1991, to December 31, 1992, during the ninth and tenth years of Mario Cuomo's governorship, in Albany.

189th New York State Legislature
188th 190th
The facade of the New York State Capitol building in bright daylight
JurisdictionNew York, United States
TermJanuary 1, 1991 – December 31, 1992
PresidentLt. Gov. Stan Lundine (D)
Temporary PresidentRalph J. Marino (R)
Party controlRepublican
SpeakerMel Miller (D), until December 13, 1991
Saul Weprin (D) from December 16, 1991
Party controlDemocratic
1stJanuary 9 – July 4, 1991
2ndJanuary 8 – July 3, 1992
3rdJuly 28 – 30, 1992


Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1938 and the U.S. Supreme Court decision to follow the One man, one vote rule, re-apportioned in 1982 by the Legislature, 61 Senators and 150 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts for two-year terms. Senate and Assembly districts consisted of approximately the same number of inhabitants, the area being apportioned contiguously without restrictions regarding county boundaries.

At this time there were two major political parties: the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. The Conservative Party, the Right to Life Party, the Liberal Party, the New Alliance Party, the Libertarian Party, and the Socialist Workers Party also nominated tickets.


The New York state election, 1990, was held on November 6. Governor Mario Cuomo and Lieutenant Governor Stan Lundine were re-elected, both Democrats. The elections to the other two statewide elective offices resulted in the re-election of the two incumbent officeholders: a Republican Comptroller, and a Democratic Attorney General. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Governor, was: Democrats 2,086,000; Republicans 866,000; Conservatives 828,000; Right to Life 138,000; Liberals 71,000; New Alliance 31,000; Libertarians 25,000; and Socialist Workers 13,000.

22 of the sitting 23 women members of the legislature—State Senators Mary B. Goodhue (Rep.), a lawyer of Mount Kisco; Nancy Larraine Hoffmann (Dem.), of Syracuse; Olga A. Méndez (Dem.), of East Harlem; Velmanette Montgomery (Dem.), of Brooklyn; Suzi Oppenheimer (Dem.), of Mamaroneck; and Ada L. Smith (Dem.), of Queens; and Assemblywomen Barbara M. Clark (Dem.), of Queens; Elizabeth Connelly (Dem.), of Staten Island; Geraldine L. Daniels (Dem.), of the Bronx; Gloria Davis (Dem.), of the Bronx; Eileen C. Dugan (Dem.), of Brooklyn; Aurelia Greene (Dem.), of the Bronx; Earlene Hill Hooper (Dem.), of Hempstead; Rhoda S. Jacobs (Dem.), of Brooklyn; Cynthia Jenkins (Dem.), a librarian of Queens; Helen M. Marshall (Dem.), a teacher and librarian of Queens; Nettie Mayersohn (Dem.), of Queens; Patricia McGee (Rep.), of Franklinville; Catherine Nolan (Dem.), of Queens; Audrey Pheffer (Dem.), of Queens; Cecile D. Singer (Rep.), of Yonkers; and Helene Weinstein (Dem.), a lawyer of Brooklyn—were re-elected. Nancy Calhoun (Rep.), of Blooming Grove; Joan Christensen (Dem.), of Syracuse; Vivian E. Cook (Dem.) of Queens; Deborah J. Glick (Dem.), of Manhattan; Susan V. John (Dem.), of Rochester; and Frances T. Sullivan (Rep.), of Fulton; were also elected to the Assembly.

The New York state election, 1991, was held on November 5. Three vacancies in the Assembly were filled. Assemblywoman Helen M. Marshall was elected to the New York City Council.

On January 28, 1992, Joni A. Yoswein (Dem.), of Brooklyn, was elected to fill a vacancy in the Assembly. Thus the 189th Legislature began and ended with 28 women members, setting a new record.


The Legislature met for the first regular session (the 214th) at the State Capitol in Albany on January 9, 1991;[1] and recessed indefinitely in the early morning of July 4.[2]

Mel Miller (Dem.) was re-elected Speaker of the Assembly.

Ralph J. Marino (Rep.) was re-elected Temporary President of the Senate.

On December 13, 1991, Speaker Mel Miller was convicted of a felony, and thus vacated his seat in the Assembly.[3] On December 16, 1991, Saul Weprin (Dem.) was elected Speaker.[4]

The Legislature met for the second regular session (the 215th) at the State Capitol in Albany on January 8, 1992;[5] and recessed indefinitely on July 3.[6]

In June, the Legislature re-apportioned the legislative districts. On June 24, 1992, the U.S. Department of Justice approved the redrawn districts with one exception.[7] On June 30, 1992, the New York Court of Appeals also validated the new apportionment.[8]

The Legislature met again from July 28[9] to 30, 1992.[10]

State SenateEdit


The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. Joseph R. Holland, William J. Larkin Jr., Stephen M. Saland and William R. Sears changed from the Assembly to the Senate.

Note: For brevity, the chairmanships omit the words "...the Committee on (the)..."

District Senator Party Notes
1st Kenneth LaValle* Republican
2nd James J. Lack* Republican
3rd Caesar Trunzo* Republican
4th Owen H. Johnson* Republican
5th Ralph J. Marino* Republican re-elected Temporary President
6th Kemp Hannon* Republican
7th Michael J. Tully Jr.* Republican Chairman of Health
8th Norman J. Levy* Republican Chairman of Transportation
9th Dean Skelos* Republican
10th Alton R. Waldon Jr. Democrat
11th Frank Padavan* Republican
12th Leonard P. Stavisky* Democrat
13th Emanuel R. Gold* Democrat
14th George Onorato* Democrat
15th Serphin R. Maltese* Conservative
16th Jeremy S. Weinstein* Democrat
17th Howard E. Babbush* Democrat
18th Donald Halperin* Democrat
19th Martin M. Solomon* Democrat
20th Ada L. Smith* Democrat
21st Marty Markowitz* Democrat
22nd Velmanette Montgomery* Democrat
23rd Christopher J. Mega* Republican
24th John J. Marchi* Republican
25th Martin Connor* Democrat
26th Roy M. Goodman* Republican
27th Manfred Ohrenstein* Democrat Minority Leader
28th Franz S. Leichter* Democrat
29th David Paterson* Democrat
30th Olga A. Méndez* Democrat
31st Joseph L. Galiber* Democrat
32nd Efrain Gonzalez Jr.* Democrat
33rd Jeffrey R. Korman* Democrat
34th Guy J. Velella* Republican
35th Nicholas A. Spano* Republican
36th Suzi Oppenheimer* Democrat
37th Mary B. Goodhue* Republican
38th Joseph R. Holland* Republican
39th William J. Larkin, Jr.* Republican
40th Charles D. Cook* Republican
41st Stephen M. Saland* Republican
42nd Howard C. Nolan Jr.* Democrat
43rd Joseph Bruno* Republican
44th Hugh T. Farley* Republican Chairman of Banks
45th Ronald B. Stafford* Republican Deputy Majority Leader
46th John M. McHugh* Republican on November 3, 1992, elected to the 103rd U.S. Congress
47th William R. Sears* Republican
48th Nancy Larraine Hoffmann* Democrat
49th Tarky Lombardi Jr.* Republican Chairman of Finance
50th James L. Seward* Republican
51st Thomas W. Libous* Republican
52nd Randy Kuhl* Republican
53rd L. Paul Kehoe* Republican on November 3, 1992, elected to the New York Supreme Court
54th John D. Perry* Democrat
55th Ralph E. Quattrociocchi* Democrat
56th Jess J. Present* Republican
57th William Stachowski* Democrat
58th Anthony M. Masiello* Democrat
59th Dale M. Volker* Republican
60th John B. Sheffer II* Republican
61st John B. Daly* Republican


State AssemblyEdit

Assembly membersEdit

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.

Note: For brevity, the chairmanships omit the words "...the Committee on (the)..."

District Assembly member Party Notes
1st Joseph Sawicki Jr.* Republican
2nd John L. Behan* Republican
3rd Icilio W. Bianchi, Jr.* Democrat
4th Robert J. Gaffney* Republican on November 5, 1991, elected as County Executive of Suffolk County
Steve Englebright Democrat on February 18, 1992, elected to fill vacancy[11]
5th Paul E. Harenberg* Democrat
6th Robert C. Wertz* Republican
7th Thomas F. Barraga* Republican
8th John C. Cochrane* Republican
9th John J. Flanagan* Republican
10th James D. Conte* Republican
11th Robert K. Sweeney* Democrat
12th Philip B. Healey* Republican
13th Lewis J. Yevoli* Democrat on November 5, 1991, elected Supervisor of the Town of Oyster Bay
David Sidikman Democrat on February 18, 1992, elected to fill vacancy[11]
14th Frederick E. Parola* Republican
15th Daniel Frisa* Republican
16th Thomas DiNapoli* Democrat
17th Michael Balboni* Republican
18th Earlene Hill Hooper* Democrat
19th Charles J. O'Shea* Republican
20th Harvey Weisenberg* Democrat
21st Gregory R. Becker* Republican
22nd George H. Madison* Republican resigned
Vincent T. Muscarella Republican on November 5, 1991, elected to fill vacancy
23rd Audrey Pheffer* Democrat
24th Saul Weprin* Democrat Chairman of Ways and Means (1991);
elected Speaker on December 16, 1991
25th Douglas Prescott* Republican
26th Morton C. Hillman* Democrat
27th Nettie Mayersohn* Democrat
28th Alan G. Hevesi* Democrat
29th Cynthia Jenkins* Democrat
30th Joseph Crowley* Democrat
31st Anthony S. Seminerio* Democrat
32nd Vivian E. Cook Democrat
33rd Barbara M. Clark* Democrat
34th Ivan C. Lafayette* Democrat
35th Helen M. Marshall* Democrat on November 5, 1991, elected to the New York City Council
Jeffrion L. Aubry Dem./Lib. on January 28, 1992, elected to fill vacancy[12]
36th Denis J. Butler* Democrat
37th Catherine Nolan* Democrat
38th Frederick D. Schmidt* Democrat
39th Anthony J. Genovesi* Democrat
40th Edward Griffith* Democrat
41st Helene Weinstein* Democrat
42nd Rhoda S. Jacobs* Democrat
43rd Clarence Norman Jr.* Democrat
44th Mel Miller* Democrat re-elected Speaker;
on December 13, 1991, convicted of a felony
Joni A. Yoswein Dem./Lib. on January 28, 1992, elected to fill vacancy[12]
45th Daniel L. Feldman* Democrat
46th Howard L. Lasher* Democrat
47th Frank J. Barbaro* Democrat
48th Dov Hikind* Democrat
49th Peter J. Abbate Jr.* Democrat
50th Joseph R. Lentol* Democrat Chairman of Codes (1992)
51st James F. Brennan* Democrat
52nd Eileen C. Dugan* Democrat
53rd Vito J. Lopez* Democrat
54th Thomas F. Catapano* Democrat
55th William F. Boyland* Democrat
56th Albert Vann* Democrat
57th Roger L. Green* Democrat
58th Elizabeth Connelly* Democrat
59th Eric N. Vitaliano* Democrat
60th Robert A. Straniere* Republican
61st Deborah J. Glick Democrat
62nd Sheldon Silver* Democrat Chairman of Codes (1991); Chairman of Ways and Means (1992)[13]
63rd Steven Sanders* Democrat
64th Richard N. Gottfried* Democrat
65th Alexander B. Grannis* Democrat
66th John Ravitz Republican
67th Jerrold Nadler* Democrat on November 3, 1992, elected to the 102nd and 103rd U.S. Congresses
68th Angelo Del Toro* Democrat Chairman of Education
69th Edward C. Sullivan* Democrat Chairman of Higher Education
70th Geraldine L. Daniels* Democrat
71st Herman D. Farrell, Jr.* Democrat
72nd John Brian Murtaugh* Democrat
73rd David Rosado* Democrat
74th Hector L. Diaz* Democrat
75th John C. Dearie* Democrat
76th Aurelia Greene* Democrat
77th Roberto Ramirez Democrat
78th Gloria Davis* Democrat
79th George Friedman* Democrat Deputy Majority Leader (1992)
80th G. Oliver Koppell* Democrat Chairman of Judiciary
81st Stephen B. Kaufman* Democrat
82nd Larry Seabrook* Democrat
83rd Terence M. Zaleski* Democrat on November 5, 1991, elected Mayor of Yonkers
Mike Spano Republican on February 18, 1992, elected to fill vacancy[11]
84th Cecile D. Singer* Republican
85th Ronald C. Tocci* Democrat
86th Richard L. Brodsky* Democrat
87th Peter M. Sullivan* Republican
88th Gregory P. Young* Democrat
89th Henry William Barnett* Rep./Cons.
90th Vincent Leibell* Republican
91st George E. Pataki* Republican
92nd Alexander J. Gromack Democrat
93rd Samuel Colman* Democrat
94th John Bonacic* Republican
95th Nancy Calhoun Republican
96th Lawrence E. Bennett* Democrat
97th Donald H. McMillen Republican
98th Richard I. Coombe* Republican
99th Norman E. Greig Democrat
100th Neil W. Kelleher* Republican
101st Maurice D. Hinchey* Democrat on November 3, 1992, elected to the 103rd U.S. Congress
102nd John Faso* Republican
103rd Arnold W. Proskin* Republican
104th Richard J. Conners* Democrat
105th Paul D. Tonko* Democrat
106th Ronald Canestrari* Democrat
107th James Tedisco* Republican
108th Robert A. D'Andrea* Republican
109th James P. King Republican
110th Chris Ortloff* Republican
111th Bill Magee Democrat
112th John G. A. O'Neil* Republican died on December 10, 1992
113th Anthony J. Casale* Republican
114th H. Robert Nortz* Republican
115th David R. Townsend Jr. Republican
116th Ralph J. Eannace Jr.* Republican
117th Frances T. Sullivan Republican
118th Michael J. Bragman* Democrat
119th Joan Christensen Democrat
120th Melvin N. Zimmer* Democrat resigned on July 31, 1991
Joseph A. Nicoletti Democrat on November 5, 1991, elected to fill vacancy[14]
121st Harold C. Brown Jr.* Republican
122nd Clarence D. Rappleyea Jr.* Republican Minority Leader
123rd Richard H. Miller* Republican
124th James R. Tallon Jr.* Democrat Majority Leader; Acting Speaker from December 13 to 16, 1991
125th Martin A. Luster* Democrat
126th George H. Winner, Jr.* Republican
127th Donald R. Davidsen* Republican
128th Michael F. Nozzolio* Republican
129th Frank G. Talomie Sr.* Republican
130th Robert L. King* Republican on November 5, 1991, elected as County Executive of Monroe County
David Van Varick Rep./Cons. on February 18, 1992, elected to fill vacancy[15]
131st Susan V. John Democrat
132nd Joseph D. Morelle Democrat
133rd David F. Gantt* Democrat
134th Roger J. Robach* Democrat Deputy Majority Leader; died on September 29, 1991
Joseph Robach Democrat on November 5, 1991, elected to fill vacancy[16]
135th James F. Nagle* Republican
136th John W. Hasper* Republican
137th R. Stephen Hawley* Republican
138th Joseph T. Pillittere* Democrat
139th Matthew J. Murphy, Jr.* Democrat
140th Robin L. Schimminger* Democrat
141st Arthur O. Eve* Democrat
142nd Richard R. Anderson* Republican
143rd Paul Tokasz* Democrat
144th William B. Hoyt* Democrat died on March 25, 1992
Sam Hoyt Democrat on May 5, 1992, elected to fill vacancy[17]
145th Richard J. Keane* Democrat
146th Francis J. Pordum* Democrat
147th Thomas M. Reynolds* Republican
148th Vincent J. Graber Sr.* Democrat
149th Patricia McGee* Republican
150th William L. Parment* Democrat



  1. ^ Cuomo Prescribes Austerity, Not Activism by Kevin Sack, in the New York Times on January 10, 1991
  2. ^ Cuomo's Tax Shift Reflects Fiscal Squeeze by Kevin Sack, in the New York Times on July 5, 1991
  3. ^ Miller Is Found Guilty of Fraud; Speaker Loses Seat in Assembly by Arnold H. Lubasch, in the New York Times on December 14, 1991
  4. ^ Saul Weprin; A Quiet Conciliator by Sam Howe Verhovek, in the New York Times on December 17, 1991
  5. ^ At Feel-Good Event, Most Felt Rotten by Calvin Sims, in the New York Times on January 9, 1992
  6. ^ Albany Lawmakers End Session Without Acting on 2 Major Issues by Sam Howe Verhovek, in the New York Times on July 4, 1992
  7. ^ Most of Albany Plan for Legislative Districts Wins U.S. Approval by Sam Howe Verhovek, in the New York Times on June 25, 1992
  8. ^ Appeals Court Upholds Albany's Districting Plan by Sam Howe Verhovek, in the New York Times on July 1, 1992
  9. ^ Legislators Begin Approving Bills as a Rare Special Session Begins in Albany by Sam Howe Verhovek, in the New York Times on July 29, 1992
  10. ^ Albany Approves Fiscal Package for Suffolk and Jobs Bond Act by Sarah Lyall, in the New York Times on July 31, 1992
  11. ^ a b c Republican Wins Assembly Seat in Yonkers in the New York Times on February 19, 1992
  12. ^ a b Brooklyn and Queens Democrats Win Special Assembly Elections by Lee A. Daniels, in the New York Times on January 29, 1992
  13. ^ Manhattan Assemblyman Wins Ways and Means Chairmanship by Sam Howe Verhovek, in the New York Times on January 8, 1992
  14. ^ NY Assembly 120 Special at
  15. ^ King, Kehoe Push Van Varick in the Fairport–Perinton Herald–Mail on February 12, 1992
  16. ^ New York State in the New York Times on November 7, 1991
  17. ^ VETTER READY TO RUN AGAIN IN THE FALL in The Buffalo News on May 11, 1992; at HighBeam Research