1869 Swiss federal election

Federal elections were held in Switzerland on 31 October 1869. The Radical Left remained the largest group in the National Council.[1]

The 47 electoral districts

Electoral systemEdit

The 128 members of the National Council were elected in 47 single- and multi-member constituencies; there was one seat for every 20,000 citizens, with seats allocated to cantons in proportion to their population.[2] The elections were held using a three-round system; candidates had to receive a majority in the first or second round to be elected; if it went to a third round, only a plurality was required. Voters could cast as many votes as there were seats in their constituency.[2] In six cantons (Appenzell Innerrhoden, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Glarus, Nidwalden, Obwalden and Uri), National Council members were elected by the Landsgemeinde.

ResultsEdit

National CouncilEdit

SummaryEdit

Voter turnout was highest in Aargau at 85.6% (higher than the 79.1% who voted in Schaffhausen, where voting was compulsory) and lowest in Schwyz and Zug at 22.1%.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Radical Left 37.6 56 +3
Liberal Centre 25.9 31 –8
Catholic Right 15.5 23 +2
Democratic Left 14.6 15 +4
Evangelical Right 4.1 3 –1
Independents 2.3 0 0
Total 308,510 100 128 0
Registered voters/turnout 568,713 54.2
Source: BFS

By constituencyEdit

Constituency Seats Party Seats

won

Elected members
Zürich 1 4 Liberal Centre 4
  • Jakob Dubs
  • Alfred Escher
  • Eduard Suter
  • Johann Jakob Widmer
Zürich 2 3 Democratic Left 2
  • Johann Jakob Keller
  • Walter Hauser
Liberal Centre 1 Johann Heinrich Fierz
Zürich 3 3 Democratic Left 3
  • Hans Rudolf Zangger
  • Johann Jakob Spörri
  • Salomon Bleuler
Zürich 4 3 Democratic Left 3
  • Friedrich Scheuchzer
  • Jakob Fehr
  • Johann Jakob Scherer
Bern 5 4 Radical Left 4
  • Carl Samuel Zyro
  • Friedrich Seiler
  • Johann Jakob Karlen
  • Jakob Scherz
Bern 6 4 Evangelical Right 3
  • Otto von Büren
  • Samuel Steiner
  • August von Gonzenbach
Radical Left 1 Rudolf Brunner
Bern 7 4 Radical Left 4
  • Karl Schenk
  • Samuel Lehmann
  • Ludwig Wyss
  • Karl Karrer
Bern 8 4 Radical Left 3
  • Andreas Schmid
  • Johann Bützberger
  • Jakob Leuenberger
Liberal Centre 1 Daniel Flückiger
Bern 9 3 Radical Left 3
  • Eduard Marti
  • Jakob Stämpfli
  • Friedrich Eggli
Bern 10 4 Radical Left 4
  • Édouard Carlin
  • Paul Migy
  • Niklaus Kaiser
  • Pierre Jolissaint
Lucerne 11 2 Liberal Centre 1 Josef Martin Knüsel
Radical Left 1 Josef Bucher
Lucerne 12 2 Catholic Right 2
  • Philipp Anton von Segesser
  • Vinzenz Fischer
Lucerne 13 3 Catholic Right 3
  • Franz Xaver Beck
  • Jost Peyer
  • Adam Herzog
Uri 14 1 Catholic Right 1 Josef Arnold
Schwyz 15 2 Liberal Centre 1 Josef Anton Eberle
Catholic Right 1 Karl Styger
Obwalden 16 1 Catholic Right 1 Simon Ettlin
Nidwalden 17 1 Catholic Right 1 Alois Wyrsch
Glarus 18 2 Liberal Centre 1 Joachim Heer
Radical Left 1 Peter Jenny II
Zug 19 1 Radical Left 1 Karl Josef Merz
Fribourg 20 3 Catholic Right 3
  • Louis de Weck
  • Alfred Vonderweid
  • Laurent Chaney
Fribourg 21 2 Catholic Right 2
  • Pierre-Théodule Fracheboud
  • Louis de Wuilleret
Solothurn 22 3 Radical Left 2
  • Benedikt von Arx
  • Simon Kaiser
Catholic Right 1 Franz Bünzli
Basel-Stadt 23 2 Liberal Centre 1 Johann Jakob Stehlin
Radical Left 1 Wilhelm Klein
Basel-Landschaft 24 3 Radical Left 2
  • Emanuel Löw
  • Stephan Gutzwiller
Liberal Centre 1 Martin Bider
Schaffhausen 25 2 Democratic Left 1 Wilhelm Joos
Liberal Centre 1 Friedrich Peyer im Hof
Appenzell Ausserrhoden 26 2 Liberal Centre 1 Adolf Friedrich Zürcher
Radical Left 1 Johannes Hohl
Appenzell Innerhoden 27 1 Catholic Right 1 Alois Broger
St. Gallen 28 3 Liberal Centre 2
  • Johann Baptist Weder
  • Daniel Wirth-Sand
Catholic Right 1 Johannes Zündt
St. Gallen 29 3 Radical Left 2
  • Josef Leonhard Bernold
  • Johann Baptist Gaudy
Liberal Centre 1 Johann Ulrich Ambühl
St. Gallen 30 3 Liberal Centre 2
  • Carl Georg Jakob Sailer
  • Georg Friedrich Anderegg
Radical Left 1 Johann M. Hungerbühler
Grisons 31 2 Liberal Centre 1 Simeon Bavier
Radical Left 1 Gaudenz Gadmer
Grisons 32 2 Catholic Right 1 Johann R. von Toggenburg
Radical Left 1 Johann Bartholome Caflisch
Grisons 33 1 Radical Left 1 Johann Albert Romedi
Aargau 34 3 Liberal Centre 2
  • Friedrich Frey-Herosé
  • Carl Feer-Herzog
Radical Left 1 Arnold Künzli
Aargau 35 4 Liberal Centre 3
  • Peter Suter
  • Alois Isler
  • Theodor Bertschinger
Democratic Left 1 Rudolf Urech
Aargau 36 3 Catholic Right 2
  • Karl von Schmid
  • Arnold Münch
Liberal Centre 1 Fridolin Schneider
Thurgau 37 5 Democratic Left 4
  • Fridolin Anderwert
  • Jakob Albert Scherb
  • Friedrich Heinrich Häberlin
  • Adolf Deucher
Liberal Centre 1 Johann Messmer
Ticino 38 3 Radical Left 3
  • Giuseppe Soldini
  • Costantino Bernasconi
  • Carlo Battaglini
Ticino 39 3 Catholic Right 1 Michele Pedrazzini
Radical Left 1 Giovanni Jauch
Liberal Centre 1 Luigi Rusca
Vaud 40 4 Radical Left 2
  • Victor Ruffy
  • Louis Ruchonnet
Liberal Centre 2
Vaud 41 4 Radical Left 3
  • Abram-Daniel Meystre
  • Victor Perrin
  • Georges-Louis Contesse
Liberal Centre 1 Jean-Louis Demiéville
Vaud 42 3 Radical Left 3
  • Louis-Henri Delarageaz
  • Charles Baud
  • Henri Reymond
Valais 43 2 Catholic Right 2
  • Alexis Allet
  • Hans Anton von Roten
Valais 44 1 Catholic Right 1 Maurice Evéquoz
Valais 45 2 Radical Left 2
  • Louis Barman
  • Maurice-Antoine Cretton
Neuchâtel 46 4 Radical Left 3
  • Jules Philippin
  • Édouard Desor
  • Zélim Perret
Dissident Liberal 1 Louis Constant Lambelet
Geneva 47 4 Radical Left 3
  • Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel
  • Moïse Vautier
  • Antoine Carteret
Liberal Centre 1 François-Jules Pictet
Source: Gruner[3]

Council of StatesEdit

Party Seats +/–
Catholic Right 14 0
Liberal Centre 12 –1
Radical Left 11 –1
Democratic Left 4 +3
Evangelical Right 0 0
Independents 3 +1
Total 44 0
Source: The Federal Assembly

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Elections to the National Council 1848–1917: Distribution of seats by party or political orientation Archived 2015-09-23 at the Wayback Machine BFS
  2. ^ a b Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1886 ISBN 9783832956097
  3. ^ Gruner, Erich. Die Wahlen in den Schweizerischen Nationalrat 1848–1919. Vol. 3.