1891 New South Wales colonial election

The 1891 New South Wales colonial election was held in the then colony of New South Wales between 17 June to 3 July 1891. This election was for all of the 141 seats in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly and it was conducted in 35 single-member constituencies, 20 2-member constituencies, 10 3-member constituencies and nine 4-member constituencies, all with a first past the post system. Part 1 (section 10) of the Electoral Act of 1880 set the qualification for election on "every male subject of Her Majesty of the full age of twenty-one years and absolutely free being a natural born or naturalized subject".[1] Seven seats were uncontested. The previous parliament of New South Wales was dissolved on 6 June 1891 by the Governor, The Earl of Jersey, on the advice of the Premier, Sir Henry Parkes.

1891 New South Wales colonial election

← 1889 17 June 1891 – 3 July 1891 1894 →

All 141 seats in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
71 Assembly seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  George Dibbs Federation Conference 1884.jpg Henryparkes.jpg
Leader George Dibbs Sir Henry Parkes Steering Committee of 5
Party Protectionist Free Trade Labor
Leader since 17 January 1889 1886 July 1891
Leader's seat Murrumbidgee St Leonards
Last election 66 seats 71 seats First election
Seats won 52 seats 44 seats 35 seats
Seat change Decrease14 Decrease27 Increase35
Percentage 36.50% 36.49% 20.62%
Swing Decrease14.87 Decrease12.14 Increase20.62

1891 New South Wales colonial election - Results.svg
The map at the top shows the results for each seat. The map at the bottom shows the vote share for each seat.

Premier before election

Sir Henry Parkes
Free Trade

Elected Premier

George Dibbs
Protectionist

The election saw the first appearance of the Labour Party (then known as the Labour Electoral League of New South Wales), which won 35 seats, taking a significant number of votes and seats from both of the previous two major parties in the Assembly, and giving Labour the balance of power.[2] The main political parties in New South Wales, the Protectionist Party and the Free Trade Party both lost seats to Labour, with Parkes' Free Trade government losing office to George Dibbs' Protectionists after Dibbs arranged for support for his government from Labour.

Key datesEdit

Date Event
6 June 1891 The Legislative Assembly was dissolved, and writs were issued by the Governor to proceed with an election.
15 to 24 June 1891 Nominations for candidates for the election closed.
17 June to 3 July 1891 Polling days.
14 July 1891 Opening of new Parliament.

ResultsEdit

 
The Legislative Assembly after the election.

New South Wales colonial election, 3 July 1891 [3]
Legislative Assembly
<< 18891894 >>

Enrolled voters
Votes cast 180,449 Turnout 64.40 +4.87
Informal votes 3,680 Informal 2.00 +0.28
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary votes % Swing Seats Change
  Protectionist 65,866 32.6 -18.8 52 −14
  Free Trade 65,850 32.6 −16.0 44 −27
  Labor 37,216 18.4 +18.4 35 +35
  Independent 21,595 10.7 +7.6 12 +8
  Ind. Free Trade 6,684 3.3 +3.3 4 +4
  Ind. Protectionist 3,627 1.8 +1.8 4 +4
  Independent Labor 759 0.4 +0.4 1 +1
  Independent 445 0.25 +0.25 1 +1
Total 202,042     141  

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Electoral Act of 1880, s.10
  2. ^ So Monstrous a Travesty, Ross McMullen. Scribe Publications 2004. p.4.
  3. ^ Green, Antony. "1891 election totals". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 19 September 2019.

BibliographyEdit