1889 Kumamoto earthquake

The 1889 Kumamoto earthquake occurred at 23:40 JST (14:40 UTC) on 28 July in the western part of Kumamoto, Japan. It was also called the Kinpozan earthquake (or Kinbozan earthquake, since its epicenter was the southern-eastern foot of Mount Kinpu) and its magnitude was 6.3.

1889 Kumamoto earthquake
Damage to the western flank of Kumamoto Castle, 29 July 1889
1889 Kumamoto earthquake is located in Kumamoto Prefecture
1889 Kumamoto earthquake
Local date28 July 1889 (1889-07-28)
Local time23:40 JST (UTC+9)
Magnitude6.3 Mw
DepthVery shallow
Epicenter32°48′N 130°42′E / 32.8°N 130.7°E / 32.8; 130.7[1]
Areas affectedKumamoto Prefecture, Japan
Casualties20 dead

Twenty people died (5 in Kumamoto City and 15 in Akita Gun, Kumamoto Prefecture) and hundreds of houses and parts of Kumamoto Castle were destroyed. The earthquake was the first[citation needed] major one after the establishment of the Seismological Society of Japan (in 1880), and its waves were recorded as far as Potsdam, Germany. Few houses were affected by fire since the quake occurred at midnight. Aftershocks occurred for five months, and some people had to sleep outdoors. According to Tadao Shimoma,[2] the earthquake was a combination of the Tatsuda fault and unsuccessful volcanic activities, since there were injections of aerosol into the air at many places around Mt. Kinpo, Ninotake and Sannotake. He claimed the Kinpo mountains (now showing no volcanic activities) are similar to Mt. Unzen in petrology. The photographs were considered the earliest earthquake damage photos in Japan.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ IISEE. "Search parameters page". Catalog of Damaging Earthquakes in the World (Through June, 2009). Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  2. ^ Shozo Oda (2000). On earthquakes, numbers 4 and 5, Shiso, pp. 143. (Original : Kumamotoken Chiboshi, by Tadao Shimoma (1932).)

External links edit