The 1891 New South Wales colonial election was held in the then colony of New South Wales between 17 June to 3 July 1891. This election was for all of the 141 seats in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly and it was conducted in 35 single-member constituencies, 20 2-member constituencies, 10 3-member constituencies and nine 4-member constituencies, all with a first past the post system. Part 1 (section 10) of the Electoral Act of 1880 set the qualification for election on "every male subject of Her Majesty of the full age of twenty-one years and absolutely free being a natural born or naturalized subject". Seven seats were uncontested. The previous parliament of New South Wales was dissolved on 6 June 1891 by the Governor, The Earl of Jersey, on the advice of the Premier, Sir Henry Parkes.
All 141 seats in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
71 Assembly seats were needed for a majority
The map at the top shows the results for each seat. The map at the bottom shows the vote share for each seat.
The election saw the first appearance of the Labor Party (then known as the Labour Electoral League of New South Wales), which won 35 seats, taking a significant number of votes and seats from both of the previous two major parties in the Assembly, and giving Labour the balance of power. The main political parties in New South Wales, the Protectionist Party and the Free Trade Party both lost seats to Labour. Parkes held on as Premier until October 1891 when he again lost a vote in the Legislative Assembly, causing Parkes to resign as Premier and leader of the Free Trade Party. George Dibbs (Protectionist) became Premier after he arranged for support for his government from Labour.
|6 June 1891||The Legislative Assembly was dissolved, and writs were issued by the Governor to proceed with an election.|
|15 to 24 June 1891||Nominations for candidates for the election closed.|
|17 June to 3 July 1891||Polling days.|
|14 July 1891||Opening of new Parliament.|
|Summary of votes by party|
|Ind. Free Trade||6,684||3.3||+3.3||4||+4|
- William Alison MLA (Bogan)
- Wyman Brown MLA (Sturt)
- Myles McRae MLA (Morpeth)
- Alfred Stokes MLA (Forbes)
- Charles Garland MLA (Carcoar)
- Thomas Garrett MLA (Camden)
- Alexander Hutchison MLA (Canterbury)
- Joseph Mitchell MLA (Illawarra)
- John Shepherd MLA (Paddington)
- Edwin Turner MLA (Gunnedah)
- James Wilshire MLA (Canterbury)
- Francis Woodward MLA (Illawarra)
- Electoral Act of 1880, s.10
- So Monstrous a Travesty, Ross McMullen. Scribe Publications 2004. p.4.
- Martin, A W. "Parkes, Sir Henry (1815–96)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 26 February 2021 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
- Mansfield, Bruce E. "Dibbs, Sir George Richard (1834–1904)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 20 August 2019 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
- Green, Antony. "1891 election totals". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- "The Labor Caucus". The Evening News. 14 July 1891. p. 5. Retrieved 6 October 2021 – via Trove.
- "The Labour representatives in Parliament". The Sydney Morning Herald. 16 July 1891. p. 5. Retrieved 6 October 2021 – via Trove.
- "Former members of the New South Wales Parliament, 1856-2006". New South Wales Parliament.