1890s North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons

This article encompasses the 1890s North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons.

1890 seasonEdit

June 1890 Muscat cycloneEdit

This system formed off the west coast of India during the first week of June and moved northwest towards the Arabian peninsula. Approaching the Gulf of Oman, strong winds and heavy rains affected Sur during the afternoon on June 4. Rain spread west that evening towards Muscat, where winds increased to hurricane-force from the north-northeast early on June 5. The eye of the storm made landfall at Sohar at dusk on June 5, eventually dissipating well inland. Heavy rains fell at the hospital in Muscat, where 11.24 inches (285 mm) were recorded. This led to flooding which took several hundred lives. Several thousand date trees were uprooted by the storm's winds and carried away by its floods. Several homes were leveled in Muscat and Mutrah. Fifty perished from downing near the coast or being buried by debris. Overall, 727 people lost their lives.[1]

1891 seasonEdit

  • May 19–27, 1891 – A shallow depression developed over the Bay of Bengal to the northeast of Sri Lanka. Over the next few days, the system moved northwards and brought the south-west monsoon over Burma and the Bay of Bengal, before it dissipated off the coast of Ganjam during May 27.[2]
  • July 24–30, 1891 – During July 24, a moderate cyclonic storm formed over the Bay of Bengal, near the mouth of the Hooghly River. Over the next few days, the system moved north-westwards
  • June 1891- A Cyclone struck Mumbai being the first on record to strike the city in the month of June [3]

1895 seasonEdit

1895 Odisha cycloneEdit

An intense cyclone struck Odisha.[4]

1895 Balochistan cycloneEdit

In 1895, a cyclonic storm hit the Makran coast in Balochistan province in modern-day Pakistan.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ David Membery (July 2002). "Monsoon Tropical Cyclones: Part 2". Weather. Royal Meteorological Society. 57 (7): 247–255. Bibcode:2002Wthr...57..246M. doi:10.1256/004316502760195911.
  2. ^ India Weather Review Annual Summary 1891 (PDF) (Report). India Meteorological Department. 1892. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  3. ^ "Nisarga, Mumbai's first cyclone since 1891, poised to make landfall". Deccan Chronicle. 2020-06-03. Retrieved 2021-08-11.
  4. ^ P. Chittibabu; S. K. Dube; J. B. Macnabb; T. S. Murty; A. D. Rao; U. C. Mohanty; P. C. Sinha (February 2004). "Mitigation of Flooding and Cyclone Hazard in Orissa, India". Natural Hazards. 31 (2): 455–485. doi:10.1023/B:NHAZ.0000023362.26409.22. ISSN 0921-030X. S2CID 129718601.
  5. ^ "Indian Weather Man (IWM): Cyclone History for Karachi". indianweatherman.blogspot.com. 6 June 2010. Retrieved September 3, 2020.