Charles Garland (Australian politician)

Charles Launcelot Garland (1854 – 7 January 1930) was a New Zealand-born Australian politician and mining entrepreneur. He was the founder of the town of Leadville, N.S.W.

Charles Garland

He was born at Auckland to sea captain William Riley Garland and Nancy Turner. He was a miner from an early age, and migrated to New South Wales in 1879. Around 1882 he married Mary Newland, with whom he had a son. Garland died in Sydney in 1930,[1][2] and was buried at the Gore Hill Cemetery.[3]

Business careerEdit

From 1882 he was an assurance agent, and was also successful mining at Leadville, on the Palmer River in Far North Queensland,[1] and on the Macquarie River.[4]

Garland is credited with being the first to introduce gold dredging—a technique used extensively in his native New Zealand[5]—to New South Wales, He launched the first gold dredge on the Macquarie in 1899.[6] By 1905, there were 42 dredges working in New South Wales, resulting in a significant revival of gold production.[4]

Political careerEdit

In 1885 he was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly as the member for Carcoar. He retired in 1891.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Mr Charles Launcelot Garland (1854-1930)". Former members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  2. ^ "OBITUARY. MR. C. L. GARLAND". Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954). 9 January 1930. p. 12. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Charles Lancelot Garland (1855-1930) - Find A..." Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  4. ^ a b "GOLD-DREDCING ON THE MACQUARIE RIVER". Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912). 12 April 1905. p. 925. Retrieved 5 December 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Gold dredges development | Engineering New Zealand". Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  6. ^ "DREDGE MINING IN NEW SOUTH WALES". Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912). 17 June 1899. p. 1410. Retrieved 7 January 2021.


New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by Member for Carcoar
Served alongside: Baker/Jeanneret/Plumb
Succeeded by