1757 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1757.
- May 3 – The Irish-born actress Peg Woffington, playing Rosalind in As You Like It, suffers a stroke on stage at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden in London and never acts again.
- May 6 – The poet Christopher Smart is confined to St Luke's Hospital for Lunatics in London.
- May – The Baskerville typeface, designed by John Baskerville of Birmingham, England, is first used in a wove paper quarto edition of Virgil (Publii Virgilii Maronis Bucolica, Georgica, et Æneis).
- December 11 – On the death of Colley Cibber as Poet Laureate of Great Britain, the post is declined by Thomas Gray and passes to William Whitehead.
- Angelo Maria Bandini is appointed librarian of the Laurentian Library in Florence.
- Pierre-Augustin Caron changes his name to Beaumarchais.
- Jonathan Edwards becomes President of the institution that will become Princeton University.
- Robert Raikes becomes proprietor of the Gloucester Journal.
- Horace Walpole begins the Strawberry Hill Press.
- Thomas Warton is appointed Professor of Poetry at the University of Oxford.
- The Parlement of Toulouse stages a public burning of Jesuit author Hermann Busenbaum's Medulla Theologiae Morales because of its treatment of the subject of regicide.
- John Brown – An Estimate of the Manners and Principles of the Times
- Edmund Burke – A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful
- John Dalrymple – An Essay Towards a General History of Feudal Property in Great Britain
- Samuel Derrick (probable compiler) – Harris's List of Covent Garden Ladies (1st edn)
- Adam Ferguson – The Morality of Stage-Plays Seriously Considered
- Sarah Fielding – The Lives of Cleopatra and Octavia
- Edward and Elizabeth Griffith – A Series of Genuine Letters between Henry and Frances vols. i – ii.
- David Hume – The Natural History of Religion
- Soame Jenyns – A Free Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of Evil
- Richard Price – Review of the Principal Questions in Morals
- Madame Riccoboni – Lettres de Mistriss Fanny Butlerd.
- Tobias Smollett – A Complete History of England
- Horace Walpole – A Letter from Xo Ho, a Chinese Philosopher at London, to his Friend Lien Chi at Peking
- William Warburton – Remarks upon Mr. David Hume's Essay on the Natural History of Religion
- Joseph Warton – Essay on Pope
- John Wesley – The Doctrine of Original Sin
- Anonymous – The Taxes
- Phanuel Bacon – Humorous Ethics, or an Attempt to Cure the Vices and Follies of the Age by a Method Entirely New (5 plays)
- Denis Diderot – Le Fils naturel
- Samuel Foote – The Author
- David Garrick – Lilliput
- John Home – Douglas
- Tobias Smollett – The Reprisal
- Robert Andrews – Eidyllia
- Cornelius Arnold – Poems
- Samuel Boyce – Poems
- John Gilbert Cooper as "Aristippus" – Epistles to the Great
- John Duncombe – The Feminead (answer to 1754's Feminiad)
- William Duncombe – The Works of Horace in English Verse (various translators).
- John Dyer – The Fleece
- Carlo Gozzi – La tartana degli influssi per l'anno 1756
- Thomas Gray – Odes
- William Thompson – Poems
- William Wilkie – Epigoniad
- Edward Young – The Works of the Author of Night Thoughts
- February 1 – John Philip Kemble, English actor (died 1823)
- February 6 – Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Polish poet and dramatist (died 1841)
- April 9 – Wojciech Bogusławski, Polish actor, director and dramatist (died 1829)
- July 21 – Basilius von Ramdohr, German journalist and critic (died 1822)
- November 9 – William Sotheby, English poet and translator (died 1833)
- November 13 – Archibald Alison, Scottish essayist and cleric (died 1839)
- November 18 – William Blake, English poet and artist (died 1827)
- November 27 (possible year) – Mary Robinson (née Darby), English poet, actress and royal mistress (died 1800)
- December 4 – Charles Burney, English classicist and book thief (died 1817)
- Unknown date – Giovanni Antonio Galignani, Italian publisher (died 1821)
- January 9 – Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle, French dramatist and author (born 1657)
- January 19 – Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar, editor, printer and librarian (born 1674)
- March 1 – Edward Moore, English dramatist (born 1712)
- March 8 – Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (born 1701)
- August 28 – David Hartley, English philosopher and psychologist (born 1705)
- December 11
- December 15 (burial) – John Dyer, a Welsh poet, painter and Anglican cleric (born 1699)
- Sherbo, Arthur (1967). Christopher Smart: Scholar of the University. Michigan State University Press. p. 112. He may have been confined in a private madhouse before this time.