1683 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1683.
- May 17 – Jordaan Luchtmans, the predecessor of Brill Publishers, is registered as a bookseller by the Leiden booksellers' guild.
- May 25 – Lancelot Addison is appointed Dean of Lichfield.
- June 26 – Madame de La Fayette is widowed.
- August/September – John Locke flees to the Netherlands, under suspicion of involvement in the Rye House Plot in England.
- November 4 – Marriage of André Dacier and Anne Lefèvre in Paris.
- The Protestant Academy of Saumur is repressed by King Louis XIV of France.
- A public library is first recorded at Kirkwall on Orkney.
- Alexander Oldys (?) – The London Jilt; or, the Politick Whore
- "Abbé du Prat" (pseudonym) – Venus in the Cloister; or, The Nun in her Smock (Vénus dans le cloître, ou la Religieuse en chemise)
- Joshua Barnes – Landgartha, or the Amazon Queen of Denmark and Norway
- Chikamatsu Monzaemon – Yotsugi Soga (The Soga Successors/The Soga Heir)
- John Crowne – City Politiques
- John Dryden and Nathaniel Lee – The Duke of Guise
- Sor Juana – Los empeños de una casa (The Trials of a Noble House)
- Thomas Otway – The Atheist
- Edward Ravenscroft – Dame Dobson, or the Cunning Woman
- Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz – Los empeños de una casa
- Pedro Calderon de la Barca – El pintor de su deshonra
- Robert Gould – Love Given O'er: Or a Satyr on the Inconstancy of Woman
- January 15 – Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (born 1609)
- March 19 – Thomas Killigrew, English dramatist and manager (born 1612)
- August 24 – John Owen, English theologian (born 1616)
- October 20 – Marie-Catherine de Villedieu, French novelist and dramatist (born 1640)
- November 18 – Innokentiy Gizel, Ukrainian historian (born c. 1600)
- December 15 – Izaak Walton, English writer and biographer (born 1593)