1650s in Scotland
(Redirected from 1652 in Scotland)
Events from the 1650s in the Kingdom of Scotland.
|See also:||List of years in Scotland|
Timeline of Scottish history
1650 in: England • Elsewhere
- Monarch – Charles II (until his disposition in 1651)
- Commonwealth of England from 1651 until the Restoration in 1660 which reinstates Charles II.
- 21 May - James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose executed in Edinburgh after his defeat at the Battle of Carbisdale.
- 29 June - "the Lord General Cromwell went out of London towards the North: and the news of him marching Northward much startled the Scots". Oliver Cromwell leads the New Model Army to Edinburgh.
- 3 September - Battle of Dunbar takes place between Cromwell's Army and the Scottish Covenanters. Cromwell's army wins and the battle results in southern Scotland surrendering to England; it is administered from Dalkeith.
- 1 January - Charles II crowned King of Scotland at Scone Palace.
- 20 July - Battle of Inverkeithing: The English Parliamentarian New Model Army, under Major-General John Lambert, defeats a Scottish Covenanter army acting on behalf of Charles II, led by Sir John Brown of Fordell.
- 1 September - Siege of Dundee ends with the English Parliamentarian army, under General Monck, decisively defeating Covenanters in the last battle of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms in Scotland.
- 3 September - Battle of Worcester takes place after Charles II has raised an army (largely from Scotland) and invaded England. It results in his defeat by Cromwell and the king escaping abroad.
- 1652: 17 June - A large fire breaks out in Glasgow, which destroys around a third of the city and leaves approximately 1,000 families homeless.
- 1653: 16 December - Cromwell is made Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland.
- 12 April - Cromwell creates a union between England and Scotland, with Scottish representation in the Parliament of England.
- 5 May - Cromwell's Act of Grace, which pardons the people of Scotland for any crimes they may have committed during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, is proclaimed in Edinburgh.
- 1658: 3 September - Cromwell dies and the title of Lord Protector passes to his son, Richard Cromwell.
- 25 May - Richard Cromwell forced to resign as Lord Protector.
- Heriot's Hospital opens in Edinburgh.
- 1655 - History of the Church and State of Scotland by John Spottiswoode.
- Sir James Dalrymple, 1st Baronet, writer and Principal Clerk of Session (d. 1719)
- George Brown, inventor and arithmetician (d. 1730)
- Henry Erskine, 3rd Lord Cardross, Covenanter (d. 1693)
- 1654: 23 November - George Watson, accountant (d. 1733)
- 1658: 11 April - James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton, nobleman (d. 1712)
- 1 January - Margaret Wemyss, 3rd Countess of Wemyss, noble (d. 1705)
- 3 June - David Gregory, mathematician and astronomer (d. 1708)
- 13 September - Claud Hamilton, 4th Earl of Abercorn, Scottish and Irish peer (k. in action 1691)
- 21 May – James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose (b. 1612)
- 29 October - David Calderwood, divine and historian (b. 1575)
- 1654: Alexander Ross, writer (b. c.1590)
- ^ a b "Charles II - king of Great Britain and Ireland". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
- ^ a b "James Graham, 5th Earl and 1st Marquess of Montrose". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- ^ Thomas Carlyle quoting Bulstrode Whitelocke in "Oliver Cromwells Letters and speeches" Vol 2, J.M.Dent, 1908, page 146.
- ^ a b "Battle of Dunbar". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- ^ a b "British History Timeline". BBC History. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- ^ "Siege and Sacking of Dundee from The Gazetteer for Scotland". www.scottish-places.info. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
- ^ "17 June 1652 - Great Fire of Glasgow". www.glasgowlife.org.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- ^ a b c "What kind of ruler was Oliver Cromwell". The National Archives. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- ^ "Heriot's Hospital, Edinburgh". National Galleries of Scotland. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
- ^ Taylor, Alan (2016). Glagow:The Autobiography. Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited. p. 13. ISBN 9781780273532.
- ^ Whitley, Laurence A. B. (2013). A Great Grievance: Ecclesiastical Lay Patronage in Scotland until 1750. Wipf and Stock Publishers. ISBN 9781621896449.
- ^ "George Brown". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- ^ "The Discovery Service". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- ^ "History of George Watson's College". George Watson College. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- ^ "A Young Man in Blue, called Lord Arran (probably Lieutenant-General James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, later 4th Duke of Hamilton KT [1658-1712]) 266921 | National Trust Collections". www.nationaltrustcollections.org.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- ^ "David Calderwood - Scottish clergyman". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- ^ Delisle, Jean; Woodsworth, Judith (2012). Translators through History: Revised edition. John Benjamins Publishing. p. 174. ISBN 978-9027273819.